Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Canada (Canada) or search for Canada (Canada) in all documents.

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lliant; but his inheritance of the rank and fortune of his elder brother gave him political consideration. In 1744, he had entered the Pelham ministry as First Lord of the Admiralty, bringing with him to that board George Grenville and the Earl of Sandwich. In that station his orders to Warren contributed essentially to the conquest of Louisburg. Thus his attention was drawn to the New World as the scene of his own glory. In the last war he had cherished the darling project of conquering Canada, and the great and practicable views for America were said by Pitt to have sprung from him alone. Proud of his knowledge of trade, and accustomed to speak readily on almost every subject, he entered without distrust on the administration of a continent. Of the two dukes, who, at this epoch of the culminating power of the aristocracy, guided the external policy of England, each hastened the independence of America. Newcastle, who was childless, depended on office for all his pleasure;—Be
, July, 1748. They resolved to have no French within their borders, nor even to send deputies to Canada, but to leave to English mediation the recovery of their brethren from captivity. It was announurged an earnest application to the king so far to interpose, as that, whilst the French were in Canada, the remoter colonies which were not immediately exposed, might be obliged to contribute in a ju that Acadia included only the peninsula; before the restoration of Cape Breton, an officer from Canada had occupied the isthmus between Baye Verte and the Bay of Fundy; a small colony kept possession of the Six Nations as a bulwark essential to security, La Galissoniere, the governor-general of Canada, insisted on treating with them as the common allies of the French and English; La Galissoniehus, while France, with the unity of a despotic central power, was employing all its strength in Canada to make good its claims to an extended frontier, Halifax signalized his coming into office by pl
issaries, 21 September, and an explanatory Memorial, 16 November, 1750. There existed in France statesmen who thought Canada itself an incumbrance, difficult to be defended, entailing expenses more than benefits. But La Galissoniere La Galissis was in a delightful climate, an open prairie, waiting for the plough; that, considering the want of maritime strength, Canada and Louisiana were the bulwarks of France in America against English ambition. De Puysieux, the French minister for foreament, were alike chap. III.} 1750. developed in connection with the necessity of resisting encroachments on the side of Canada. The unity of the French system of administration promised success by ensuring obedience to one council and one voice. ures had just been exchanged, Gist in Pownall, 12, 13. when four Ottawas drew near with a present from the governor of Canada, were admitted at once to the council, and desired a renewal of friendship with their chap. III.} 1751. fathers, the Fr
otives of economy, refused to ratify the treaty which Croghan had negotiated at Picqua, while the proprietaries Thomas Penn to Governor Hamilton, 25 February, 1751. of that province openly denied their liability to contribute to Indian or any other expenses; Hamilton's Message to the Pennsylvania Assembly, 21 August, 1751, in Hazard, IV. 235. and sought to cast the burden of a Western fort on the equally reluctant people of Virginia. New York could but remonstrate with the governor of Canada. Clinton to La Jonquiere, 12 June, 1751. The deputies of the Six Nations were the first to manifest zeal. At the appointed time in July, they came down to Albany to renew their covenant chain; and to chide the inaction of the English, which was certain to leave the wilderness to France. When the congress, which Clinton had invited to meet the Iroquois, assembled at Albany, South Carolina came also, Drayton's South Carolina, 94 and 239. Clinton to Bedford, 17 July, 1751, in New
ain. We will take this belt to Onondaga, where our council-fire always burns, and keep it so securely that neither the thunderbolt nor the lightning shall break it. Strengthen yourselves, and bring as many as you can into this covenant chain. You desired us to open our minds and hearts to you, added the indignant brave. Look at the French; they are men; they are fortifying every where. But, we are ashamed to say it, you are like women, without any fortifications. It is but one step from Canada hither, and the French may easily come and turn you out of doors. The distrust of the Six Nations was still stronger than was expressed. Though presents in unusual chap. V.} 1754. abundance had been provided, and a general invitation had been given, but one hundred and fifty warriors appeared. Half of the Onandagas had withdrawn, and joined the settlement formed at Oswegatchie under French auspices. Even Mohawks went to the delegates from Massachusetts to complain of fraudulent trans
