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hools the journey to Indiana Pigeon Creek settlement Indiana schools Sally Bush Lincoln Gentryville work and books Satires and sermons flatboat voyage to New Orleans the journey to Illinois Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the United States, was born in a log cabin in the backwoods of Kentucky on the 12th day of February, 1809. His father, Thomas Lincoln, was sixth in direct line of descent from Samuel Lincoln, who emigrated from England to Massachusetts in 1638. Following the prevailing drift of American settlement, these descendants had, during a century and a half, successively moved from Massachusetts to New Jersey, from New Jersey to Pennsylvania, from Pennsylvania to Virginia, and from Virginia to Kentucky; while collateral branches of the family eventually made homes in other parts of the West. In Pennsylvania and Virginia some of them had acquired considerable property and local prominence. In the year 1780, Abraham Lincoln, the Preside
, Meadfoard. The Selectmen and Town-clerks often spelled it Meadford ; but, after April, 1715, it has been uniformly written Medford. No reason is given for these changes; and why it received its first name, history does not tell us. Josselyn in 1638, writes thus: On the north-west side of the (Mystic) river is the town of Mistick, three miles from Charlestown, a league and a half by water. This author gives the name of Mistick to land on the north side of the river, and reports a thriving posetts was quite as far advanced in agricultural skill and productive harvests as that of Connecticut; therefore, we can judge from Mr. Wolcott's farm in Connecticut what and how much our Medford farmers raised. That distinguished magistrate says (1638): I made five hundred hogsheads of cider out of my own orchard in one year! We apprehend these hogsheads were not of the modern size, but were a larger kind of barrel. He says: Cider is 10s. A hogshead. He gives an enumeration of products thus:
ge Felt1633. James Noyes1634. Richard Berry1636. Thomas Mayhew1636. Benjamin Crisp1636. James Garrett1637. John Smith1638. Richard Cooke1640. Josiah Dawstin1641. ----Dix1641. Ri. Dexter1644. William Sargent1648. James Goodnow1650. John portioned to the first settlers according to the decision of the Court of May 1, 1629; and Josselyn speaks of the town, in 1638, as a scattered village. We suppose that the three forts, or brick houses, were placed conveniently for the protection of suggested the erection of a bridge. Mr. Cradock's agent (Davison) commenced the building of a bridge over the river in 1638. The place selected was that where the present bridge stands; that being the most easterly spot, where the marshes, on thmen, whom he employed that season. Mr. Allerton fished with eight boats. Jossylyn speaks of Mr. Cradock's plantation, in 1638, on the west of Mystick River, where he has impaled a park; unquestionably the first park for deer impaled in this country
Mystic Bridge, its neighbors treated with it as a town; its inhabitants took the oath of fidelity, and its municipal organization conformed, to the laws of the Colony. The author of the History of Charlestown says of Medford, that the town, in 1638, commenced a suit, &c. Here Medford is called a town, in 1638, by Mr. F. himself, and is represented by him as acting in its corporate capacity in a legal process before the Quarter Court. If it had been only a manor, its lord or owner would hav1638, by Mr. F. himself, and is represented by him as acting in its corporate capacity in a legal process before the Quarter Court. If it had been only a manor, its lord or owner would have been its sovereign; and all its town-action, above described, could never have taken place. The same inference follows if we turn to the acts of the General Court. From 1630, the Court considered Medford a town, and treated it accordingly; and, when the inhabitants petitioned for an act of incorporation, the Legislature sent them the following reply: that the town had been incorporated, along with the other towns of the Province, by a general act, passed in 1630; and, under this act, it ha
