Michael Viii. or Michael Palaeo'logus
（*Mixah\l o( *Palaiolo/gos), emperor of Nicaea, and afterwards of Constantinople, from A. D. 1260 to 1282, the restorer of the Greek empire, was the son of Andronicus Palaeologus and Irene Angela, the granddaughter of the emperor Alexis Angelus.
He was born in 1234.
At an early age he rose to eminence, which he owed to his uncommon talents as much as to his illustrious birth, and to the same causes he was indebted for many a dangerous persecution. Without dwelling upon his earlier life, we need only mention that he was once obliged to take refuge at the court of the sultan of Iconium, and having subsequently been appointed governor of the distant town of Durazzo, the slander of his secret enemy followed him thither, and he was carried in chains to Nicaea.
He justified himself, however, and the emperor Theodore II. Lascaris held him in higher esteem than he had ever done before.
This emperor died in August 1259, leaving a son, John III., who was on