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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Union and Confederate Indians in the civil War. (search)
d in the battles of Newtonia, Mo., Maysville, Ark., Prairie Grove, Ark., Honey Springs, C. N., Perryville, C. N., besides many other minor engagements. In all the operations in which they participated they acquitted themselves creditably, and to the satisfaction of the Federal commander in the Indian Territory. On the Confederate side, General Albert Pike and Colonel Douglas H. Cooper, in the fall and winter of 1.861, organized three regiments of Indians from the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Creek, and Seminole nations or tribes, for service in the Indian Territory. These regiments, under General Pike, participated in the battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., on the 7th and 8th of March, 1862. In the five tribes named a battalion and parts of four regiments were raised for the Confederate service, but these amounted in all to perhaps not over 3500 men. At the close of Mr. Buchanan's administration nearly all the United States Indian agents in the Indian Territory were secessionists
A formidable for.--It will be seen by the interesting letter of our .Norfolk correspondent, that among the several thousand Confederate forces now at that point, is a body of three hundred Indians. These stalwart sons of the forest are from the county of Cherokee, N. C., and under the skilful training of Gen. Jackson, a distinguished member of the North Carolina Senate from Cherokee, are now ready for immediate action. A more formidable-looking body of men, we are informed by a gentleman who has seen them, never have been congregated on this continent. Not one of them is under six feet in height, and being built in proportion, they look more like modern Samsons than any thing else to which we can compare them. The rifle has been their constant companion almost from infancy, and they are confessedly the best marksmen the world has ever seen. They shoot running or standing with the same unerring certainty, and load and fire with a rapidity which is really surprising.--Petersbur
the Yankee scoundrels had been at home attending to their own business, Plymouth would not have been disturbed. The burden of the sin rests, therefore, upon the brutal invaders of a peaceful and peace-loving people. May I not hope that your Excellency, the Military Governor of North-Carolina, having rebuked confederate atrocities, will devote a portion of your valuable time to the excesses of the infernal Yankees? In the gubernatorial peregrinations of your Excellency from Currituck to Cherokee — the seaboard to the mountains — you must have been struck with the remarkable fact that there are more houses burnt in a few eastern counties than in all the rest of the great State over which your Excellency presides. It is observable that the counties so desolated are those in which the Yankee friends of your Excellency have been able to penetrate. Your Yankee master, Foster, is accustomed to make raids whenever he learns that his forces exceed the confederate five to one. Your Exc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cherokee Indians, (search)
the height of their power, and inhabited sixty-four villages along the streams; but soon afterwards nearly one-half the population were swept off by the small-pox. The Cherokees assisted in the capture of Fort Duquesne in 1758. While the Cherokees who accompanied the expedition against Fort Duquesne in 1758 were returning home along the mountains on the western borders of Virginia and the Carolinas, they quarrelled with the settlers, and several white men and Indians were killed. Some Cherokee chiefs were sent to Charleston to arrange the dispute, when they were treated almost with contempt by the governor of South Carolina. This was soon followed by an invasion of the Cherokee country by Governor Littleton (October, 1759) with 1,500 men, contributed by Virginia and the Carolinas, who demanded the surrender of the murderers of the English. He found the Cherokees ready for war, and was glad to make the insubordination of his soldiers and the prevalence of smallpox among them an
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, North Carolina, 1863 (search)
. NEW YORK--23d Cavalry (Battalion). RHODE ISLAND--Battery "F" 1st Light Arty. Oct. 16-17: Affairs at Pungo LandingPENNSYLVANIA--5th Cavalry (Detachment). Oct. 17: Skirmish, Camden Court HousePENNSYLVANIA--5th Cavalry. Oct. 20: Skirmish, Warm SpringsINDIANA--5th Cavalry. NORTH CAROLINA--2d Mounted Infantry. Oct. 23: Skirmish, Warm SpringsNORTH CAROLINA--2d Mounted Infantry. Oct. 26: Skirmish, Warm SpringsINDIANA--5th Cavalry. NORTH CAROLINA--2d Mounted Infantry. Oct. 27: Skirmish, Cherokee CountyTENNESSEE--1st National Guard. Oct. 30: Skirmish, Ford's Mill, near NewberneNORTH CAROLINA--1st Infantry (Detachment). Nov. 4: Skirmish near Rocky RunNEW YORK--12th Cavalry (Detachment Co. "K"). Nov. 4-9: Expedition up Chowan River(No Reports.) Nov. 9: Operations near Weldon(No Reports.) Nov. 13-14: Reconnoissance to Cape Fear River(No Reports.) Nov. 25: Skirmish, GreenvilleNEW YORK--12th Cavalry (Detachment); 23d Indpt. Battery (Detachment). NORTH CAROLINA--1st Infantry (Detachmen
