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his some felonious personage had entered-hot bread, milk, coffee, eggs, and ham, had vanished down some hungry cavalryman's throat. Mounting despondingly, I followed the column, which had again begun to move, and soon reached the village of New Salem. V. It was nearly midnight when we arrived at this small village; and, to continue my own personal recollections, the village tavern appeared to present a favourable opportunity to redeem my misfortune at Jefferson. It was proposed, aehind under similar circumstances. Doubtless the hangers-on were impressed with the conviction that in case the wandering staff-officer did not rejoin his command, General Stuart would return to look for him, torch in hand, when the village of New Salem would make its exit in a bonfire. The portly landlord, especially, appeared to be a real philosopher; and when asked the meaning of a distant noise, replied with a laugh, Some of your people tearing up the railroad, I guess! In spite of the
Good boys who to their books apply will all be great men by and by. To comprehend Mr. Lincoln fully we must know in substance not only the facts of his origin, but also the manner of his development. It will always be a matter of wonder to the American people, I have no doubt — as it has been to methat from such restricted and unpromising opportunities in early life, Mr. Lincoln grew into the great man he was. The foundation for his education was laid in Indiana and in the little town of New Salem in Illinois, and in both places he gave evidence of a nature and characteristics that distinguished him from every associate and surrounding he had. He was not peculiar or eccentric, and yet a shrewd observer would have seen that he was decidedly unique and original. Although imbued with a marked dislike for manual labor, it cannot be truthfully said of him that he was indolent. From a mental standpoint he was one of the most energetic young men of his day. He dwelt altogether in the lan
p his hat Lincoin drolly observed, It was out of respect for the eggs, not care for my hat. Having loaded the vessel with pork in barrels, corn, and hogs, these sturdy boatmen swung out into the stream. On April 19 they reached the town of New Salem, a place destined to be an important spot in the career of Lincoln. There they met with their first serious delay. The boat stranded on Rutledge's mill-dam and hung helplessly over it a day and a night. We unloaded the boat, narrated one of ved by the alternating swells and depressions of the landscape. Between peak and peak, through its bed of limestone, sand, and clay, sometimes kissing the feet of one bluff and then hugging the other, rolls the Sangamon river. The village of New Salem, which once stood on the ridge, was laid out in 1828; it became a trading place, and in 1836 contained twenty houses and a hundred inhabitants. In the days of land offices and stage-coaches it was a sprightly village with a busy market. Its p
he had few chances to pick up scraps of schooling, was beginning to read deeply in that book of human nature, the profound knowledge of which rendered him such immense service in after years. The restlessness and ambition of the village of New Salem was many times multiplied in the restlessness and ambition of Springfield, fifteen or twenty miles away, which, located approximately near the geographical center of Illinois, was already beginning to crave, if not yet to feel, its future destion debate in Congress. The speeches of Clay, Calhoun, and Webster were published in full during the following month, and Mr. Lincoln could not well help reading them and joining in the feelings and comments they provoked. While the town of New Salem was locally dying, the county of Sangamon and the State of Illinois were having what is now called a boom. Other wide-awake newspapers, such as the Missouri Republican and Louisville Journal, abounded in notices of the establishment of new sta
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 7: Franklin County. (search)
town for the payment of State aid to the families of soldiers during the years of the war, and which was afterwards repaid by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $171.87; in 1862, $2,040.00; in 1863, $3,823.26; in 1864, $2,049.75; in 1865, $879.40. Total amount, $8,964.28. The ladies of Montague raised by fairs, festivals, and contributions, about fifteen hundred dollars for the aid of the soldiers, which was sent to the Sanitary Commission in money, articles of clothing, &c. New Salem Incorporated June 15, 1753. Population in 1860, 957; in 1865, 1,115. Valuation in 1860, $347,945; in 1865, $336,476. The selectmen in 1861 were Elijah F. Porter, William Whittimore, Varnum V. Vaughan; in 1862, Elijah F. Porter, Samuel Adams, Varnum V. Vaughan; in 1863, Elijah F. Porter, Samuel Adams, Sylvanus Sibley; in 1864, Elijah F. Porter, Samuel Adams, Daniel V. Putnam; in 1865, Elijah F. Porter, Daniel V. Putnam, William S. Freeman. The town-clerk during all these years wa
a and Georgia brigade, Col. William G. Foster commanding, constituted a division, commanded by Maj.-Gen. B. F. Cheatham. Maj.-Gen. John C. Brown was placed in command of Cleburne's division. Lieutenant-General Stewart resumed command of his army corps, and no other general officer from Tennessee was assigned to duty. The army continued the march from the 10th, through Raleigh, crossed the Haw and Alamance rivers, on the 15th making a march of 15 miles; marched 12 miles on the 16th on the New Salem road and bivouacked. Richmond had been evacuated, the army of Northern Virginia under General Lee had surrendered, and on the 17th Johnston's army was confronted by overwhelming numbers. The troops were excited and full of suspense, but never more alert or obedient to orders. On the 19th it was known that a truce had been agreed upon by the commanding generals of the two armies, and terms of peace negotiated. The authorities at Washington refused to ratify the terms of settlement. On