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ianos, etc. In place of the customary privations of camp, we have almost the comforts of home, with not a few of its luxuries. Don't get the idea that the rebels had taken themselves away only. They took every thing they could carry off in the time they had. Many houses had absolutely nothing in them of value to any body. St. Simon's Island is flat, but wonderfully productive and beautiful. It has never been my fortune before to see its equal. Our camp is close on to the old town of Frederica, which in its palmy days had some three thousand inhabitants. Now it has not one. The north end of the island forms Pierce Butler's plantation — Fanny Kemble's husband, and the man who had that immense auction sale of negroes several years ago. It is deserted now, save by some dozen or two darkies, once Butler's slaves. Ole massa run away, de darkies stay at home. Truly the Kingdom is coming to these poor blacks. The weather here is warm, and uniformly so. We have had nothing here y
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
the ships of the enemy pass the English batteries at the southern end of the island, he knew resistance would be in vain, so he ordered his squadron to run up to Frederica, while he spiked the guns at St. Simon's and retreated with his troops. There, waiting for reinforcements from South Carolina (which did not come), he was annoyon's. When near the camp a Frenchman in his army ran ahead, fired his musket, and deserted to the enemy. The Spaniards were aroused, and Oglethorpe fell back to Frederica, and accomplished the punishment of the deserter in a novel way. He addressed a letter to the Frenchman as a spy in the Spanish camp, telling him to represent thn for the British fleet alluded to. The Spaniards determined to attack Oglethorpe immediately, and then hasten to the defence of St. Augustine. They advanced on Frederica, along a narrow road flanked by a forest and a morass; and when within a mile of the fort Oglethorpe and his Highlanders, lying in ambush, fell upon them furious
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Oglethorpe, James Edward 1698-1785 (search)
ved to be useful, for the Spaniards at St. Augustine, jealous of the growth of the new colony, menaced them. With his martial Scotchmen, Oglethorpe went on an expedition among the islands off the coast of Georgia, and on St. Simon's he founded Frederica and built a fort. At Darien, where a few Scotch people had planted a settlement, he traced out a fortification. Then he went to Cumberland Island, and there marked out a fort that would command the mouth of the St. Mary's River. On a smallat St. Augustine to threaten war. Creek tribes offered their aid to Oglethorpe, and the Spaniards made a treaty of peace with the English. It was disapproved in Spain, and Oglethorpe was notified that a commissioner from Cuba would meet him at Frederica. They met. The Spaniard demanded the evacuation of all Georgia and a portion of South Carolina by the English, claiming the territory to the latitude of Port Royal as Spanish possessions. Oglethorpe hastened to England to confer with the trus
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
his men being sick and discouraged, raises the siege......July 20, 1740 Spanish fleet of thirty-six sail, under Governor Monteano, enters harbor of St. Simons, Ga., and after four hours engagement Oglethorpe abandons the works and retires to Frederica......July 5, 1742 After an unsuccessful attack on Frederica, Governor Monteano, scared by a decoy letter sent by Oglethorpe, and by three vessels from Charleston, sails away from Florida......July 14, 1742 Oglethorpe makes a sudden descenFrederica, Governor Monteano, scared by a decoy letter sent by Oglethorpe, and by three vessels from Charleston, sails away from Florida......July 14, 1742 Oglethorpe makes a sudden descent upon St. Augustine, but captures only a few Spaniards......March 9, 1743 Noted Indian chief Secoffee, with his tribe, settles in Alachua, about the centre of Florida; founder of the Seminole nation......1750 Don Alonzo Fernandez de Herrera appointed governor of Florida......1755 Treaty ceding east and west Florida to Great Britain in exchange for Havana and the west part of Cuba ratified......Feb. 10, 1763 Temporary command of province given to Major Ogilvie......1763 By procla
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
Island......Feb. 5, 1736 Fort on St. Simon's Island at Frederica, as marked out by Oglethorpe, begun......Feb. 19, 1736 England; the regiment, under Colonel Cochran, locating at Frederica......May 3, 1738 Many Moravian emigrants remove to Pen Oglethorpe retires from before St. Augustine and reaches Frederica about......July 20, 1740 Georgia divided into two coun: Savannah, comprising all territory north of Darien; and Frederica, covering the settlements on St. Simon's Island and the A few English ships, lands about 500 men within 4 miles of Frederica......July 5, 1742 English having abandoned Fort St. Simon, the Spanish occupy it; march against Frederica, and are driven back to an open marsh bordering on a forest, where they s incursion into Florida......March 9, 1743 Magazine at Frederica blown up......March 22, 1743 Trustees abrogate part of constitution appointing board for Frederica, and counties are consolidated; Col. William Stephens elected first president of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Westminster Abbey. (search)
