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Chappell Hill (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
ruggle until the right of self-government was established, and declared their readiness to march to the aid of their brethren in arms in the Cis-Mississippi Department. Still holding on. Similar mass-meetings were held and like resolutions passed in other commands near the same time. At a public meeting held at Lagrange April 29th, resolutions were adopted to the effect that under no possible circumstances would the people ever submit to reunion or reconstruction. The citizens of Chappell Hill passed resolutions to reinforce the army and furnish their negroes as soldiers, and declared: We would prefer a common grave for ourselves and our children than to submit to the rule of Northern despots. Similar resolutions were adopted in Colorado, Limestone and many other counties. On April 29th Governor Henry Watkins Allen, of Louisiana, issued a ringing address to the soldiers of Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas and Missouri, calling upon them to unite in a solemn pledge to stand as pa
Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
sident is not to escape deserved punishment, what shall be done to those who have attempted the assassination of the Republic—who have compassed the life of the nation? The lesson must be taught beyond the possibility of ever being unlearned, that treason is a crime—the greatest of human crimes. Expressions from high authority, of which these are samples, seemed to foreshadow unrelenting and vindictive persecution, to what limit none could surmise. Jefferson Davis was a prisoner in Fortress Monroe, ignominiously ironed like a common felon; John H. Reagan, late Confederate postmaster-general, was likewise confined in Fort Warren. Other late officials had escaped by flight in disguise and found safety in foreign lands. What future was reserved for the South, prostrate and helpless, wholly subject to the will of the victorious North, appeared to be beyond the scope of prophetic vision. A scattering of officers and soldiers. Many Texas officers, civil and military, went to Me
Corpus Christi (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
composed Hood's brigade and Terry's rangers, which organizations deserve to rank in valor with the legions of Caesar and the battalions of Napoleon. The disbanding of the troops began about the middle of May, and up to the 31st there were men under arms in isolated commands or where remnants of regiments still devoted to the cause kept together and refused to accept the inevitable; but the forces continued to be depleted day by day. On May 21st part of a regiment still remained at Corpus Christi; on the 29th the force at Galveston was scarcely sufficient to man the forts, and by the 1st of June, with the exception of scattered detachments at different points in the State, the army which had won renown throughout the war on many fields, from New Mexico to the Mississippi, passed into a memory. A commander without an army. While the disintegration of the army was going on General Kirby Smith was en route from Shreveport to Houston, a journey which occupied many days at tha
Appomattox (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
was not wholly abandoned while the fate of Johnston's army and the other forces across the Mississippi was unknown. The idea of continuing the war in this State was prevalent, and by many believed practicable, and strongly advocated during the few weeks which preceded the final dissolution of the Confederate forces in Texas. General E. Kirby Smith, commanding the department, issued an address from Shreveport, La., to the soldiers, on April 22d, saying in reference to Lee's surrender at Appomattox: His army was but a small portion of our forces in Virginia. The armies of Johnston and Beauregard, tripling that under General Lee, are still in the field presenting an unterrified front to the enemy. On the same day, nearly three hundred miles away, the officers, from colonels to lieutenants, in the regiments known as Pyron's, Elmore's, De Bray's, Cook's Heavy Artillery, the Second Texas Cavalry, and others, signed a stirring appeal to the troops, which by a coincidence embodied the
Mexico (Mexico, Mexico) (search for this): chapter 1.3
ster Department to the private soldiers was indeed scant; yet at this time there was being conducted under the auspices of government officials a large trade with Mexico, in the course of which wagon trains of cotton, then worth 50 cents a pound in gold, were constantly carried across the Rio Grande and train loads of army supplieo see who were better entitled to it than they, and such opinion was then shared by the citizens and advocated by the newspapers. The wagon trains returning from Mexico with supplies in charge of Confederate agents furnished rare sport as well as profit. A difference of opinion existed between these agents and the soldiers as toctorious North, appeared to be beyond the scope of prophetic vision. A scattering of officers and soldiers. Many Texas officers, civil and military, went to Mexico, among them Governors Clark and Murrah, Generals Smith, Magruder, Walker, Hardeman and Bee, who were joined there by Generals Price, of Missouri; Hindman, of Arka
