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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 2: Charleston Harbor. (search)
he South. We are satisfied the honor, safety, and independence of the Southern people require the organization of a Southern confederacy--a result to be obtained only by separate State secession — that the primary object of each slaveholding State ought to be its speedy and absolute separation from a Union with hostile States. (Signed by: Representatives Pugh, Clopton, Moore, Curry, and Stallworth, of Alabama; Senator Iverson and Representatives Underwood, Gartrell, Jackson, Jones, and Crawford, of Georgia; Representative Hawkins of Florida; Represent- ative Hindman, of Arkansas; Senators Jefferson Davis and A. G. Brown, and Representatives Barksdale, Singleton, and Reuben Davis, of Mississippi; Representatives Craige and Ruffin, of North Carolina; Senators Slidell and Benjamin, and Representative Landrum, of Louisiana; Senators Wigfall and Hemphill, and Representative Reagan, of Texas; Representatives Bon- ham, Miles, McQueen, and Ashmore, of South Carolina.) It was a brief docum
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 5: Sumter. (search)
mit Anderson and his garrison to depart when the order to evacuate Sumter should be sent him. The illusion began to fade away on the 1st of April, when Commissioner Crawford telegraphed to Governor Pickens: I am authorized to say this Government will not undertake to supply Sumter without notice to you. This language did not the city; to permit no one to depart from the fort, and to establish the rigid surveillance of hostile lines. Anderson himself, relying upon rebel rumors and Crawford's baseless despatches, appears to have made up his mind that the garrison would be withdrawn; and he expresses himself as being greatly surprised when on April 7derate archives, and hence the offensive sentence never came to the knowledge of the kind-hearted and generous Lincoln. Following the notice received through Crawford, the rebels were for about a week in a tantalizing fever of suspense and uncertainty. The most contradictory telegrams came from their commissioners and secret
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
4 Chambersburg, Pa., 156 Cincinnati, 132, 140 Clay, Henry, 127 Cobb, Secretary, Howell, 12, 17, 20, 26, 42 Cockeysville, 90 Columbia, District of, 83 Columbus, 134 et seq. Confederacy, Southern, first formal proposal of, 26; established, 41; military resources of, 79; sends diplomatic agents to Europe, 79; natural resources of, 81 Confederates resolve to begin the war, 60 Constitution of the Confederate States adopted, 41 Cox, General J. D., 154 Crawford, Commissioner, 57 Crittenden, John J., 76 Cub Run, 200 Cumberland, Department of the, 135 Cumberland Gap, 135 Cummings Point, 63 et seq. Cushing,. Caleb, 76 D. Davies, General T. A., 174 Davis, Jefferson, 25 et seq., 40; elected President of the Confederacy, 41; opposes the attack on Fort Sumter, 56; belief of Northern aid, 71; offers letters of marque and reprisal, 78; call for volunteers, 79; his message to Governor Letcher, 92; letter to Governor Jackson, 117, 158; speec
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 8 (search)
ing every possible disposition to check the enemy's advance, and called out to him: Tyler, you are in luck to-day. It is n't every one who has a chance to make such a debut on joining an army. You are certain to knock a brevet out of this day's fight. He said: As you see, my men are raw hands at this sort of work, but they are behaving like veterans. Hancock had arrived on the ground in person, and when Birney's troops of his corps came up they were put into action on Tyler's right. Crawford, of Warren's corps, arrived about dark, and was put in position on the left. The brunt of the attack, however, had been broken by the troops upon which it first fell. Each regiment of Tyler's heavy artillery was as large as some of our brigades. These regiments had been thoroughly drilled and disciplined in the defenses about Washington, but this was their first engagement, and their new uniforms and bright muskets formed a striking contrast to the travel-stained clothing and dull-lookin
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 28 (search)
behind his intrenchments at Five Forks, which seemed likely. While we were talking, General Warren, who had accompanied Crawford's division, rode up and reported in person to Sheridan. It was then eleven o'clock. A few minutes before noon Colonup the Gravelly Run Church road to the open ground near the church, and form in order of battle, with Ayres on the left, Crawford on his right, and Griffin in rear as a reserve. The corps was to wheel to the left and make its attack upon the angle, ster, Devin, Fitzhugh, and the other cavalry leaders were in their element, and vied with each other in deeds of valor. Crawford's division had moved off in a northerly direction, marching away from Ayres, and leaving a gap between the two divisionsthe capture of the angle I started off toward the right to see how matters were going there. I went in the direction of Crawford's division, on our right. Warren, whose personal gallantry was always conspicuous, had had his horse shot while with th
back slowly toward Five Forks, Griffin's and Crawford's divisions would come in on the Confederate By reason of the delay in moving Griffin and Crawford, the enemy having escaped, I massed the Fifthon the west side of the Gravelly Church road, Crawford's on the east side, and Griffin in reserve behind the right of Crawford, a little different from my instructions. The corps had no artillery pre turned. I therefore intended that Ayres and Crawford should attack the refused trenches squarely, o the front of the return near the angle; but Crawford did not wheel to the left, as was intended. uncture I sent word to General Warren to have Crawford recalled; for the direction he was following lready faced to the left; so, marching across Crawford's rear, he quickly joined Ayres, who meanwhile pieces of artillery, fell into the hands of Crawford while on his circuitous march. The right ngles with the White Oak road, with Ayres and Crawford facing toward the enemy at the junction of th[4 more...]