,000; to New Hampshire, 75,000. The white population of any one of five, or perhaps even of six of the American provinces, was greater singly than that of all Canada, and the aggregate in America exceeded that in Canada fourteen fold. Of persons of African lineage the home was chiefly determined by climate. New Hampshire, Canada fourteen fold. Of persons of African lineage the home was chiefly determined by climate. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Maine may have had three thousand negroes; Rhode Island, four thousand five hundred; Connecticut, three thousand five hundred; all New England, therefore, about eleven thousand. New York alone had not far from eleven thousand; O'Callaghan's Documentary History of New-York, III., 843. New Jersey, about halunion. Having the most convenient harbor on the Atlantic, with bays expanding on either hand, and a navigable river penetrating the interior, it held the keys of Canada and the Lakes. Crown Point and Niagara, monuments of French ambition, were encroachments upon its limits. Its unsurveyed inland frontier, sweeping round on the n
he same time it was seen that the people of America, if they would act in concert, could advance the English flag through Canada and to the Mississippi; and, as a measure of security against French encroachments, Halifax, by the king's command, Sigulars with three hundred thousand pounds, to New England, to train its inhabitants in war, and, through them, to conquer Canada. After assuming the hero, and breathing nothing but war, the administration confessed its indecision; and in October, whs Doc., x., 44. to shun effusion of blood, and to employ Indian war-parties only when indispensable to tranquillity. Yet Canada, of which the population was but little above eighty thousand, sought security by Indian alliances. Chiefs of the Six Na N. Y. Paris Documents, XI. 2. consenting that New England should reach on the east to the Penobscot, and be divided from Canada on the north by the crest of the intervening highlands. Secret Instructions to Vandreuil, 1 April, 1754, Ibid. x. 8.
ted under ratified treaties; it was proposed not to invade Canada, but only to repel encroachments on the frontier from the rope, the French also sent a fleet with reinforcements for Canada, under the veteran Dieskau. Boscawen, with English ships, with De Vaudreuil, who superseded Duquesne as governor of Canada, landed at Quebec, Vaudreuil was a Canadian by birth, had served in Canada, and been governor of Louisiana. The Canadians flocked about him to bid him welcome. From Williamsburg,n anticipated. All looks well, wrote Morris; the force of Canada has vanished away in an instant; and of a sudden the news at they might rise in behalf of France, or seek shelter in Canada, or convey provisions to the French garrisons, they were ds at Miramichi, presented to De Vaudreuil, the Governor of Canada, in July 1756. Compare Lieut. Gov. Belcher to Lords of Tres. Gov. Lawrence to Lords of Trade, 11 May, 1760. When Canada surrendered, hatred with its worst venom pursued the fift
egulars, sixteen hundred Canadians, and seven hundred savages had assembled. Of these, three hundred or more were emigrants from the Six Nations, domiciliated in Canada. Eager for distinction, Dieskau, taking with him six hundred savages, as many Canadians, and two hundred regular troops, ascended Lake Champlain to its head, and the American career of the fearless Dieskau. In June his eye had first rested on the cliff of Quebec; he had sailed proudly up the stream which was the glory of Canada; had made his way to the highland sources of the Sorel; and now, mangled and helpless, lay a prisoner within the limits of the pretended French dominion. Dieskns, and their fluctuating tenure of office made it difficult to mature novel or daring measures of legislation. There existed no central will, that could conquer Canada, or subvert the liberties of America. A majority of the Treasury Board, as well as the Board of Trade, favored American taxation by act of parliament; none scr
ile flushed with success. If it had been made on the provincials alone, it would, he complacently asserted, have been followed with very fatal consequences. Provincials had, it was true, saved the remnant of Braddock's army; provincials had conquered Acadia; provincials had defeated Dieskau; but Abercrombie and his chief sheltered their own imbecility under complaints of America. After wasting a few more weeks in busy inactivity, Loudoun, whose forces could have penetrated to the heart of Canada, left the French to construct a fort at Ticonderoga, and dismissed the provincials to their homes, the regulars to winter quarters. Of the latter, a thousand were sent to New York, where free quarters for the officers were demanded of the city. The demand was resisted by the mayor, as contrary to the laws of England and the liberties of America. Free quarters are everywhere usual, answered the commanderin-chief; I assert it on my honor, which is the highest evidence you can require; and h
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