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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 41 41 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 7 7 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 6 6 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 3 3 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 43-45 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 38-39 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D.) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 35-37 (ed. Evan T. Sage, PhD professor of latin and head of the department of classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 31-34 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. Professor of Latin and Head of the Department of Classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 40-42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 196 BC or search for 196 BC in all documents.

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Ahenobarbus 1. Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, L. F. L. N., plebeian aedile B. C. 196, prosecuted, in conjuncti with his colleague C. Curio, many pecuarii, and with the fines raised therefrom built a temple Faunus in the island of the Tiber, which he dedicated in his praetorship, B. C. 194. (Liv. 31.42, 34.42, 43, 53.) He was consul in 192 and was sent against the Boii, who submitted him; but he remained in their country till the following year, when he was succeeded by the consul Scipio Nasica. (35.10, 20, 22, 40, xxx 37.) In 190, he was legate of the consul L. Scipio in the war against Antiochus the Great. (35.39; Plut. Apophth. Rom. Cn. Domit.) In his consulship one of his oxen is said to have utter the warning " Roma, cave tibi." (Liv. 35.2 V. Max. 1.6.5, who falsely says, Bello Punico secundo.
Alexa'menus (*)Alecameno/s), was general of the Aetolians, B. C. 196 (Plb. 18.26), and was sent by the Aetolians, in B. C. 192, to obtain possession of Lacedaemon. He succeeded in his object, and killed Nabis, the tyrant of Lacedaemon; but the Lacedaemonians rising against him shortly after, he and most of his troops were killed. (Liv. 35.34-36
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
leopatra to the young king Ptolemy, giving with her Coele-Syria and Palestine as a dowry. He now marched into Asia Minor, where he carried everything before him, and then crossed over into Europe, and took possession of the Thracian Chersonese (B. C. 196), which belonged to the Macedonian kingdom, but which he claimed as his own, because Seleucus Nicator had taken it from Lysimachus. But here his progress was stopt by the Romans. At the commencement of his war with Egypt, the guardians of younghis conquests, lest he should march to the assistance of the Macedonian king. Now, however, matters were changed. The Romans had conquered Philip in B. C. 197, and no longer dreaded a war with Antiochus. They accordingly sent an embassy to him (B. C. 196) requiring him to surrender the Thracian Chersonese to the Macedonian king, and also all the places he had conquered from Ptolemy. Antiochus returned a haughty answer to these demands; and the arrival of Hannibal at his court in the following y
overnment of the city. (Plb. 20.5; comp. 2.70, 5.9, 9.36.) After the death of Antigonus, B. C. 220, Brachyllas continued to attach himself to the interests of Macedonia under Philip V., whom he attended in his conference with Flamininus at Nicaea in Locris, B. C. 198. (Plb. 17.1; Liv. 32.32.) At the battle of Cynoscephalae, B. C. 197, he commanded the Boeotian troops in Philip's army; but, together with the rest of his countrymen who had on that occasion fallen into the Roman power, he was sent home in safety by Flamininus, who wished to conciliate Boeotia. On his return he was elected Boeotarch, through the influence of the Macedonian party at Thebes; in consequence of which Zeuxippus, Peisistratus, and the other leaders of the Roman party, caused him to be assassinated as he was returning home one night from an entertainment, B. C. 196. Polybius tells us, what Livy omits to state, that Flamininus himself was privy to the crime. (Plb. 18.26; Liv. 33.27, 28; comp. 35.47, 36.6.) [E.E]
Bu'teo 5. Q. Fabius Buteo, praetor B. C. 196, obtained the province of Further Spain. (Liv. 33.24, 26.)
Cethe'gus 1. M. Cornelius Cethegus, M. F. M. N., was curule aedile in B. C. 213, and pontifex maximus in the same year upon the death of L. Lentulus; praetor in 211 when he had the charge of Apulia; censor in 209 with P. Sempronius Tuditanus; and consul with the same colleague in 204. In the next year he commanded as proconsul in Cisalpine Gaul, where with the praetor Quintilius Varus he defeated Mago, the brother of Hannibal, and compelled him to quit Italy. He died in B. C. 196 (Liv. 25.2, 41, 27.11, 29.11, 30.18.) His eloquence was rated very high, so that Ennius gave him the name of Suadae medulla (ap. Cic. Cat. Maj. 14; comp. Brut. 15), and Horace twice refers to him as an ancient authority for the usage of Latin words. (Epist. 2.2. 116, Ars Poet. 50, and Schol. ad loc.
