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overnor of Massachusetts, the benefactor of Rhode Island, the ever-faithful friend of New England, aNew Chap XI.} 1660 Haven, not less than of Rhode Island, proclaimed the new king, and acted in his ; Puritans, and Quakers, and the freemen of Rhode Island, Roger Williams's Letters, in Knowles. w of Charles II. The probable population of Rhode Island, at the time of its reception, may have beeenvy the reputation of states. The laws of Rhode Island, which had been repeatedly revised by commids, and find that the people of Chap. XI.} Rhode Island, on accepting their charter, affirmed the gone single authority in the printed laws of Rhode Island. The broad terms embrace not Roman Catholicave not been wanting those who have charged Rhode Island with persecuting the Quakers. The calumny I. 97; Knowles, 324, 325. Once, indeed, Rhode Island was betrayed into Chap. XI.} inconsistencyossessed far stronger claims for favor than Rhode Island and Con- 1661. April 30. necticut; and Sir[10 more...]
s rejected. He that will not attend to the request, said Cartwright, is a traitor. The nature of the government of Rhode Island, its habitual policy of relying on England for protection, secured to the royal agents in that province a less unfavornecticut, nearly fourteen thousand; Massachusetts proper, more than twenty-two thousand; and Maine, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, each perhaps four thousand. The settlements were chiefly agricultural communities, planted near the sea-side, from Nlymouth, never from the first peopled by many Indians, seems to have had less than eight thousand. In Connecticut and Rhode Island, never depopulated by wasting sickness, the Mohegans, the Chap. XII.} 1675. Narragansetts, the Pokanokets, and kindrasoit——he who had welcomed the Pilgrims to the soil of New England, and had opened his cabin to shelter the founder of Rhode Island—now slept with his fathers; and his son, Philip of Pokanoket, had succeeded him as chief over allied tribes. Repeated<
outh, and more than forty degrees from east to west; comprising all the territory of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, much of Florida and Missouri, nearly all of Texas, and a large portion of Mexico. The soil, and, under the limitation of a nominal allegiance, the sovereignty also, were theirs, with the power of legislation, subject to the consent of the future freemen of the colony. The grant of privileges was ample, like those to Rhode Island and Connecticut. An express clause in the charter for Carolina opened the way for religious freedom; another held out to the proprietaries a hope of revenue from colonial customs, to be imposed in colonial ports by Carolina legislatures; another gave them the power of erecting cities and manors, counties and baronies, and of establishing orders of nobility, with other than English titles. It was evident that the founding of an empire was contemplated; for the power to levy troops, to er
e territory of Virginia; for the colony he did not secure one franchise. It merits remark that, even at the hands of Charles ii., the democratic colonies of Rhode Island and Connecticut received greater favor than Virginia. The king employed the loyalty of Virginia to its injury. For more than a year the navigation act, whi New World, and his benevolent designs were the results of his own moderation, the fruit of his personal character, without regard to the spirit of his age. In Rhode Island, intellectual freedom was a principle which Roger Williams had elicited from the sympathies of the people; in Maryland, it was the happy thought of the sovereign, who did not know that ideas find no secure shelter but in the breast of the multitude. The people are less easily shaken than the prince. Rhode Island never lost the treasure of which it had become conscious. The principle of freedom of mind did not exist in the people of Maryland, and, therefore, like the benevolence of in
ther; and he heard tales of the Horicans, who dwelt in the west, and moved over lakes in bark canoes. The Pequods he found on the banks of their river. At Montauk Point, then occupied by a savage nation, he reached the ocean, proving the land east of the Sound to be an island. Thus far he was a discoverer. The island which bears his name, Verazzano, nearly a century before, had named Claudia. After exploring both channels of the island, which owes to him the name of Roode Eiland, now Rhode Island, the mariner from Holland imposed the names of places in his native land on groups in the Atlantic, which, years before, Gosnold and other English navigators had visited. The Unrest sailed beyond Cape Cod, and while John Smith was making maps of the bays and coasts of Maine and Massachusetts, Adriaen Block traced the shore as far at least as Nahant. Then leaving the American-built yacht at Cape Cod, to be used by Cornelis Hendricksen in the fur-trade, Block sailed in Christiaensen's shi
ed; there was nothing before him but contests for quitrents with settlers resolved on governing themselves; and in March, 1674, a few 1674 Mar. 18. months after the return of George Fox from his pilgrimage to all our colonies from Carolina to Rhode Island, the haughty peer, for a thousand pounds, sold the moiety of New Jersey to Quakers, to John Fenwick in trust for Edward Byllinge and his assigns. A dispute between Byllinge and Fenwick was allayed by the benevolent decision of William Penn; ath-bed, the venerable apostle of equality 1691 Jan. 13. was lifted above the fear of dying, and, esteeming the change hardly deserving of mention, his thoughts turned to the New World. Pennsylvania, arid Delaware, and West New Jersey, and now Rhode Island, and in some measure North Carolina, were Quaker states; as his spirit, awakening from its converse with shadows, escaped from the exile of fallen humanity, nearly his last words were—Mind poor Friends in America. His works praise him. Neithe
rom the first, com- 1687 prehended all New England. Against the charter of Rhode Island a writ of quo warranto had been issued. The judgment against Massachusetts blessed memory. Flowers were strown on the tomb of Nero; and the colony of Rhode Island had cause to bless the memory of Charles II. Soon after the arrival of Andrrnor, Chalmers, 421. insisted on waiting for a fitter season. Repairing to Rhode Island, Andros dissolved its government and 1687 Jan. 12. broke its seal; five of evident from the Chap. XVII.} records. It was pretended that the people of Rhode Island were satisfied, and did not so much as petition for their charter again. The royalists had pretended that the Quaker Lambeth Mss 841. grandees of Rhode Island had imbibed nothing of Quakerism but its indifference to forms, and did not , employed the last glimmerings of life to restore the democratic charter of Rhode Island. Once more its free government is organized: its seal is renewed; the symbo
es of our Union. At the period of the great European revolution of 1688, they contained not very many beyond two hundred thousand inhabitants, of whom Massachusetts, with Plymouth and Maine, may have had forty-four thousand; New Hampshire and Rhode Island, with Providence, each six thousand; Connecticut, from seventeen to twenty thousand; that is, all New England, seventy-five thousand souls; Neal, II. 601. Sir Wm. Petty, 75, says 150,000. Brattle says, in 1708, in N. England, from 100 to 1the forms of truth may perish; truth itself is immortal. God will be ordinances to us. The exiled doctrine, which established conscience as the highest court of Wheelwright. appeal, fled to the island gift of Miantonomoh; and the records of Rhode Island, like the beautiful career of Henry Vane, are the commentary on the true import of the creed. Faith in predestination alone divided the Antinomians from the Quakers. Both reverenced and obeyed the voice of conscience in its freedom. The n