Browsing named entities in John G. Nicolay, A Short Life of Abraham Lincoln, condensed from Nicolay and Hayes' Abraham Lincoln: A History. You can also browse the collection for James Shields or search for James Shields in all documents.

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e function of the politician, therefore, is one of continuous watchfulness and activity, and he must have intimate knowledge of details if he would work out grand results. Activity in politics also produces eager competition and sharp rivalry. In 1839 the seat of government was definitely transferred from Vandalia to Springfield, and there soon gathered at the new State capital a group of young men whose varied ability and future success in public service has rarely been excelled-Douglas, Shields, Calhoun, Stuart, Logan, Baker, Treat, Hardin, Trumbull, McClernand, Browning, McDougall, and others. His new surroundings greatly stimulated and reinforced Mr. Lincoln's growing experience and spreading acquaintance, giving him a larger share and wider influence in local and State politics. He became a valued and sagacious adviser in party caucuses, and a power in party conventions. Gradually, also, his gifts as an attractive and persuasive campaign speaker were making themselves fel
bringing such a frame of mind to a happier conclusion. James Shields, afterward a general in two wars and a senator from twotime auditor of Illinois, with his office at Springfield. Shields was an Irishman by birth, and, for an active politician oftune to be both sensitive and irascible in party warfare. Shields, together with the Democratic governor and treasurer, issu the scheme more to poke fun at the personal weaknesses of Shields than for the sake of party effect, and they embellished thl allusions to the auditor that put the town on a grin and Shields into fury. The fair and mischievous writers found it neceern by writing the first letter of the series himself. Shields sent a friend to the. editor of the Journal, and demanded nd not to mention the ladies. Then followed a letter from Shields to Lincoln demanding retraction and apology, Lincoln's rept he declined to answer under menace, and a challenge from Shields. Thereupon Lincoln instructed his friend as follows: If f
f McClellan's army, under instructions, however, always to be in readiness to interpose his force against any attempt of the enemy to march upon Washington. This campaign of Stonewall Jackson's has been much lauded by military writers; but its temporary success resulted from good luck rather than military ability. Rationally considered, it was an imprudent and even reckless adventure that courted and would have resulted in destruction or capture had the junction of forces under McDowell, Shields, and Fremont, ordered by President Lincoln, not been thwarted by the mistake and delay of Fremont. It was an episode that signally demonstrated the wisdom of the President in having retained McDowell's corps for the protection of the national capital. That, however, was not the only precaution to which the President had devoted his serious attention. During the whole of McClellan's Richmond campaign he had continually borne in mind the possibility of his defeat, and the eventualities