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. Lee's army. It was supposed that the force on the Front Royal road could not be other than the enemy which we had faced during the occupancy of Winchester, or that the anticipated cavalry raid of Gen. Stuart was in progress, against either or both of which combined I could have held my position. I deemed it impossible that Lee's army, with its immense artillery and baggage trains, could have escaped from the army of the Potomac and crossed the Blue Ridge through Ashby's, Chester, and Thornton gaps in concentric columns. The movement must have occupied five or six days, and notice of its being in progress could have been conveyed to me from General Hooker's headquarters in five minutes; for telegraphic communication still existed between Baltimore and Winchester. On Friday night I doubled my pickets and kept out strong cavalry patrols on the leading roads, and I also sent a messenger to Colonel Mc-Reynolds at Berryville notifying him that the enemy was reported to be in conside
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Memorandum of information as to battles, &c., in the year 1864, called for by the Honorable Secretary of War. (search)
ded, prisoners and missing, amounted to 150,000 men. The Confederate loss probably amounted to 30,00. August to October 14 Battles at Reams' Station, Staunton River Bridge, Davis' Farm or Weldon Railroad, Fort Gilmer and the Darbytown road, in which the enemy have probably lost in killed, wounded and prisoners, 10,000. Confederate loss probably 3,500. October Price's success in Missouri. General Early reported successes in Valley, between Fisher's Hill and Strasburg, and near Thornton Gap. In addition to the foregoing, a large number of cavalry successes have been achieved by Forrest, Hampton, Wheeler, Morgan and Rosser, and brilliant partisan operations performed by Lieutenant-Colonel Mosby, resulting in the capture of many prisoners and much property from the enemy. May to September Battles between the Army of Tennessee, under General Johnston and General Hood, and the enemy, under General Sherman. These battles did not assume the form of general engagements. No
ong position on the south bank of the Rappahannock, before Burnside's pontoons arrived on the Stafford heights, on the northern bank of that river, thus frustrating the Federal plan of campaign. Jackson, who had been busy in the valley breaking up the line of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad and keeping the Federal authorities uneasy as to his whereabouts, promptly obeyed Lee's order to follow after Longstreet, but by ways farther to the westward. By making demonstrations at Chester and Thornton gaps, of the Blue ridge, he mystified those watching his movements by marching up the valley to New Market, thence taking the great highway leading across the Massanutton, the south fork of the Shenandoah, the Blue ridge at Fisher's gap and by Madison Court House, to the vicinity of Orange Court House, and thence by the road to Fredericksburg; taking but two days to reach Orange Court House. He arrived in the vicinity of Fredericksburg near the end of November, having successfully concealed
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 27. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.35 (search)
ho ordered Longstreet from Culpeper and placed him at Fredericksburg, across Burnside's track in a strong position on the south bank of the Rappahannock. Jackson's movements. Jackson, who had been busy in the Valley destroying the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and keeping the Federals in a state of uncertainty as to his whereabouts, with his usual promptness obeyed an order given him by Lee, and followed Longstreet to Fredericksburg. Making demonstrations at Chester and Thornton gaps, he misled those who were watching his movements by marching up the Valley to New Market, thence by Madison Courthouse to the vicinity of Orange Courthouse, and then by road to Fredericksburg. Both Lee and Jackson would have much preferred to meet the new commander-in-chief of the Army of the Potomac near Richmond, possibly on the south side of the North Anna, where the topography of the country was more favorable for a complete victory; where Burnside would be further away from his s
seq., 188, 328 seq. Thompson, J., VIII., 294, 300. Thompson, J. L., X. 219. Thompson, J. M., Id., 53, 54. Thompson, J. R.: Music in Camp, IX., 26, 86, 193, 194, 197. Thompson, M. J., VII., 21. Thompson, T. H., VII, 63. Thompson, W. H.: High Tide at Gettysburg, IX., 22, 214, 215, 219. Thompson Station, Tenn., II., 330. Thornburg, Va. (see also Matapony, Va.): II., 320. Thorne, U. S. S., VI, 322. Thornton, G. B., VI., 246. Thornton Gap, Va., I., 28. Thornton's House, Bull Run, Va. , L, 155. Thoroughfare Gap, Va., II, 39, 44, 46. Those Rebel flags, J. H. Jewette, IX., 330. Three Top Mountain, Va.: III., 156, 162, Confederate signals intercepted at, VIII., 326. Thurston, C. W., VII., 139. Thurston, G. P.: I., 14; III., 107. Ticknor, F. O., IX., 22, 64. Ticonderoga,, U. S. S., III., 342. Tidball, J. C.: I, 285 seq., 364; III., 76, 282; IV., 231. Tiger Lilies, S
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—Third winter. (search)
eade is making behind the line of the Blue Ridge. Therefore, he understands that he can no longer think of following the remainder of the army through Chester Gap. His resolution has been immediately taken. Johnson remains with his divison at Front Royal, in order to watch the ford where the Strasburg road crosses the south branch of the Shenandoah, and the road to Milford, which runs along the right bank of that stream. This last route will be taken at night by the divisions to reach Thornton Gap. As long as daylight lasts the enemy will be prevented, at any cost, from debouching into the valley. Early, who is too far off to arrive in time, and would run the risk of being cut off, will move on Strasburg with the trains, to follow in the shelter of Massanutten Mountain the course of the north branch of the Shenandoah, this being a considerable but necessary detour. The Federals have thus lost the opportunity of crushing Walker's brigade when it was isolated. While Ewell is m
we take Culpeper or Gordonsville, as what military writers call the "objective point," (and it is evident Lee has to make this in order to cover his line of retreat to Richmond,) it is obvious that a force moving to the east of the Blue Ridge mountains, and hugging that range will be on the shorter line as compared with a force moving down the Shenandoah Valley. Lee's route must be by way of Winchester, Strasburg, and Front Royal, and debauching, to make Culpeper, through Chester Gap or Thornton Gap. We, on the other hand, marching by way of Berlin, Wheatland, and Warrenton, have a direct line. Lee has two sides of a great triangle to describe. Meade has but one. Previous to the inauguration of the campaign last autumn it was an anxious inquiry with Gen. McClellan which of these two lines of operation he should take. He at first determined to move by the Shenandoah valley, and a reconnaissance in force was even made as far as Charlestown. This line, however, was abandoned a