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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1885 AD or search for 1885 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brown, Benjamin Gratz, -1885 (search)
Brown, Benjamin Gratz, -1885 Born in Lexington, Ky., May 28. 1826: graduated at Yale in 1847; and settled in St. Louis, where he edited the Missouri Democrat. He assisted in preventing the secession of Missouri, and was elected to the United States Senate in 1863, and governor of the State in 1871. He was the candidate for Vice-President on the Greeley ticket in 1872. He died in St. Louis, Dec. 13, 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cables, Ocean (search)
ewfoundland, in the summer of 1873, and a few months later the Brazilian telegraph cable was laid from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to a bay on the coast of Portugal. In 1874 the Direct United States Cable Company was formed and laid a line from Ballenskilligs Bay, Ireland, to Rye, N. H., via Nova Scotia. The same year a sixth line across the Atlantic was laid from Ireland to Newfoundland. Another French line was laid from Brest to St. Pierre, an island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in 1880. The companies owning all these lines having formed a combination and pooled their receipts, to keep up rates on the transmission of messages, a competing company was formed by James Gordon Bennett and John W. Mackay. This laid in 1884-85 two lines from Ireland to Nova Scotia, having also a connecting line from Ireland to France. In 1900 plans were perfected for a Pacific cable, to extend from San Francisco to Honolulu, thence to Wake Island, Guam Island, and Manila, all United States possessions.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
883 to 1887 Washington Bartlett1887 Robert W. Waterman1887 to 1891 Henry H. Markhan1891 to 1895 J. H. Budd1895 to 1899 Henry T. Gage1899 to 1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of CongressTerm. John C. Fremont31st1849 to 1851 William M. Gwin31st to 36th1849 to 1861 John B. Weller32d to 34th1851 to 1857 David C. Broderick35th to 36th1857 to 1859 Henry P. Hann36th1859 Milton S. Latham36th to 37th1860 to 1863 James A. McDougall37th to 39th1861 to 1867 John Conners38th to 40th1863 to 1869 Cornelius Cole40th to 42d1867 to 1873 Eugene Casserly41st to 43d1869 to 1873 John S. Hager43d1874 Aaron A. Sargent43d to 45th1873 to 1879 Newton Booth44th to 46th1875 to 1881 James T. Farley46th to 48th1879 to 1885 John F. Miller47th to 49th1881 to 1887 Leland Stanford49th to 53d1885 to 1893 George Hearst50th to 51st1887 to 1891 Charles N. Felton52d to 53d1891 to 1893 Stephen M. White53d to 56th1893 to 1899 George C. Perkins53d1893 to —— Thomas R. Bard56th to ——1899
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cannon, (search)
the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Gatling rapid-firing gun, from five to ten barrels around one common axis; tenbarrel Gatling discharges 1,200 shots a minute; range, 3,000 yds.; invented in 1861. S. B. Dean, of South Boston Iron Company, patents a process of rough boring bronze guns and forcibly expanding the bore to its finished size by means of mandrels, 1869. Pneumatic dynamite torpedo-gun built and mounted at Fort Lafayette (founded on invention of D. M. Mefford, of Ohio), 1885. Congress makes an appropriation for the establishment of a plant for gunmaking at the Watervliet arsenal, West Troy, 1889. Manufacture of heavy ordnance begun at the Washington navy-yard, 1890. Hotchkiss gun, English make, five barrels, revolving around a common axis, placed upon block weighing about 386 tons, fires thirty rounds a minute; adopted by the United States in 1891. Automatic rapid-firing gun, invented by John and Matthew Browning, of Ogden, Utah; firing 400 shots in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Census, United States (search)
provided for from railways, to ascertain their condition, business, etc.; also, similar information was asked for in regard to express and telegraph companies; experts were employed in place of the enumerators to collect social and manufacturing statistics. General Walker was appointed superintendent of the census April 1, 1879; resigned Nov. 3, 1881; and was succeeded by Charles W. Seaton, who died before the work was completed. The office of superintendent of the census was abolished in 1885, and was re-established by the act of March 1, 1889. Robert P. Porter was appointed superintendent of the Population of the United States in 1890 and 1900. States and Territories.Population.Increase Since 1900.1890.1890. Alabama1,828,6971,513,017315,680 Alaska63,44132,05231,389 Arizona122,93159,62063,311 Arkansas1,311,5641,128,179183,385 California1,485,0531,208,130276,923 Colorado539,70041,2,198127,502 Connecticut908,355746,258162,097 Delaware184,735168,49316,242 District of Co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chamberlain, Joseph 1836- (search)