t of April, General Humphreys's corps — the Second-had extended its left toward the White Oak road, and early next morning, under instructions from General Grant, Miles's division of that corps reported to me, and supporting him with Ayres's and Crawford's divisions of the Fifth Corps, I then directed him to advance toward Petersburg and attack the enemy's works at the intersection of the Claiborne and White Oak roads. Such of the enemy as were still in the works Miles easily forced across Hosition, Merritt drove this cavalry force ill a northerly direction toward Scott's Corners, while the Fifth Corps was pushed toward Sutherland's depot, in the hope of coming in on the rear of the force that was confronting Miles when I left him. Crawford and Merritt engaged the enemy lightly just before night, but his main column, retreating along the river road south of the Appomattox, had got across Namozine Creek, and the darkness prevented our doing more than to pick up some stragglers. The
Black Kettle massacre of Elliott's party relief of Colonel Crawford. The end of October saw completed the most of my athe Nineteenth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Crawford; eleven troops of the Seventh United States Cavalry, fore winter came on. November I, all being ready, Colonel Crawford was furnished with competent guides, and, after sendities and prepare to move immediately, without waiting for Crawford's regiment, unaccountably absent. Custer was ready to stattributed the delay to the bad weather, and supposed Colonel Crawford had wisely laid up during the worst storms. Further ispiriting defeat, so I sent out scouting parties to look Crawford up and hurry him along. After a great deal of searching,pply, had lost its way. Instead of relying on the guides, Crawford had undertaken to strike through the cafions of the Cimarnt out to the regiment, but before the relief could reach Crawford his remaining horses were pretty much all gone, though th
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 7. (ed. Frank Moore), Rebel Barbarities in East-Tennessee. (search)
Rebel Barbarities in East-Tennessee. The editor of the Memphis Bulletin communicated the following to his paper in reference to rebel rule in East-Tennessee. Col. Crawford, the gentleman from whom the facts were obtained, had a personal knowledge of some of the circumstances, and vouched for the truth of all of them: In the month of January, 1863, at Laurel, N. C., near the Tennessee border, all the salt was seized for distribution by confederate commissioners. Salt was selling at seventy-five dollars to one hundred dollars per sack. The commissioners declared that the tories should have none, and positively refused to give Union men their portion of the quantity to be distributed in that vicinity. This palpable injustice roused the Union men; they assembled together and determined to seize their proportion of the salt by force. They did so, taking at Marshall, N. C., what they declared to be their just share. Immediately afterward, the Sixtyfifth North-Carolina regiment,
ng; reached Grenoble through a rough and mountainous country, a distance of two hundred miles, in six days, and reached Paris, a distance of six hundred miles, in less than twenty days! The marches of the allied powers, during the wars of the French Revolution, were much less rapid than those of the armies of Napoleon. Nevertheless, for a single day the English and Spaniards have made some of the most extraordinary marches on record. In 1809, on the day of the battle of Talavera, General Crawford, fearing that Wellington was hard pressed, made a forced march with three thousand men the distance of sixty-two miles in twenty-six hours! The Spanish regiment of Romana, in their march from Jutland to Spain, marched the extraordinary distance of fifty miles in twenty-one hours. Cavalry, for a single day, will march a greater distance than infantry; but for a campaign of several months the infantry will march over the most ground. In the Russian campaign of Napoleon, his cavalry
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