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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War. 22 0 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2. 12 0 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 10 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 4. (ed. Frank Moore) 10 0 Browse Search
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler 10 0 Browse Search
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War 8 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore) 6 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 4 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the Confederate States Navy. (search)
bled and colors down. Pope's army having been safely crossed by the Carondelet, moved on the rear of No. 10, and in a few days that place with all its fine ordnance and several thousand men surrendered to the enemy. Our fleet steamed down the river, and anchored under the guns of Fort Pillow, the next fortified place below. News now reached us that the fleets of Farragut and Porter had entered the Mississippi river, and had commenced to throw their mortar shells into Forts Jackson and Saint Phillip. Commodore Hollins telegraphed to the Secretary of the Navy for permission to go with all the vessels of his fleet to the assistance of the forts below New Orleans. The Secretary replied to Commodore Hollins to remain where he was, and to harrass the enemy as much as possible. The Commodore answered that as all of the enemy's gun-boats on the upper Mississippi were iron-clad, while those on the lower river were wood like our own, he was of the opinion that he could be of more service w
are yet but on the threshold of the irrepressible conflict between nature and necessity. To the natural impressibility of the southron, the Louisianian adds the enthusiasm of the Frenchman. At the first call of the governor for troops, there had been readiest response; and here, as in Alabama, the very first young men of the state left office and countingroom and college to take up the musket. Two regiments of regulars, in the state service, were raised to man the forts-Jackson and St. Philip --that guarded the passes below the city. These were composed of the stevedores and workingmen generally, and were officered by such young men as the governor and council deemed best fitted. The Levee had been scoured and a battalion of Tigers formed from the very lowest of the thugs and plugs that infested it, for Major Bob Wheat, the well-known filibuster. Poor Wheat! His roving spirit still and his jocund voice now mute, he sleeps soundly under the sighing trees of Hollywood-that
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The opening of the lower Mississippi. (search)
ment fairly commenced, each mortar-vessel having orders to fire once in-ten minutes. The moment that the mortars belched forth their shells, both Jackson and St. Philip replied with great fury; but it was some time before they could obtain our range, as we were well concealed behind our natural rampart. The enemy's fire was raoceeded as rapidly as their steam-power would permit, our leading vessel, the Cayuga, did not get under fire until a quarter of 3 o'clock, when both Jackson and St. Philip opened on her at the same moment. Five steamers of the mortar-flotilla took their position below the water-battery of Fort Jackson, at a distance of less than r. In his official report, dated April 30th, 1862, he says: On the 28th a flag of truce came on board the Harriet Lane proposing to surrender Jackson and St. Philip on the terms offered. Editors. General Duncan told me that he had no authority whatever over the naval vessels, and that, in fact, Commander Mitchell, of the r
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Fighting Farragut below New Orleans. (search)
ice, and the officer of the deck and myself were always at hand. The evening previous to the battle I reported to General Duncan, the commander of the two forts, my observations on the enemy's movements as seen by myself from the mast-head. Yet to my knowledge no picket boat was sent down by us, or any means adopted to watch the enemy and guard against surprise. Commander Mitchell, in his testimony before the Confederate Court of Inquiry, states that launch No. 6 was stationed below St. Philip as a guard-boat, but on the enemy's approach deserted her station.--Editors. The result was they were abreast the forts before some of our vessels fired a shot. In a few moments this space was filled with smoke from the guns and exploded shells, intensifying the darkness of the night. A slackening of the fire on both sides was necessary, since neither could distinguish friend from foe. In some places no object was distinguishable until directly upon it, when it was as soon lost to view,
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The ram Manassas at the passage of the New Orleans forts. (search)
here is no possible question. Captain Craven's and Commander Bartlett's testimony is absolutely conclusive. (10) Lieutenant Warley must be mistaken in stating that Captain Mahan informed him that his vessel struck the Hartford. Mahan in his book [pp. 76 and 77] does not mention any ramming of the Hartford by the Manassas. His statements are such that if he had supposed the Manassas rammed the Hartford he could not have omitted it. He says of the Hartford: She took the ground close under St. Philip, the raft lying on her port quarter, against which it was pushed by the tug Mosher, adding in a foot-note, As this feat has been usually ascribed to the Manassas, it may be well to say that the statement in the text rests on the testimony of the commander of the ram, as well as other evidence. He closes his description of this episode by saying:. Then working herself clear, the Hartford passed from under their fire. Finally he gives a minute description of the ramming of the Brooklyn by
