From the North.

From our Northern papers, of the 30th, we confine our news extracts. The Hygeia Hotel at Old it is to be pulled down this week, notwithstanding ‘"Representative"’ Segar's profess:

Nursery Ward on the

The New York Herald of Tuesday, gives Rev. a complimentary called, as follows mountebank Received, who has turned his to Brooklyn into a theatre, where applause liven to his points by the audience, Just as it is correct, or Miss Estemen, or any other these appeared on the boards at Plymouth such on Sunday evening, when he diverted the constitution as a mere ‘"sheepskin parchment"’ of and said two are going to have the as it never was but as it was meant to be Union as it was meant to be, and not as it was, our doctrine, because the Union as it was a montrons outrage on your rights and place be declared himself to be the mouthpiece of like Greeley a short time ago, and applies resounded from all parts of the house,-- the Union and the Constitution, he next assails things still more sacred exhibits the Divine Being in the light of fathered, who ‘"is out now and will have a time,"’ Let us quote the whole passage North, too. was suffering to an extent to she had winked at slavery for the take of When the North had paid two thousand millions of taxes (and only Just began) he right that the Lord would get back pretty much. the North made out of slavery. God is the tax-gatherer. He is out now, and He will a good time." (Great langoter.) The character of the audience may be judged from their at such horrible profanity. Unionnale who follow such a shepherd. He alluded to general wish of the people to freightweenty forged abolitionists hanged. He said if is would good he had no objection to be the first--and let him try. By following the example of Tuesday, he may induce Greeley, and Garrison, and Philos and sixteen others, in go and do likewise; and twenty of the leading. Abolitionists swinging a row, from a sour apple tree, there will be forged chance of our arms being speedily successful restoring the rebellions Southern he Union, when can perform the same service after the leading secessionists, when we catch enemy that Beecher is volunteers to do for himself.

The reverend mountie back closed his sermon with following prediction of the result of the protection:

shall see a glorious nation, a restored Condition. We shall see a liberty in whose bright day and Massachusetts will shake hands that forged shall be separated again. There is love to raked open yet. Now there is fierceness of but there shall come concord, fellowship, union; and when this comes we shall have a on that no freight influence can break, and note trouble shall ever mar again.

Wise. Conservative, and benignant Adis President Lincoln--the War to be closed in 90 days.

The New York Herold, of the 30th, has a characteristic article, which may be so into sarcasm that we are almost in to think that there is a substratum of ‘"rebel"’ in establishment. It says the Abolition who have heretofore urged an active and war, are beginning to advocate a defensive for several months to come, so that when resume offensive operations their fleets and may be seconded by a general uprising of in the rebellious States, in response to the resident's decree that, though recognized by him slaves till the 4th of January next, they shall be thenceforward, and forever, free ‘" It says: The argument, at this time, for standing on the tensive"’ broadly discloses the arms and objects our abolition disorganizes. They aim to the war, that they may still fatten upon the and plunder of the Government; and in the that the war, in being actively suspended , may, from and after the 1st of January, to be a war for the Union, and become an abortus crusade. Their ultimatum in emancipation or separation — the conquest of the South the fashion of William of Normandy, or two in federates. These abolition Marplots have nothing or desire to restore ‘"the Union as it was."’--would deprive them of their present political war, and their political hopes of the future.--their programme is to overthrow ‘"the Union as it as,"’ to destroy our rebellions Southern States. and to reduce them to the condition of Territories to recognize a Southern Confederacy, in craer out off the political elements of the South in a construction of our political parties.

From this pernicious programme of our abolition destructive we turn to the wise, conservative, and benignant aims and purposes of President Lincoln. the object of his late proclamation is not to destroy, but to save the South; not to abolish Southern favor by the sword, but to induce our revolted rates to preserve their domestic institutions by a return to the ark of the Union. We feel entirely that President Lincoln, from a vigorous prosecution of the war, anticipates within the ten ninety days such decisive work with the carries of this rebellion that there will be no necessity or the enforcement of this emancipation decree.--This too is so manifestly the tear of our abolition action that there can be no difficulty to genuine in a men to comprehending that their policy is the most of the war, and with the least possible delay in any quarter.

in Virginia in Kentucky, and in Missouri, the the rebellion are now so situated that all the advances the in our favor for active operators against them. We have the men, the means, and the facilities at hand, whereby we may make work of the rebellion, note only in Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, but in North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas, within the next sixty lane. Let this be done, and the approach of winter will find our armies advanced southward late the cotton States, where winter is the most favorable reason for military operations, and where our land foresee can be assisted by our gunboats far into the interior of every seaboard State, from South Carolina to Texas. But with our armies along the northern frontier of these States, and with our meets in occupation of their seaboard towns, the rebellion will be ended in a general capitulation, and the Union and the South will be saved, including this vital institution to the cotton States, as they are situated, of their system of African slavery.