Dorimachus to make an incursion into Aetolia, advancing to Thermum, the capital city, and plundering it. Dorimachus is mentioned by Livy as one of the chiefs through whom M. Valerius Laevinus, in B. C. 211, concluded a treaty of alliance with Aetolia against Philip, from whom he vainly attempted, in B. C. 210, to save the town of Echinus, in Thessaly. In B. C. 204 he and Scopas were appointed by the Aetolians to draw up new laws to meet the general distress, occasioned by heavy debts, with which the two commissioners themselves were severely burdened. In B. C. 196 Dorimachus was sent to Egypt to negotiate terms of peace with Ptolemy V. (Epiphanes), his mission probably having reference to the conditions of amity between Ptolemy and Antiochus the Great, to whom the Aetolians were now looking for support against Rome. (Plb. 4.3-13, 16-19, 57,58, 67, 77; 5.1.3, 4-9. 11, 17; 9.42; 13.1; xviii 37; 20.1; Fragm. Hist. 68; Liv. 26.24; Brandstäter, Gesch. des Aetol. Landes, p. 342, &c.) [E.E
Erato'sthenes (*)Eratosqe/nhs), of Cyrene, was, according to Suidas, the son of Aglaus, according to others, the son of Ambrosius, and was born B. C. 276. He was taught by Ariston of Chius, the philosopher, Lysanias of Cyrene, the grammarian, and Callimachus, the poet. He left Athens at the invitation of Ptolemy Evergetes, who placed him over the library at Alexandria. Here he continued till the reign of Ptolemy Epiphanes. He died at the age of eighty, about B. C. 196, of voluntary starvation, having lost his sight, and being tired of life. He was a man of very extensive learning : we shall first speak of him as a geometer and astronomer. As Geometer and Astronomer It is supposed that Eratosthenes suggested to Ptolemy Evergetes the construction of the large armillae or fixed circular instruments which were long in use at Alexandria : but only because it is difficult to imagine to whom else they are to be assigned; for Ptolemy (the astronomer), though he mentions them, and incident
upernatural voices. Similar rites are described by Ovid as having taken place on the Aventine. (Comp. Isidor. 8.11, 87.) There is a tradition that Numa, by a stratagem, compelled Picus and his son Faunus to reveal to him the secret of calling down lightning from heaven [ELICIUS], and of purifying things struck by lightning. (Arnob. 5.1; Plut. Num. 15; Ov. Fast. 3.291, &c.) At Rome there was a round temple of Faunus, surrounded with columns, on Mount Caelius and another was built to him, in B. C. 196, on the island in the Tiber, where sacrifices were offered to him on the ides of February, the day on which the Fabii had perished on the Cremera. (Liv. 33.42, 34.53; P. Vict. Reg. Urb. 2; Vitr. 3.1; Ov. Fast. 2.193.) In consequence of the mauner in which be gave his oracles, he was looked upon as the author of spectral appearances and terrifying sounds (Dionys. A. R. 5.16); and he is therefore described as a wanton and voluptuous god, dwelling in woods, and fond of nymphs. (Horat. l.c.) T
Flamini'nus 4. T. Quintius Flamininus. As he is said to have been about thirty-three years old in B. C. 196, he must have been born about B. C. 230. (Liv. 33.33.) He is called by Aurelius Victor (De Vir. Illustr. 51) a son of C. Flaminius, who fell in the battle on Lake Trasimenus; but this statement arises from a confusion of the Flaminia gens with the family of the Flaminini. [FLAMINIA GENS.] He was the brother of L. Quintius Flamininus [No. 3], and is first mentioned in history in B. C. 201him to treat the Boeotians leniently. He accordingly made peace with them, on condition of their delivering up to him the guilty persons, and paying thirty talents as a reparation, instead of 100 which he had demanded before. In the spring of B. C. 196, and shortly after the peace with Boeotia, ten Roman commissioners arrived in Greece to arrange, conjointly with Flamininus, the affairs of the country; they also brought with them the terms on which a definite peace was to be concluded with Ph
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