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Confederate responsibilities for Farragut's success. (search)
, few of them having ever seen a cannon fired. In his account of the capitulation in the cabin of the Harriet Lane, Admiral Porter says: As we were about to sign the terms, I was quite surprised to find that it was not expected that the vessels of war were to be included in the terms agreed to by the Confederate officers. Surprised, indeed! when that very morning Colonel Higgins had sent his letter of the same day (April 28th), offering the surrender of these forts (Jackson and St. Philip), which he commanded; and closing with the words, we have no control over the vessels afloat. [See note, p. 51.] Moreover, in the terms presented to Duncan when he went on board, which the Admiral says he had prepared before, nothing is said of the surrender of the naval forces. Such a contradictory statement, however, has its parallel in the assertion as to the effect of the explosion of the Louisiana, that it fairly shook us all out of our seats and threw the Harriet Lane over on her
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 12: the inauguration of President Lincoln, and the Ideas and policy of the Government. (search)
e new Administration came into power, of all the fortifications within the Slave-labor States, only Fortress Monroe, and Forts Jefferson, Taylor, and Pickens, remained in possession of the Government. The seized forts were sixteen in number. The following are the names and locations of the seized forts:--Pulaski and Jackson, at Savannah; Morgan and Gaines, at Mobile; Macon, at Beaufort, North Carolina; Caswell, at Oak Island, North Carolina; Moultrie and Castle Pinckney, at Charleston; St. Philip, Jackson, Pike, Macomb, and Livingston, in Louisiana; and McRee, Barrancas, and a redoubt in Florida. They had cost the Government about seven millions of dollars, and bore an aggregate of one thousand two hundred and twenty-six guns. All the arsenals in the Cotton-growing States had been seized. That at Little Rock, the capital of the State of Arkansas, was taken possession of by the militia of that State, under the direction of the disloyal Governor Rector, on the 5th of February. The
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 18: capture of forts Jackson and St. Philip, and the surrender of New Orleans. (search)
pnel, and grape, while the mortars threw in their bombs with great fury. Captain Bailey's division, led by the Cayuga, passed the line of obstructions in close order, but from this point the vessels were somewhat damaged by the heavy fire of St. Philip before it was possible for them to reply. Captain Bailey kept on steadily in the Cayuga and ran the Farragut's fleet proceeding up the Mississippi River past forts Jackson and St. Philip. Porter's mortar flotilla in the foreground (dressed to have swept the way. The gunners of Fort St. Philip were driven to shelter by the heavy batteries of the Pensacola and Mississippi, and the difficulties of the rear ships diminished. Most of the injuries inflicted upon the fleet were from St. Philip, which had not been exposed to the bombardment as had Fort Jackson. The Flag-officer, in the centre division, came abreast the forts as Bailey's division reached the turn in the river above. The Hartford and Brooklyn kept the line, but the
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 19: battle of the forts and capture of New Orleans. (search)
eyond, both forts opened their fire. When close up with St. Philip we opened with grape and canister, still steering on. Af above the boom when we were discovered, and Jackson and St. Philip opened upon us. We could bring no gun to bear, but steeruck from stem to stern. At length we were close up with St. Philip, when we opened with grape and canister. Scarcely were , soon after the action between our fleet and the forts, St. Philip and Jackson, commenced, in consequence of the darkness oe from the fire-raft, I suddenly found myself abreast of St. Philip, and so close that the leadsman in the starboard chains a shell, on that day, the heaviest rifle gun they had on St. Philip, breaking it in two, and it annoyed us no more. I did nard the Harriet Lane, proposing to surrender Jackson and St. Philip on the terms proposed, and I immediately proceeded to thhad, comparatively, an easy time of it. I felt sure that St. Philip would surrender the moment Jackson hauled down the seces
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 20: a brave officer's mortification.--history set right. (search)
en called by Rear-Admiral Bailey to an incorrect sketch which accompanied my report of May 6, 1862, upon the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, I have the honor to forward herewith a corrected diagram, showing the position of the vessels at the time they passed through the obstructions after the chains had been separated. This will demonstrate that Rear-Admiral (then Captain) Bailey led the fleet in the Cayuga, up to the attack on the forts, as had been previously ordered, he taking St. Philip with his division, while I reserved Jackson for the remainder of the squadron under my command. The skeleton lines show how the vessels moved up from their original position of two lines into the line ahead. This correction has not been made before, because I was not aware of the existence of the mistake — the diagram being evidently a clerical error — and in opposition to the text, in which I distinctly state that Rear-Admiral Bailey not only led, but performed his duty with great g
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