On the other hand, let the snows and rains and impassible border State roads of winter still find our armies in Northern Virginia, and in Kentucky, and Missouri, and they will be apt to remain there April or May, wasting away from disease and , while the rebel armies are subsisting upon the supplies of said States, without which they can not be subsisted through the winter. Thus, with the return of spring, our depleted regiments, old and new, will need another draft, and we shall have before us another year of war, with its increased its finished productions, and its doubtful But all these deplorable contingencies may, and we hope will, be avoided by the active present on of the war, now and without intermission, during these next two favorable months for military operations in our border slave States.

Such are the considerations upon which we urge the immediate adoption of offensive operations against the enemy East and West. It is so clearly the policy, and as we believe, the purpose of President Lincoln, that we cannot doubt his decision.-- We rely upon him to bring this war substantially to on end before the 1st of January. In any event we rely upon such inches-as to our arms as will, if recursed to avoid an abolition crusade, lead our patriotic President to the extension of his term of grace on the slavery question to those States which may still be unreclaimed from the rebellion. His decree of emancipation is a mere military act, which he may amend, extend, or revoke, at his discretion.

The season, the advanced and exposed positions of the enemy, our superiority in men, means, and facilities of all kinds, the expectations of the army and the country, and the necessities of our cause — the Union--combine to urge upon our house: President a prompt, earnest, and resolute advance upon the rebel armies, East and West.

The Origin of Lincoln's proclamation.

The New York World thinks it has discovered the original proclamation which Lincoln had in his mind when he penned the formidable Emancipation document. Its orgin is minutely described in living's ‘"History of the New Netherlands."’ During Governor Keift's administration be received intelligence that some very formidable invaders had taken possession of his southern frontier and built a fort there. ‘"They were represented."’ says the historian,

"As a gigantic, gunpowder race of men, exceedingly expert in boxing, biting, gouging, and other branches of the rough and-tumble mode of warfare, which they had learned from their prototypes and German, the Virginians, to whom they have ever borne considerable resemblance. Like them, too, they were great roysters, much given to revel on hoecake and bacon, mint- and apple today; whence their newly formed colony had already acquired the carte of Maryland; which, with a slight modification, it retains to the present day.

In fact, the Marylanders and their consigns, the Virginians, were represented to William Kief as off boots from the same original stock as his bitter enemies the Yankee or Yankee tribes of the East, living both come over to this country for the liberty of conscience, or, in other words, to live as they pleased — the Yankees taking to praying, and money making, and converting Quakers, and the Battlements to horse racing, and cock fighting, and breeding negroes,

Against these new invaders Withelmus Kieft immediately dispatched a naval armament of two doops and thirty men, under Jan. Jansen Alpendam, who was armed to the very teeth with one of the little Governor's most powerful speeches, written in vigorous Low Dutch.

‘"Admiral Alpendam arrived without accident in the Schuylkill, and came upon the enemy just as they were engaged in a great barbecue. a king of festivity, or carouse much practiced in Maryland Opening upon them with the speech of William the Testy. he denounced them as a pack of lazy, causing Julep shipping cock fighting horse-racing, all slave draying, tevern- haunting, Sunbath-breaking, mulatto breeding upstarts, and included by ordering them to evacuate the country immediately; to which they laconically gentled, in plain English, they'd see him d — C first."’

"Now this was a reply on which neither Jan. Jansen Alpendam nor Withelmus Kieft had made any calculation. Finding himself. Therefore. totally unprepared to answer so terrible a rebuff with suitable hostility, the Admiral concluded his course would be to return home and report progress. He accordingly steered his course back to New where he strived safe, having accomplished this hazardous enterprise at small expense of treasure and no less of life, His having policy gained him the universal appellation of the Saviour of his Country; and his service were suitably rewarded by a shingle monument erected, by subscription on the top of Plastenburack hill, where it immortalized his name for three whole year. when it fell to places and was burnt for firewood.

The difficulty between bull Nelson and Gen Davis.

The Indianapolis Journal publishes the following account of the reason why Gen. Nelson suspended Gen. Davis from command and ordered him to report to Gen Wright:

General Davis reported to General Nelson that he had the Brigade to his command — the citizens of Leavenide many for service, and desired to know if he for their. ‘" How may men live General Nelson. --About 2,500 about 2,500 about 2,500 !!"’ You a regular and report about the number of men in your command. Don't you know, sir you should given the exact number of ‘"But, General,"’ ‘ "replied Davis,"’ I didn't expect to get the guns now; I only wanted to learn if I could get them and where and having learned that, I would ascertain the exact number needed and than draw them" ‘"About 2,500"’ persisted Nelson. "I suspend you from your Command, and order you to report to Gen. Wright, and I've a d — d mind to send you out of the city with a provost guard.--And on number Indiana General was suspended for nothing. It is pertly nearly time this sort of thing was ended.

