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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 24 24 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 38-39 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D.) 3 3 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 35-37 (ed. Evan T. Sage, PhD professor of latin and head of the department of classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 188 BC or search for 188 BC in all documents.

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Acidi'nus 2. L. Manlius Acidinus Fulvianus, originally belonged to the Fulvia gens, but was adopted into the Manlia gens, probably by the above-mentioned Acidinus. (Vell. 2.8.) He was praetor B. C. 188, and had the province of Hispania Citerior allotted to him, where he remained till B. C. 186. In the latter year he defeated the Celtiberi, and had it not been for the arrival of his successor would have reduced the whole people to subjection. He applied for a triumph in consequence, but obtained only an ovation. (Liv. 38.35, 39.21, 29.) In B. C. 183 he was one of the ambassadors sent into Gallia Transalpina, and was also appointed one of the triumvirs for founding the Latin colony of Aquileia, which was however not founded till B. C. 181. (Liv. 39.54, 55, 40.34.) He was consul B. C. 179, (Liv. 40.43,) with his own brother, Q. Fulvius Flaccus, which is the only instance of two brothers holding the consulship at the same time. (Fast. Capitol.; Vell. 2.8.) At the election of Acidinus, M.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ed by the Roman consul Acilius Glabrio at Thermopylae, and compelled to return to Asia. The defeat of his fleet in two sea-fights led him to sue for peace; but the conditions upon which the Romans offered it seemed so hard to him, that he resolved to try the fortune of another campaign. He accordingly advanced to meet Scipio, who had crossed over into Asia, but he was defeated at the foot of Mount Sipylus, near Magnesia. (B. C. 190.) He again sued for peace, which was eventually granted in B. C. 188 on condition of his ceding all his dominions west of Mount Taurus, paying 15,000 Euboic talents within twelve years, giving up his elephants and ships of war, and surrendering the Roman enemies who had taken refuge at his court. He had, moreover, to give twenty hostages for the due fulfilment of the treaty, and among them his son Antiochus (Epiphanes). To these terms he acceded, but allowed Hannibal to escape. About this time Antiochus lost Armenia, which became an independent kingdom. H
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Epiphanes (search)
Anti'ochus Iv. or Anti'ochus Epiphanes (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed EPIPHANES (*)Epifanh/s), and on coins Theos (*Qe/os) also, was the son of Antiochus III., and was given as a hostage to the Romans in B. C. 188. He was released from captivity in B. C. 175 through his brother Seleucus Philopator, who gave his own son Demetrius in his stead. While Antiochus was at Athens on his return to Syria in this year, Seleucus was murdered by Heliodorus, who seized upon the crown. Antiochus, however, with the assistance of Attalus easily expelled the usurper, and ascended the throne in the same year. (B. C. 175.) Demetrius remained at Rome. Cleopatra, the sister of Antiochus, who had been betrothed to Ptolemy Epiphanes, was now dead, and Antiochus therefore claimed the provinces of Coele-Syria and Palestine, which had been given as her dowry. As the Romans were at this time engaged in a war with Perseus, king of Macedonia, Antiochus thought it a favourable opportunity to prosecute hi
iscrepancies between the statements of the Romans and those of the Armenians concerning this dynasty. The Romans tell us that Artaxias, governor of Armenia Magna for Antiochus the Great, king of Syria, made himself independent in his government B. C. 188; and that Zadriates became king of Armenia Minor, of which country he was praefect. The descendents of Artaxias became extinct with Tigranes III., who was driven out by Caius Caesar; and among the kings who reigned after him, there are many who fixed, and many points remain vague. The following is a series of the Arsacidae and other kings of Armenia according to the Romans. Artaxias I. praefect of Armenia Magna under Antiochus the Great, became the independent king of Armenia in B. C. 188. [ARTAXIAS I.] Tigranes I. the ally of Mithridates the Great against the Romans. [TIGRANES I.] Artavasdes I. the son of Tigranes I., taken prisoner by M. Antonius. [ARTAVASDES I.] Artaxias Ii. The son of Artavasdes I., killed by his re
Artaxias I. praefect of Armenia Magna under Antiochus the Great, became the independent king of Armenia in B. C. 188. [ARTAXIAS I.]
Artaxias I. The founder of the Armenian kingdom, was one of the generals of Antiochus the Great, but revolted from him soon after his peace with the Romans in B. C. 188, and became an independent sovereign. (Strab. xi. pp. 528, 531, 532.) Hannibal took refuge at the court of Artaxias, when Antiochus was no longer able to protect him, and he superintended the building of Artaxata, the capital of Armenia, which was so called in honour of Artaxias. (Strab. xi. p.528; Plut. Luc. 31.) Artaxias was included in the peace made between Eumenles and Pharnaces in B. C. 179 (Plb. 26.6), but was conquered and taken prisoner by Antiochus IV. Epiphanes towards the end of his reign, about B. C. 165. (Appian, App. Syr. 45, 66.)
Ati'nia Gens plebeian. None of the members of this gens ever attained the consulship; and the first who held any of the higher offices of the state was C. Atinius Labeo, who was praetor B. C. 188. All the Atinii bear the cognomen LABEO.
Aurunculeius 3. L. Aurunculeius, praetor urbanus B. C. 190. He was one of the ten commissioners sent to arrange the affairs of Asia at the conclusion of the war with Antiochus the Great, B. C. 188. (Liv. 36.45, 37.2, 55.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato the Censor (search)
slain in real engagements, and declaimed against his cruel and ignominious execution of ten magistrates (decemviri) of the Boian Gauls, without even the forms of justice, on the pretext that they were dilatory in furnishing the required supplies. (Gel. 13.24, 10.3.) Cato's opposition was successful; but the passage of Festus already referred to shews that, after his return from Aetolia in 189, he had to defend his own conduct against Thermus, who was tribune B. C. 189, and died in battle, B. C. 188. In B. C. 189, Cato and his old friend L. Valerius Flaccus were among the candidates for the censorship, and, among their competitors, was their former general M'. Acilius Glabrio. Glabrio, who did not possess the advantage of nobility, determined to try what the influence of money could effect. In order to counteract his endeavours, he was met by an accusation of having applied the treasures of Antiochus to his own use, and was ultimately obliged to retire from the contest. Cato was act
Chaeron (*Xai/rwn), or, according to another reading, CHARON, a Lacedaemonian, who appears to have belonged to the party of Nabis; for we find him at Rome in B. C. 183 as the representative of those who had been banished or condemned to death by the Achaeans when they took Sparta in B. C. 188, and restored the exiled enemies of the tyrant. On this occasion the object of Chaeron's mission was obtained. (Plb. 24.4; Liv. 39.48; comp. Plut. Phil. 17.) He was again one of the ambassadors sent to Rome in B. C. 181, to inform the senate of the recent admission of Lacedaemon for the second time into the Achaean league and of the terms of the union. (See p. 569a.; Plb. 25.2; Liv. 40.2, 20.) Polybius represents him as a clever young man, but a profligate demagogue; and accordingly we find him in the ensuing year wielding a sort of brief tyranny at Sparta, squandering the public money, and dividing lands, unjustly seized, among the lowest of the people. Apollonides and other commissioners were
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