en yet. I attacked it on the twenty-fourth instant with the Ironsides, Canonicus, Mahopac, Monadnock, Minnesota, Colorado, Mohican, Tuscarora, Wabash, Susquehanna, Brooklyn, Powhatan, Juniata, Seneca, Shenandoah, Pawtuxet, Ticonderoga, Mackinaw, Maumee, Yantic, Kansas, Iosco, Quaker City, Monticello, Rhode Island, Sassacus, Chippewa, Osceola, Tacony, Pontoosuc, Santiago de Cuba, Fort Jackson, and Vanderbilt, having a reserve of small vessels, consisting of the Aries, Howquah, Wilderness, Cherokee, A. D. Vance, Anemone, Aeolus, Gettysburg, Alabama, Keystone State, Banshee, Emma, Lillian, Tristram Shandy, Britannia, Governor Buckingham, and Nansemond. Previous to making the attack, a torpedo on a large scale, with an amount of powder on board, supposed to be sufficient to explode the powder magazines of the fort, was prepared with great care, and placed under the command of Commander A. C. Rhind, who had associated with him on this perilous service Lieutenant S. W. Preston, Second
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 28: savage slavery. (search)
nes, and wait until the night came down? At dusk they stole into the field, and passing through the sleeping soldiers, scalped the dying and the dead, and carried off their trophies to the camp. These were the only blows the Indians ever struck for the possession of their Negro slaves. Next day the scalpless men pvere found by burying-parties, and a cry rose up from both American camps against employment of such savages. Curtis sent a message to Van Dorn, and to avoid retaliation, the Confederate General was obliged to, order his Ied contingent to go home. Pike lost his lace and feathers, and his Creek and Cherokee warriors had to stand aside, solaced by whisky, till the White men who were quarrelling among themselves over Black rights and wrongs, had settled under the walls of Richmond whether a Redskin living on the Arkansas should, or should not, continue to hold his Black brother in a state of servitude. When Richmond fell the slaves in fifty Indian camps were free.
e fatigue. General Sherman, who is ever chary of his praise, so fully appreciated the daring and skill of this achievement, that he gave the corporal a testimonial in which he spoke of him in the highest terms. Returning to Chattanooga, he took part in the great battles of November 23-25. In a subsequent scouting expedition at the beginning of 1864, they found that o, certain rebel, Colonel W. C. Walker, who had commanded a brigade at Cumberland Gap, had returned to his home in Cherokee county, N. C., with plenary conscripting powers, and was endeavoring to force every Union man in the region into. the rebel army, committing, at the same time, great outrages on the families of the Unionists. Pike and his companions resolved to take this villain prisoner and convey him to Chattanooga. Pike's party consisted of ten scouts and a few citizens, and on New Year's night they went to Walker's house, surrounded it, and called on him to surrender. He demanded who they were, and being t
rs, James Stuart, afterwards Indian agent for the Southern division, repaired to Chotee, and agreed on terms of capitulation, In Lords of Trade, of Nov. 11, 1760 which neither party observed; and, on the morning of the eighth of August, Oconostata himself received the surrender of the fort, and sent its garrison of two hundred on their way to Carolina. The next day, at Telliquo, the fugitives were surrounded; Demere and three other officers, with twenty-three privates, were killed. The Cherokee warriors were very exact in that number, as being the amount of hostages who had been retained by Lyttleton Lieut. Gov. Bull to the Lords of Trade, 9 September, 1760. in the previous December. The rest were brought back and distributed among the tribes. Lieut. Gov. Fauquier to Lords of Trade, 17 Sept., 1760. Their English prisoners, including captives carried from the back settlements of North and South Carolina, were thought to have amounted to near three hundred souls. Lieut. Go
A party of Chickasaws and Catawbas attended as allies. On the eighth, they marched through the dreaded defiles of War-Woman's Creek, Moultrie's Memoirs of the American Revolution, II. 223. by a rocky and very narrow path between the overhanging mountain of granite and a deep precipice which had the rushing rivulet at its base. Yet they came upon no trace of the enemy, till, on the next day, they saw by the way-side, crayoned in April vermilion on a blazed forest-tree, a war-party of Cherokee braves, with a white man as a captive. On the morning of the tenth, at about half past 8, as the English army, having suffered from forced marches and rainy weather, were walking chap. XVIII.} 1761. through thick woods on the bank of the Cowhowee, or, as we call it, the Little Tennessee, about two miles from the battle-ground of Montgomery, at a place where the path runs along the foot of a mountain on the right, and near the river on the left, the Cherokees were discovered hovering ov
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