The Federal "Virginia" troops.

A letter in the Wheeling Intelligence dated Clarksburg, Sept, 25th, says of the Virginia (Dutch) troops:

The Twelfth has received its new guns, (of the Enfield patent,) and these of them hare are delighted with the change. The Fourteenth is afflicted with mumps and meanies, chiefly, however, confined to Capt. Sourth's company.

The Tenth and part of the Sixth Virginia, and the Eighty-Seventh Pennsylvania, are here; also, Captain Manlsby's battery. How many more, it might be contraband to say.

Captain Carlin's battery practice here a night or two ago on its way to Parkersburg. or below. That is the direction in which to look now for stirring events.

Gen Taylor's plantation plundered.

The Montpelier Journal contains a letter from a soldier of the Vermont 8th, dated Camp Allemande, August 20th, is which he states that on the previous Thursday the property of General Richard Taylor a son of old General Taylor, (by whom it was requested to him.) was confederated, the son being now in the rebel army. The slaves, 150 in number, were all declared emancipated, while the plantation was plundered by the Union soldiers.--According to the writer:

It is one of the most splendid plantations that I ever saw. There are on 1,700 acres of sugar cause, which must rot upon the ground if the Government does not harvest it. I was you could have seen the soldiers plunder the plantation after the stock was driven off, the boys began by ordering the slaves to bring out everything there was to eat and drink. They brought out Hundreds of bottles of wine, eggs, preserved figs and peaches, turkeys, chickens and honey in any quantity.

I brought away a large camp kettle and frying pans that belonged to old General Taylor, and also many of his private papers. I have one letter of his own hand writing, and many from Secretary Marcy--some from General Scott, and some from the traitor Floyd. I brought to camp four battles of claret wine. Lieutenant — brought away half a barrel of the best syrup from the sugar house, and a large can of honey.

The camp kettle and pans I intend to send home. They are made of heavy tin, covered with copper I think I will send home the private papers by mail if I do not let any one have them ‘ "The camp"’ is loaded with plunder — all kinds of clothing, rings, watches, guns, petrols swords, and some of General Taylor's old hats and coats, belts, swords — and, in fact, every old role he had is worn about the camp.

You and every one may be thanks full that you are not of the rotten. of plundering armies. --Here are whole families. of women and children running in the woods, a large plantation entirely disserted — nothing left except slaves too call to runaway — all kinds of the best mahogany broken to pieces. Nothing is respected.

The great iron Clast Preparations in the United States.

The ship yards at New York are alive with the building of the iron clad fleets with which every city of the South which has a water approach is to be destroyed. There are 5,200 men at work in them and an equal number engaged in iron foundries and mills in the vicinity on work intended for them. The New York world, of the 30th, says:

‘ The Weehawken will probably be the next Iron. clad vezzel laughed. She is building at Cotwell's foundry, in Jersey City. Planking has already begun, and the deck floor is being laid. On the upper part of the hull the first iron plates were laid yesterday. They form, with the wooden portion of the bulwarks, a defence quite as wide and far stronger, than the generality of ‘"stonewalls"’ so common in the suburbs. The lower part of the hull is being painted and prepared for the mail. It is expected that by the first proximo the Weehawken will be afloat.

On the same yard with this vessel the Camanche, fotended for California, is being built. She is all iron. Yesterday the different sizes of that metal arose in half circles, stopping at what is to be the top of the build. The intermediate stabs will be put on day by day until there is room for no more, and the ship is finished. She is in sections, and when complete will be taken apart and transported to the theatre of her future operations, is as already explained.

Greenport is like a human beehive Ears are worthless once you get raids the bounds of the Continental works. The greater part of inquiries and answers are pantomimic. Montauk, Raatskill, and Passaic, of the nine-Monitor fleet, and the On ondaga and Puritan, of the special fleet, are in hand. The Paspaic, launched and ‘" engined,"’ is preparing rapidly for sea. The Montank and will be effect in a month. They are so like their sister ship that Mr. Erission says the same hole would answer each of them. The Purtian is the Great Eastern of the lot, being nearly as large as the three combined. She is only in the early stages of existence, and will hardly be manned and equipped before the close, of 1862. The Onondaga is further advanced. She is all iron, and will have two turrota. The Morgan iron Works are getting up her machinery. There is a considerable difference visible between her and the other vessels, she being built on a somewhat separate plan, although the chief principle involved in her conception is the same as that which brought forth Monitor Number One.

The Dictator is going up at the Delameter Iron Works. Her ribs are ship-shape, and the several parts of the monster begin to look recognizable.--Hitherto an uninitiated person would not know the skeleton from the foundation plattorra of a lunatic asylum. Over a thousand men are engaged on her, and Mr. Roble, of the navy, is sentinel.