Buffalo Bayou (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
desired. At Anderson a magazine exploded, causing loss of life and destruction of property. At Galveston a blockade runner, which had escaped the enemy's guns, was pillaged upon reaching the wharf in front of the city. At Houston the government stores were appropriated not only by the soldiers, but by women and boys, the families of soldiers who were serving in distant commands. The ordnance stores there were either carried off or destroyed, and guns, shot and shell were thrown into Buffalo bayou. Gunpowder in large quantities was spilled and scattered about in the magazines, and the city had a narrow escape from a terrific explosion. The troops reasoned that they had fought and suffered all kinds of hardships during four years for the Confederacy, and that such of its property as could be secured rightfully belonged to them upon its downfall. It is hard to see who were better entitled to it than they, and such opinion was then shared by the citizens and advocated by the ne
Meridian (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
t the struggle until spring. President Davis not only disagreed with this, but believed the continuance of hostilities feasible up to the moment of his capture. He says in his work (page 696): If, as now seemed probable, (after the fall of Richmond,) there should be no prospect of successful defence, I intended then to cross the Mississippi river, where I believed Generals E. K. Smith and Magruder would continue to uphold our cause. Taylor, then a lieutenant-general, surrendered at Meridian, Miss., to General E. S. R. Canby on May 8th, and it may not be inappropriate to quote the words of the Confederate commander in Order No. 54 respecting the distinguished Federal officer. He said: The intelligent, comprehensive and candid bearing pending negotiations of Major-General Canby, U. S. A., to whom I have surrendered, entitle him to our highest respect and confidence. His liberality and fairness make it the duty of each and all to faithfully execute our part of the contract. D
Brenham (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
on and Beauregard still present an unbroken front to the invading foe, and declared, we still will meet the foe upon the threshold of our State with fire and sword, nerved by the unanswering and unalterable determination never to yield. To the same effect were the resolutions passed in mass-meeting by Harrison's brigade. On May 17th was published the following order of Major T. M. Harwood, commanding the cavalry battalion, Waul's Legion: Members of this command will rendezvous at Brenham, Washington county, May 28th, prepared to march immediately to brigade headquarters east of the Mississippi river. About that date General Majors addressed his brigade, exhorting them to stand by the flag. Such were the spontaneous expressions of the commanders, the army and the citizens when the first authentic news of Lee's surrender reached Texas, and before they realized that other and final disasters could occur in such quick succession. There were no telegraphs beyond the State lines; only o
Galveston (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
Reconstruction in Texas. [from the Galveston (Tex.) daily news, Sunday, November 15, 1896.] by J read before the Texas Historical Society of Galveston at its annual meeting, Tuesday evening, NoveGentlemen of the Texas Historical Society of Galveston. In response to your resolution requestinhe ranks to a great extent. The forces in Galveston. On May 12th, the day the news of Johnstoral Magruder at Houston, he went by train to Galveston, assembled the forces there on parade, and, oss of life and destruction of property. At Galveston a blockade runner, which had escaped the enecountry but little, if at all. M. Lasker, of Galveston, (now State Senator,) a private in Pyron's r at Corpus Christi; on the 29th the force at Galveston was scarcely sufficient to man the forts, anneral Smith visited the blockading fleet off Galveston and there ratified with the Federal admiral by permission of the military authorities at Galveston, and no permit was obtained from the municip
Yellow Bayou (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.3
ully submitted, John C. Walker. The break-up. If chaos ever reigned in any land it did in Texas from May to August, 1865, following the news of Lee's surrender, which fell like a thunderbolt upon the army and the people. A large proportion of the troops of the Trans-Mississippi Department had wintered in Texas after the campaign of 1864, which began victoriously at Mansfield, La., by the utter rout of General N. P. Banks by General Dick Taylor, and ended in a disastrous check at Yellow Bayou, owing to the greater part of the infantry supporting Taylor having been withdrawn and sent to Arkansas in pursuit of Steele. The army was waiting for hostilities to reopen. Another attempted invasion by way of Louisiana, Arkansas, or the Gulf coast was expected, and but few realized that the war was nearly over. During the last year of the war communication with the CisMis-sissippi Department was almost entirely cut off, and the ports on the Gulf coast were blockaded. After the fal
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