Chamberlain, Joseph 1836- Statesman; born in London, England, in 1836; educated at the University College School, in London: and was mayor of Birmingham in 1870-75. He was elected to Parliament from Birmingham as a Liberal Unionist in 1875, and has since held his seat; was president of the Board of Trade in Joseph Chamberlain. 1880-85; president of the Local Government Board in 1886; one of the British commissioners to settle the North American fisheries dispute in 1887, and lord rector of Glasgow University. In 1895 he became Secretary of State for the Colonies, and has since held the post. During 1898, and especially when the international troubles concerning China were thickening, he made several notable speeches, voicing a widespread sentiment in Great Britain that there should be a closer understanding between the United States and Great Britain touching their various commercial interests. In 1888 he married Mary, daughter of William C. Endicott, Secretary of War in P
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chandler, William Eaton (search)
e New Hampshire Supreme Court in 1859; was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1862-1864, being twice elected speaker. In 1865 President Lincoln appointed him judge-advocate-general of the navy, and soon afterwards he was made Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. He resigned in 1867, and began practising law in New Hampshire. During the Presidential campaigns of 1868, 1872, and 1876 he rendered effective work for the Republican party as secretary of the National Republican Committee. After the campaign of 1876 he was active in the investigation of the electoral counting in Florida and South Carolina; and in 1878-79 was an important witness in the cipher despatch investigation. He was appointed solicitor-general of the United States, March 23, 1881, but his nomination was rejected by the Senate; and in 1882-85 was Secretary of the Navy. In 1887 he was elected United States Senator to fill a vacancy; in 1889 and 1895 was re-elected; and in 1900 was defeated.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cleveland, Grover 1837- (search)
Cleveland, Grover 1837- Twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States, from 1885 to 1889, and from 1893 to 1897; Democrat; born in Caldwell, Essex co., N. J., March 18, 1837. After some experience as a clerk and some labor on the compilation of the American herd book, he became a bank clerk in Buffalo, and was admitted to the bar in 1859. From 1863 to 1865 he was assistant district-attorney, and in 1870 he was elected sheriff of Erie county and served three years. Elected mayor of Buffalo in 1881, he attracted during the first few months of his term more than local notice, and was the Democratic candidate for governor of New York in 1882. One of the successful nominees in this tidal-wave Democratic year, Mr. Cleveland received the phenomenal majority of 192,000, and entered office in January, 1883. His administration of affairs at Albany secured the presentation of his name to the democratic National Convention in 1884. He was nominated; and elected, after a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colman, Norman J. (search)
Colman, Norman J. Agriculturalist; born near Richfield Springs, N. Y., in 1827; began the practice of law in New Albany, Ind., and the editing of an agricultural paper in St. Louis, Mo., in 1871. He was elected lieutenant-governor as a Democrat in 1874, and was appointed by President Cleveland United States Commissioner of Agriculture in 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colorado (search)
uel H. Elbert1873-74President Grant Edward M. McCook1874-75President Grant John L. Routt1875-76President Grant State governors. Name. Term. John L. Routt 1876 to 1878 Fred. W. Pitkin1879 to 1882 James B. Grant1883 to 1886 Benj. H. Eaton 1885 to 1886 Alvah Adams 1887 to 1888 Job A. Cooper 1889 to 1890 John L. Routt1891 to 1893 Davis H. Waite 1893 to 1895 A. W. McIntyre 1895 to 1897 Alvah Adams 1897 to 1899 Charles S. Thomas 1899 to 1901 James B. Orman 1901 to 1903 United Stutt1891 to 1893 Davis H. Waite 1893 to 1895 A. W. McIntyre 1895 to 1897 Alvah Adams 1897 to 1899 Charles S. Thomas 1899 to 1901 James B. Orman 1901 to 1903 United States senators. Name. No. of Congress. Term. Jerome B. Chaffee44th to 45th1876 to 1879 Henry M. Teller44th to 47th 1877 to 1883 Nathaniel P. Hill46th to 48th1879 to 1885 Thomas M. Bowen48th to 50th1883 to 1889 Henry M. Teller 49th 1885 to — Edward O. Wolcott51st to 57th1889 to 1901 Thomas Patterson57th to —1901
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