Mr. Whitney's Iron ship is more advanced than any, save the Weehawken. The Moodoa is the name given to her by Mr. Welles. The hull is finished and a good portion of the armor on. The ‘ "shell"’ of the vessel is complete, and, if it were wood. in launching condition. The turrets will be two in number, and are nearly ready. Before the expiration of October the Months will be ready for floating cut.

Mr. Webb's ram has just been commenced. She will be 7,000 tons burden. All other ships on the iron system will be more catamarans to her. She will be a double ship, too hull not being iron out wood. At present she looks too unlike anything to be described In two months she will be a great ram, able to go to sea and accommodate a larger ship's company than the Niaga a Her name has not been mentioned yet, but people think it ought to be ‘"Washington,"’ as we have no man-of war with that name.

The Fort Henry, an iron-clad gunboat, built at Carondelet, was launched there on Thursday, the 24th inst. The Choctaw, a vessel purchased some time since by the Navy Department, and subsequently converted into a ram, was launched on the previous Saturday. The Fort Henry, a sort of sister ship to the Essox, is 250 feet long, 40 feet wide, and 11 feet deep. The Choctaw is 225 feet long, 34 feet wide, and about 10 feet deep. The Fort Henry will carry eight guns, and the Choctaw six. The latter is a mere ram, the former being more of a gunboat. Each boat's ram measures two feet, of bell metal. Porter's India rubber invention is carried on these vessels, which is said to be better than three inches of iron.

The Osage, Winnebago, Chick saw, and Milwaukee, are progressing rapidly in the yard whence the shipstnamed were launched.

The "old Pub, face," on the War.

Ex. President Duchanen is not altogether quiescent. The New York, Express contains, from the pen of a ‘"distinguished politician, "’ an account of an interview with the venerable ‘"Pub, Fine"’ Just week. The D. P. says:

‘ In an interview. last evening, be dealed all charges against his proposing an early vindication, which should be triumphant as to his loyally, integrity of purpose, and public acts. I will never forget the stern dignity of his countenances white exclaiming ‘" With my hand upon my heart, before the Almighty, I acquit myself of any wrong to my country or the Union."’ He pointed to his frequent efforts to avoid the rebellion. unheeded by Congress; the attack of Davis and South occurs Upon him, its well known refusal to receive, apically or nationally a Secessionist. While thus dissociating the South, the press encouraging. Through the idea that we could do without, them and that they had the sympathy of many North with the Democratic party, that it was strange to this day

larges should be made against Floyd for stealing arms, and him for arming the South, when a he publican, committee in Congress had exonerated Floyd, and he had been vindicated, in the open avowal of General Scott, that he had not the means, North or South, to protect some fourteen I Southern fortifications. It expressed a firm faith in the full restoration of the Union through the new and ground of interest, that the South out of the Union would be ever humiliated before the nations of the earth — in the Union, exalted He believed slavery the cause of the rebellion; in an interference wish the Compromise Measures of 1820; securing Missouri with slavery; in 1850, California without; through Kansas the Dance as repeat reinsure and to agree in the resolutions. He believed foreign only commendable in a united European pronounced --to restore the Union. He of the Government that was based upon a powerful force, with the maintenance of every constitutional right of the entire people and States; that in a victory we could proclaim to the South--we have your of slavery, now unite and harmony through either gradual emancipation or the restoration of the Compromise Measures of 1820 and 1850, with a never representation through the country.

An Inspiring order

Gen. Morgan, (who has just skedaddled from Cumberland on the 18th of August, just two months after be look the Gap, in inspiriting order to his troop, as follows:

They talk of the enemy's numbers. Believe me, soldiers, his very strength is his greatest weakness, for the more men he has the sooner they will starve.

One word to you, and regard that word as fixed as fate, you can hold this position against any odds, and you have but to determine to conquest and victory is your

Comrades, I greet and salute you!

Geo. W. Morgan,
General commanding the
Victors of Cumberland Gap.


The Alexandria Gazette denies a report ‘"that many of the soldier? stationed in Alexandria, with their officers, are showing some spirit of insubordination, in consequence of the President's proclamation."’ The Gazette says that it has heard nothing whatever of this, except what is contained in the statement above quoted.

An explosion took place at the arsenal in Columbus, Ky, on the 25th instant, destroying a large amount of ordnance stores and cotton. No lives were lost. One hundred thousand dollars worth of ammunition was destroyed.

The Gazette du Mian, (Italy,) of the 12th of Sept., says: ‘"Mgr. Olin, Archbishop of New Orleans, who so worthily occupied for the last year the Metropolitan See of the Southern States of America, has arrived in Rome. ’

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