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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 4 4 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 4 Browse Search
Plato, Republic 2 2 Browse Search
James Russell Lowell, Among my books 2 2 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.1, Alabama (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: August 20, 1863., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 1260 AD or search for 1260 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Androni'cus Ii. Palaeo'logus or Androni'cus Ii. or Androni'cus the Elder or the Elder Androni'cus the Elder (*)Androni/kos *Palaio/logos), emperor of CONSTANTINOPLE, the eldest son of the emperor Michael Palaeologus, was born A. D. 1260. At the age of fifteen he was associated with his father in the government, and he ascended the throne in 1283. Michael had consented to a union between the Greek and Latin churches on the second general council at Lyon, but Andronicus was opposed to this measure, and was at length excommunicated by pope Clement V. in 1307. During this the Greek armies were beaten by Osman, the founder of the Turkish empire, who gradually conquered all the Byzantine possessions in Asia. In this extremity Andronicus engaged the army and the fleet of the Catalans, a numerous band of warlike adventurers, to assist him against the Turks. Roger de Flor, or de Floria, the son of a German noble at the court of the emperor Frederic II., the commander of these adventurers, acco
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Arse'nius or Arse'nius Autorianus (search)
ppears to have passed some time also in one of the monasteries on mount Athos. At length, about A. D. 1255, the emperor Theodorus Lascaris the Younger raised him to the dignity of patriarch. In A. D. 1259, when the emperor died, he appointed Arsenius and Georgius Muzalo guardians to his son Joannes; but when Muzalo began to harbour treacherous designs against the young prince, Arsenius, indignant at such faithless intrigues, resigned the office of patriarch, and withdrew to a monastery. In A. D. 1260, when the Greeks had recovered possession of Constantinople under Michael Palaeologus, Arsenius was invited to the imperial city, and requested to resume the dignity of patriarch. In the year following, the emperor Michael Palaeologus ordered prince Joannes, the son of Theodorus Lascaris, to be blinded; and Arsenius not only censured this act of the emperor publicly, but punished him for it with excommunication. Michael in vain implored forgiveness, till at length, enraged at such presumpt
h, a well-known astronomer. After him, according to D'Herbelot, Othman of Damascus (of uncertain date, but before the thirteenth century) saw at Rome a Greek manuscript containing many more propositions than he had been accustomed to find: he had been used to 190 diagrams, and the manuscript contained 40 more. If these numbers be correct, Honein could only have had the first six books; and the new translation which Othman immediately made must have been afterwards augmented. A little after A. D. 1260, the astronomer Nasireddin gave another edition, which is now accessible, having been printed in Arabic at Rome in 1594. It is tolerably complete, but yet it is not the edition from which the earliest European translation was made, as Peyrard found by comparing the same proposition in the two. The first European who found Euclid in Arabic, and translated the Elements into Latin, was Athelard or Adelard, of Bath, who was certainly alive in 1130. (See "Adelard," in the Biogr. Dict. of the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Michael Viii. or Michael Palaeo'logus (*Mixah\l o( *Palaiolo/gos), emperor of Nicaea, and afterwards of Constantinople, from A. D. 1260 to 1282, the restorer of the Greek empire, was the son of Andronicus Palaeologus and Irene Angela, the granddaughter of the emperor Alexis Angelus. He was born in 1234. At an early age he rose to eminence, which he owed to his uncommon talents as much as to his illustrious birth, and to the same causes he was indebted for many a dangerous persecution. Without dwelling upon his earlier life, we need only mention that he was once obliged to take refuge at the court of the sultan of Iconium, and having subsequently been appointed governor of the distant town of Durazzo, the slander of his secret enemy followed him thither, and he was carried in chains to Nicaea. He justified himself, however, and the emperor Theodore II. Lascaris held him in higher esteem than he had ever done before. This emperor died in August 1259, leaving a son, John III., who was on
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
=|n sunegra/yato *Manouh\l o( tou= *Krh/ths a)neyio\s, i. e. " A reply to certain writings of Manuel, the nephew of the Cretan." These notices, together with the existence in manuscript, in the library of St. Mark at Venice (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vi. p. 323, note pp), of a work of Moschopulus, Contra Latinos, combine to show that the younger Moschopulus was contemporary with and was engaged in the religious dissensions occasioned by the attempt begun by the emperor Michael Palaeologus (A. D. 1260), and abandoned by his son the elder Andronicus, a short time after his accession (A. D. 1282), to unite the Greek and Latin churches ; and that he survived the appointment to the office of Logotheta of Theodorus Metochita, who held that office in perhaps A. D. 1294. These dates are consistent with the supposition that his uncle the Cretan was one of the teachers of Pachymeres, and afford some probability to the conjecture that Pachymer refers to him. These scanty notices have been industr
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Nicola'us Myrepsus (search)
shortly preceded the death of the empress Irene. Here he was held in great esteem by the emperor, and attained the dignity of Actuarius (id. ibid.; see Dict. of A t. p. 611b.). All this agrees very well with the scattered notices of his date and his personal history that we find in his own work. He mentions Mesie the younger (32.117, p. 706), who died A. D. 1015; "Michael Angelus regalis" (1.295, p. 420), who is probably the first emperor of the family of the Palaeologi, and began to reign A. D. 1260; "Papa Nicolaus" (2.9, p. 469), who seems to be Pope Nicholas III., who began to reign A. n. 1277; and "Dominus Joannes" (10.103, p. 575), and " Magister Johannes " (32.99, p. 703 ), who is probably Joannes Actuarius, who lived in the thirteenth century. He mentions his having visited or lived at Nicaea (24.12, p. 657), and also Alexandria (1.241, 17.17, pp 412, 612), whence he is sometimes called Nicolaus Alexandrinus. Works Antidotarium His work has hitherto only been published in L
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Pepago'menus, Deme'trius (*Dhmh/trios *Pepagome/nos), a Greek medical writer. He is supposed to have lived towards the end of the thirteenth century after Christ, and to have dedicated one of his works to the emperor Michael Palaeologus, A. D. 1260-1282. Works *Peri\ *Poda/gras,De Podagra He is the author of a treatise, *Peri\ *Poda/gras,De Podagra, which has been attributed by some persons to Michael Psellus (Leo Allatius, De Psellis, § 52, ap. Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. v. ed. vet.). It consists of forty-five short chapters, besides the preface and conclusion, and, though principally compiled from former writers, is curious and interesting. A good analysis of its contents is given by Mr. Adams, in his commentary on Paulus Aegineta (3.78). Editions It was first published without the author's name, in a Latin translation by Marcus Masurus, Rom. 1517, 8vo.; and afterwards in Greek and Latin, Paris, 1558, 8vo. The last and best edition is by J. S. Bernard, Greek and Latin, Lu