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Middlesex County (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
Mass. Col. Rec., i. 190. All these exhibited a military spirit. Captain Cooke was one of the earliest members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in 1638-9, was its captain in 1643, and when a similar company was incorporated in Middlesex County, May 14, 1645, he was its first captain. Having performed faithfully many military and civil services here, He was a member and Speaker of the House of Deputies, and served on many of its important committees. he returned to England neary training hereafter. Ibid., II. 217. About this time Daniel Gookin removed to Cambridge, and probably was the next Captain of the trainband, of which he retained the command about forty years. He was commander-in-chief of the militia in Middlesex County during that terrible contest which is generally denominated Philip's War, or the Narragansett War, even before he attained the rank of Sergeant-major. He came from Virginia to Boston, May 20, 1644, being then styled Captain; he resided in
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
ol. Rec., i. 187. Both were Cambridge men; the former had been Governor of Massachusetts, and was afterwards for many years Governor of Connecticut; the latter was the country's service and still resided here, had command of forty men from Massachusetts, but seems not to have arrived until after the principal battle ended.—Massl; Thomas Oliver, Esq., Lieut. Colonel of the 1st Regiment in Middlesex; Massachusetts Spy, August 1, 1771. and in the same year, Thomas Gardner became Capt. Lieuding to a List of Colonels of the several Regiments raised by the Colony of Massachusetts, dated Oct. 18, 1775, it appears that the regiments composing the centre (eore than $30,000, for the benefit of soldiers and their families. When the Massachusetts Soldiers' Relief Association was formed at Washington, Aug. 11, 1862, its fed, however, Mr. Bliss was appointed by the Senators and Representatives of Massachusetts in Congress to visit and relieve the sick and wounded soldiers. As their a
Mystick River (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
eneral Mifflin's Headquarters were at the Brattle House. Immediately after the battle of Bunker Hill, the Americans began to erect works on Prospect Hill, a very commanding height above Charlestown Common, and at several other places Several works were also constructed at Roxbury, and the British confined to Boston and Charlestown within the neck. Heath's Memoirs, p. 22. These works were extended, after the arrival of Washington, from Dorchester on the south, through Cambridge, to Mystic River on the north. In Cambridge a line of fortifications was constructed along the summit of Dana Hill, then called Butler's Hill, Probably so called because, in the first division of lands in Cambridge, lots on the northerly side of Main Street, extending from Dana Street somewhat beyond Hancock Street, were assigned to Richard Butler and William Butler. together with several detached forts and redoubts, delineated on the map accompanying Marshall's Life of Washington. The fortress ther
James Hill (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
nal murder. Ibid., pp. 149, 150. A spicy correspondence ensued between Generals Burgoyne and Heath. The case was duly examined by a court martial, and Col. Henley was acquitted. Ibid., p. 155. June 17, 1778. A British officer was shot by an American sentinel on Prospect Hill, the officer attempting to pass contrary to the standing orders. A jury of inquest, consisting of William Howe, Benjamin Locke, John Brown, Ebenezer Stedman, Samuel Manning, Nathaniel Austin, Joseph Read, jr., James Hill, Thomas Barrett, Benjamin Baker, Aaron Hill, Isaac Bradish, James Munroe, Joseph Johnson, good and lawful men of Cambridge, rendered their verdict on the 18th of June, that the said Richard Brown was shot with a fire arm by the centinel in Charlestown, near Prospect Hill, between the hours of five and six P. M., on the 17th day of June, A. D. 1778, in attempting to pass the centinel with two women, after being properly challenged by said centinel, and so came to death. Heath's Memoirs,
Rhode Island (Rhode Island, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
om in their respective houses rendered it difficult to obtain so many quarters as were necessary for so great a number, and extended the limits of the parole very considerably. Heath's Memoirs, p. 134 Gen. Burgoyne had quarters assigned to him in the Borland House, Gen. Riedesel in the Lechmere (or Sewall) House, and others elsewhere. The soldiers occupied barracks on Prospect and Winter Hills. Between 11 and 12 o'clock on the 5th of April, 1778, General Burgoyne left Cambridge for Rhode Island; and on the 15th a division of the Convention troops marched for Rutland, under escort of a detachment of militia, commanded by Major Read. Ibid., pp. 161, 162. The remainder of the Convention troops marched for Virginia, on the 10th and 11th of November, 1778, Ibid., p. 198. after having been prisoners of war somewhat more than a year. During their continuance in and around Cambridge, vexatious collisions were of frequent occurrence; and two, of a more serious character, produced
