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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charles ii. 1630- (search)
Charles ii. 1630- King of England; son and successor of Charles I.; born in London, May 29, 1630. His mother was Henrietta Charles ii. Maria, daughter of Henry IV. of France, and sister of the then reigning King of that realm. As the fortunes of his father waned, his mother returned to France, where the son joined her; and, at the Hague, he heard of the death of his parent by the axe, when he assumed the title of King, and was proclaimed such at Edinburgh, Feb. 3, 1649. He was crowned at Scone, Scotland, Jan. 1, 1651. After an unsuccessful warfare with Cromwell for the throne, he fled to Paris; and finally he became a resident of Breda, in Belgium, whence he was called to England by a vote of Parliament, and restored to the Signature of Charles ii. throne, May 8, 1660. He was a very profligate monarch—indolent, amiable, and unscrupulous. He misgoverned England twenty-five years in an arbitrary manner, and disgraced the nation. He became a Roman Catholic, although prof
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Choiseul, ÉTienne Francois, Duc De -1785 (search)
e wrote to the French minister in London that facts and not theories must shape French action at that crisis. He proposed to make a commercial treaty with the discontented colonies, both of importation and exportation, at the moment of rupture, the advantages of which might cause them at once to detach themselves from the British government. He believed the separation must come sooner or later, and wished to hasten the hoped — for event. He perceived the difficulties that stood in the way of the consummation of his scheme, weighed their evils, but still persisted. He said to the minister, I firmly believe and hope this government will so conduct itself as to widen the breach ; and he was sanguine that his plans would result in gratifying the wishes of every Frenchman. But Choiseul had to wait seven years before these wishes were gratified, and then he was dismissed from office by the successor of the old King (Louis XV.) whom he had ruled so long. He died in Paris, May 7, 178
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coffin, John 1756-1838 (search)
Coffin, John 1756-1838 Loyalist; born in Boston, Mass., in 1756; took part in the battle of Bunker Hill; later recruited 400 men in New York, who were afterwards called the Orange Rangers; was promoted major and received a handsome sword from Cornwallis in recognition of his bravery and skill in many important actions. Later he was promoted major-general. He died in King's county, N. B., in 1838.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), King, Horatio 1811-1897 (search)
King, Horatio 1811-1897 Lawyer; born in Paris, Me., June 21, 1811; received a common school education; studied law, and was admitted to the bar; became a clerk in the Post-Office Department in Washington in 1839; was made first assistant Postmaster-General in 1854, and was Postmaster-General from Feb. 12 to March 7, 1861, during which time he introduced the official-penalty envelope. Later he engaged in the practice of his profession in Washington. He published Turning on the light (a review of the administration of President Buchanan), etc. He died in Washington, D. C., May 20, 1897.
s were ably and faithfully performed by Moses Kelly, the chief clerk, until the close of the administration. Upon Mr. Holt's transfer, late in December, 1860, from the Post Office to the War Department, the first Assistant Postmaster-General, Horatio King, of Maine, continued for some time to perform the duties of the Department in a highly satisfactory manner, when he was appointed Postmaster-General. After these changes the Cabinet consisted of Messrs. Black, Dix, Holt, Toucey, Stanton, and King, who all remained in office until the end of Mr. Buchanan's term. The President had earnestly desired that his Cabinet might remain together until the close of the administration. He felt sensibly the necessary withdrawal of some of its members, after all had been so long united in bonds of mutual confidence and friendship. The President's policy was, first and above all, to propose and urge the adoption of such a fair and honorable compromise as might prove satisfactory to all the S
consisted of Mr. Clark, of New Hampshire; Messrs. Sumner and Wilson, of Massachusetts; Mr. Anthony, of Rhodes Island; Messrs. Dixon and Foster, of Connecticut; Mr. Foot, of Vermont; and Mr. Fessenden, of Maine. The remaining twelve votes, in order to make up the 20, were given by Messrs. Bingham and Wade, of Ohio; Mr. Trumbull, of Illinois; Messrs. Bingham and Chandler, of Michigan; Messrs. Grimes and Harlan, of Iowa; Messrs. Doolittle and Durkee, of Wisconsin; Mr. Wilkinson, of Minnesota; Mr. King, of New York; and Mr. Ten Eyck, of New Jersey. It is also worthy of observation, that neither Mr. Hale, of New Hampshire, Mr. Simmons, of Rhode Island, Mr. Collamer, of Vermont, Mr. Seward, of New York, nor Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, voted on the question, although it appears from the journal that all these gentlemen were present in the Senate on the day of the vote. It would be vain to conjecture the reasons why these five Senators refrained from voting on an occasion so important.
of the public service: Post-Office Department, Appointment Office, January 22, 1861. Sir --In answer to the inquiry in your letter of the 15th to the Postmaster General, he instructs me to inform you that you were removed from the office of Postmaster at Paducah because you announced yourself as "devoutly in favor of disunion," and it is not considered prudent to retain in the service of the Government men openly seeking its overthrow. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, Horatio King. First Assistant Postmaster General. John C. Noble, Esq., Paducah, Ky. As a rejoinder to the manifesto of a majority of the Virginia delegation, Senators Crittenden and Douglas, and Messrs. Malison, Boteler and Harris, of Virginia, of the House, have united in a letter to Hon. James Barbour, of the Virginia Legislature, giving assurance that the prospect of a peaceful and satisfactory settlement of troubles is better than at any previous time, and hourly brightening.
s of Thos. K. Davis, late sheriff of Prince William county; by Mr. Cowan, of compensating the Clerk of the House of Delegates and the Clerk of the Senate for extra service during the present session of the General Assembly; by Mr. Bisbie, of incorporating the American Agency; by Mr. Martin, of providing adequate compensation to the Commissioners appointed by Virginia to the Federal Government, and to the different States; by Mr. Garrett, of permitting the Board of Officers for the Regiment of King and Queen county, to have power to increase the number of regimental, battalion or company musters; by Mr. Crump, of referring so much of the report made by the Commissioners appointed under the act of Assembly of Jan. 20th, 1860, as refers to the sale of public arms, to the Committee on Military Affairs; by Mr. Randolph, of reporting a bill for the protection of sheep in the counties of Kanawha and Fayette; by Mr. Knotts, of incorporating a company to construct a railroad from some point on
ample has just occurred of the vigor and spirit with which Northern men defend their property when it is assailed. Upon the late false report of a conspiracy to seize the Brooklyn Navy-Yard, in addition to the usual military preparations, Chief Engineer King, in charge of the steam and other machinery, had under his charge twelve large steam boilers, (some of them on wheels,) and a number of powerful steam pumps and fire engines, to which he had ready for attachment India rubber hose, to lead The pumps could be put into operation at any time, throwing hundreds of tons of boiling hot water into the faces of the invaders, in the same manner that cold water is thrown from steam fire engines; "of course no number of men could stand one minute under such fearful and terrible havoc. This powerful weapon of defence, not heretofore known in warfare, is proposed by Mr. King to be applied to all fortifications and steamships of war, so that taking by storm or boarding would be impossible."
From Washington. Washington, Feb. 1. --It is reported that Col. Hayne, having received dispatches from Gov. Pickens, has brought the subject of the evacuation of Fort Sumter before the Administration. Horatio King has been nominated to the Senate as Postmaster-General.
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