yranny, as the
constitution of SicyonSee 1315b 13 n. passed from the tyranny
of Myron to that of Cleisthenes, and into oligarchy, as did that of
AntileonUnknown, cf. 1304a 29 n.
at Chalcis, and into democracy, as
that of the family of GeloSee 1302b 33
n. at Syracuse, and
into aristocracy, as that of CharilausSee
1271b 26 n. at Sparta
[and as at Carthage].This
clause seems an interpolation; cf. b 6.
And constitutions change from
oligarchy to tyranny, as did almost the greatest number of the ancient
oligarchies in Sicily, at Leontini to
the tyranny of Panaetius,See 1310b 29
n. at Gelo to that of Cleander, at Rhegium to that of Anaxilaus,Unknown. Reggio is
related to Sicily as Dover is to
France. and in many other cities similarly. And it is also a strange
idea that revolutions into oligarchy take place because the occupants of the
offices are lovers of money and engaged in money-making,
Cornelius Tacitus, The History (ed. Alfred John Church, William Jackson Brodribb), BOOK
II, chapter 50 (search)
t his boyhood
and his youth had been, we have already shewn. By two daring acts, one most
atrocious, the other singularly noble, he earned in the eyes of posterity
about an equal share of infamy and of glory. I should think it unbecoming
the dignity of the task which I
have undertaken, to collect fabulous marvels, and to amuse
with fiction the tastes of my readers; at the same time I would not venture
to impugn the credit of common report and tradition. The natives of these
parts relate that on the day when the battle was being fought at Bedriacum, a bird of unfamiliar appearance settled in a
much frequented grove near Regium Lepidum, and was
not frightened or driven away by the concourse of people, or by the
multitude of birds that flocked round it, until Otho killed himself; then it
vanished. When they came to compute the time, it was found that the
commencement and the end of this strange occurrence tallied with the last
scenes of Otho's life.
e time, he said, "I had rather be the father of Phoebe than of Julia."
In her banishment he would not allow her the use of wine, nor any luxury in dress; nor would he suffer her to be waited upon by any male servant, either freeman or slave, without his permission, and having received an exact account of his age, stature, complexion, and what marks or scars he had about him.
At the end of five years he removed her from the island [where she was confined] to the continent,
She was removed to Reggio in Calabria.
and treated her with less
severity, but could never be prevailed upon to recall her.
When the Roman people interposed on her behalf several times with much importunity, all the reply he gave
was: "I wish you had all such daughters and wives as
she is." He likewise forbad a child, of which his granddaughter Julia was delivered after sentence had passed
against her, to be either owned as a relation, or brought
up. Agrippa, who was equally intractable, and whose
folly increased eve