Boston Harbor (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
. On North Avenue, near the easterly end of Spruce Street, three Cambridge men were killed: John Hicks, son of John, and greatgrandson of Zechariah Hicks, was born here, May 23, 1725. He built and resided in the house still standing on the southeasterly corner of Dunster and Winthrop streets. Among the early patriots he was active in resisting the arbitrary measures of the British Government. There is a tradition among his descendants that he assisted in the destruction of the tea in Boston Harbor, Dec. 16, 1773. He is said to have been shot through the heart. Moses Richardson, born probably about 1725, was a carpenter, and resided in the house which still stands at the northeasterly angle of Holmes Place, and which was afterwards the home of Mr. Royal Morse for about three quarters of a century. Like Hicks, he was exempt from military service, on account of his age; but, like him also, he is represented to have been actively engaged in the conflict as a volunteer. His milit
Danvers (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
t toward Boston was far different. From the westerly border of Menotomy to their point of departure by Beech Street into the Milk Row Road, their passage was through a flame of fire. The provincials rallied from the towns in the vicinity The list of killed, wounded, and missing, gives the names of twenty-three towns, which, with their respective number of killed are as follows: Acton, 3; Bedford, 1; Beverly, 1; Billerica; Brookline, 1; Cambridge, 6; Charlestown, 2; Chelmsford; Concord; Danvers, 7; Dedham, 1; Framingham; Lexington, 10; Lynn, 4; Medford, 2; Needham, 5; Newton; Roxbury; Salem, 1; Stow; Sudbury, 2; Watertown, 1; Woburn, 2. See Frothingham's Siege of Boston, pp. 80, 81. Certainly some other towns, and probably many, besides these, were represented in this sanguinary conflict. even to as great a distance as Salem, and hung upon their rear and flanks, firing upon them from every advantageous point. The British loss, in this retreat, is reported to have been seventy-th
Worcester (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
d, John Haven was of the college Class of 1776, and Edward Bangs and Daniel Kilham (probably the persons here named), were of the Class of 1777. Lincoln (Hist. Worcester, 233) says that Mr. Bangs remained in Cambridge during the spring vacation of 1775, when the British troops marched to Concord. On the 19th of April, as soon asd, John Haven was of the college Class of 1776, and Edward Bangs and Daniel Kilham (probably the persons here named), were of the Class of 1777. Lincoln (Hist. Worcester, 233) says that Mr. Bangs remained in Cambridge during the spring vacation of 1775, when the British troops marched to Concord. On the 19th of April, as soon asd, John Haven was of the college Class of 1776, and Edward Bangs and Daniel Kilham (probably the persons here named), were of the Class of 1777. Lincoln (Hist. Worcester, 233) says that Mr. Bangs remained in Cambridge during the spring vacation of 1775, when the British troops marched to Concord. On the 19th of April, as soon as
Ipswich, Mass. (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
ance of the same persons. Mass. Col. Rec., i. 75, 77.s These were the commanders of the incipient militia. Of Daniel Patrick, Winthrop says, This Captain was entertained by us out of Holland (where he was a common soldier of the Prince's guard) to exercise our men. We made him a captain, and maintained him. Savage's Winthrop, II. 151. He resided a short time in Watertown, but came to Cambridge before May 1, 1632, Ibid., i. 74. and remained here until Nov. 1637, when he removed to Ipswich, and subsequently to Stamford, Connecticut, where he was killed by a Dutchman in 1643. During his residence here, the tract of upland surrounded by marsh, on which the Powder Magazine stands at the foot of Magazine Street, was granted by the town to him; and since that time it has been known as Captain's Island. Thus, for five years, from 1632 to 1637, Cambridge was the Headquarters of one of the two principal military commanders. And when a more perfect organization of the militia was m
Canada (Canada) (search for this): chapter 22
ookin) was a Lieutenant in the company commanded by Capt. Robert Handy. Ibid., p. 673. In the Minutes of Council, when raising troops for an expedition against Canada in 1711, are some memoranda concerning Cambridge men: June 20, Mr. Daniel Foxcroft spoken with to be sub-commissary in this expedition, and accepted. June 21, Ca, have been preserved. Joseph Hastings was wounded and lost an eye in 1690. In the same year, among those who were engaged in the unfortunate expedition against Canada are found the names of John Andrew, William Blanchard, Nathaniel Bowman, Matthew Bridge, Daniel Champney, James Cutler, Edward Green, Stephen Hastings, Joseph Hicolds true in regard to the shorter war with France, 1744 to 1748. A paper is on file in the office of the City Clerk, endorsed, Men enlisted in Cambridge against Canada, 1745 and 1746, containing the following names: Capt. [William] Phips, Lieut. [Spencer] Phips, Lieut. Moore, Sergeant Gee, Sam uel Andrew, William Barrett, Jr., J
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