ward which he would have valued more highly. A little farther on, also on the wall of the south choir aisle, is the exquisite cenotaph erected by the tolerant catholicity of Dean Stanley in honor of John and Charles Wesley. I need hardly tell The poets' corner, Westminster Abbey. an American that both of them belong, by the evangelistic labor of their lives, to America as well as to England. It is true that they went there young and untried, and that neither the work of Charles at Frederica nor of John at Savannah was marked by the wisdom and meekness of their later lives. Still, it counts for something in the history of America that the founders of the greatest religious movement of the last century preached also in the New World, and that Whitefield, who succeeded John at Savannah, made many voyages to Georgia, and now lies in his peaceful grave at Newburyport. A few steps farther will take you into the south transept, and there, in Poets' Corner, among the many busts,
There were a number of deserted plantations on the island, the most notable of which were those of T. Butler King, James E. Couper, and Pierce Butler. The latter was the husband of Fanny Kemble, and his place the one of which she wrote in her Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation, in 1838-39. All these places were neglected and abandoned, except by a few old negroes. Historically, St. Simon's Island was noted ground. Near the camp of the Fifty-fourth were the tabby walls of Frederica, founded by Governor Oglethorpe in 1736, of which John Wesley was the minister. In the centre of the island was Bloody Swamp, where the invading Spaniards were defeated July 7, 1742. It is a fact not widely known that with the Spanish force was a regiment of negroes and another of mulattoes. During the Revolution the British overran the island. On the next island to the south Lamar landed his last cargo of slaves from the Wanderer. St. Simon's had been fortified early in the Civil Wa
Folly Island, S. C., 48, 51, 52, 65, 108, 110, 134, 141, 146, 197, 199, 221, 234. Folly River, 67, 186. Forbes, John M., 11. Foster, John G., 193, 194, 195, 196, 199, 208, 211, 213, 217, 218, 230, 236, 238, 253, 261, 262, 270, 272, 274. Foster, R. M., 247, 249. Foster, R. S., 175. Foundering of the Weehawken, 140. Four Hole Swamp, S. C., 275. Four Mile House, S. C., 285. Fox, Charles B., 191, 200, 243. Framton Creek, S. C., 263, 266. Fraser, steamer, 200, 237, 238. Frederica, Ga., 45. Freeman, Edgar A., 304. Fribley, Charles W., 161. Fulton Post Office, S. C., 307. Furlong, Wesley, 10. Furloughs, 129, 135. G. G Company, 20, 38, 75, 132, 145, 148, 150, 158, 164, 183, 188, 198, 202, 215, 221, 222, 223, 231, 234, 237, 238, 245, 249, 266, 275, 286, 291, 302, 309, 310, 311, 312, 317. Gainesville, Fla., 155. Gallop's Island, Mass., 317. Galvanized Yankees, 255, 256. Gardner, Frank, 196. Gardner, John, 16. Gardner, W. M., 175. Gardner's Corners
n an old Indian field, cleared a space for the streets of Frederica; and, amidst the carols of the great numbers of Moore's t shelter for the emigrants. It was but ten miles from Frederica to the Scottish settlement at Darien. To give heart to th their aid, April 18. he explored the channels south of Frederica; and on the island to which Tomo-chichi gave the name of men regard the follies of their childhood. The people at Frederica declared to him their readiness to die in defence of the an absence of more than a year and a half, he returned to Frederica. There, 1738 Sept. by the industry of his soldiers, thee enterprise. Oglethorpe returned without molestation to Frederica. His conduct throughout the summer was a commentary on hthe island. The general signalled his ships to run up to Frederica, and, spiking the guns of the lower fort, withdrew to Jo English had abandoned. But, in constructing the road to Frederica, Oglethorpe had left a morass on the July 7 one side, an
dia, 445. Persecutes the Huguenots, II 174. War with the Five Nations, 419-423. Character of its monarchy, 467. Its rivalry with England, III. 115. Missions, 128. Contends for the fisheries and the west, 175. War with England, 176. Indian alliance, 177. War with the Iroquois, 189. Colonial boundaries, 192. Excludes England from Louisiana, 203. Sends Indians into New England, 214. Desires peace, III. 225 Extent of her possessions, 235. Builds Crown Point and Niagara forts, 341. Influence on the Ohio, 346. War with Spain, claims Texas, 353. War with the Natchez, 358. Its government of Louisiana, 364. War with the Chickasas, 365 With England, 450. Ill success of her fleets, 463. Franciscans in Maine, II. 136. Franklin, Benjamin, his character, II. 375. Defends freedom of the press, 395. His volunteer militia, 456. Frederica founded, II. 430. Frederick II., in. 452. Friends. See Quakers. Frobisher's voyages, I. 81. Frontenac's expedition, II. 182.
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