fishing business continued for fifteen or twenty years, but with less and less profit to Mr. Cradock. It was finally abandoned as a failure; and afterwards the river-fishing alone claimed attention. May, 1639: The price of alewives in Medford, at this time, was five shillings per thousand. This made food incredibly cheap. That Mystic River, as a resort for fish, was early known and greatly valued, appears from many testimonies. In Josselyn's account of his two voyages to New England (1638) we have the following record: The river Mistick runs through the right side of the town (Charlestown), and, by its near approach to Charles River in one place, makes a very narrow neck, where stands most part of the town. The market-place, not far from the water-side, is surrounded with houses. In Mystic River were bass, shad, alewives, frost-fish, and smelts. Josselyn says, We will return to Charlestown again, where the river Mistick runs on the north side of the town (that is, the right
of his family]. 1636, March 3: For explanation of an order made at the General Court, in May, 1634, it is ordered, that hereafter all men shall be rated, in all rates, for their whole ability, wheresoever it lies. In a general levy of £ 600, in 1634, Meadford paid £ 26; Charlestown, £ 45. In 1635, in a levy of £ 200, Meadford paid £ 10, and Charlestown £ 16. Keeping about these proportions, Medford paid its share as follows: In 1635, £ 19. 15s.; in 1636, £ 15; in 1637, £ 49. 12s.; in 1638, £ 59. 5s. 8d.; in 1639, '40, and '41, no record of tax; in 1642, £ 10; in 1643, £ 7. Winthrop tells us, that,-- Of a tax of £ 1,500, levied by the General Court in 1637, the proportion paid by Medford was £ 52. 10s.; by Boston, £ 233. 10s.; Ipswich, £ 180; Salem, £ 170. 10s.; Dorchester, £ 140; Charles-town, £ 138; Roxbury, £ 115; Watertown, £ 110; Newton, £ 106; Lynn, £ 105. Mr. Savage says of this time (1637), Property and numbers, in a very short period, appear t
6, 1638. In 1637, Captain William Pierce was employed to carry Pequot captives and sell them in the West Indies! On his return from Tortugas, he brought home a cargo of cotton, tobacco, salt, and negroes ! Slavery was thus introduced as early as 1638; but, in 1645, the General Court passed this noble, this truly Christian, order:-- The General Court, conceiving themselves bound by the first opportunity to bear witness against the heinous and crying sin of man-stealing, as also to prescribe orms, is most probable. An early historian says of this region, Men and women keep their complexions, but lose their teeth. The falling off of their hair is occasioned by the coldness of the climate. He enumerates the diseases prevalent here in 1638: Colds, fever and ague, pleurisies, dropsy, palsy, sciatica, cancers, worms. Consumption is not mentioned! We apprehend that the health of our fathers was unusually good. There is scarcely mention of any epidemic. A new climate, poor food, sca
re, and very thick with trees of pine and beech; and the pond had divers small rocks standing up here and there in it, which they therefore called Spot Pond. They went all about it on the ice. 1633.--Puritans: Neal says, Hardly a vessel came into these ports but was crowded with passengers for New England. July 2, 1633.--It is ordered that no person sell either wine or strong water without leave from the governor or deputy-governor; and no man shall give any strong water to any Indian. 1638.--Wine shall not be sold by innholders; but they may brew the beer they sell. Oct. 1, 1633.--Thanksgiving-day appointed by the General Court,--the first on record. It was as follows: In regard to the many and extraordinary mercies which the Lord hath been pleased to vouchsafe of late to this plantation,--viz., a plentiful harvest, ships safely arrived with persons of special use and quality, &c.,--it is ordered that Wednesday, 16th of this present month, shall be kept as a day of public t
, his name, which had disappeared from the Watertown records, is to be seen on those of Concord, where he was constable in 1638. He settled in this latter town, and owned large estates there; in consequence, he was appointed to the various town-offi  5Rebecca, b. Mar. 19, 1739.  6Isaac, b. May 27, 1744.   He was probably a descendant of Edmund Greenleaf, of Newbury, 1638, and brother of Enoch 2 Hepzibah had, by Gardner Fifield,-- George G., b. Oct. 27, 1824; m. Sarah E. Richardson. 15, 1721.  6Susanna, b. 1721; d. Apr. 16, 1721.  7Sarah, b. Mar. 7, 1729.  1Porter, John (1), was of Windsor, Ct., in 1638; will proved, June, 1649; and had--  1-2Samuel, m. Hannah Stanley; was one of the first settlers of Hadley, in 1659; and nd it is perhaps a fair supposition, that he named his home for his English birthplace. He is supposed to have immigrated 1638-40; and was admitted a freeman, May 3, 1665, being then an inhabitant of Malden. He bought land in Medford, in 1664, of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bogardus, Everardus, 1633- (search)
n New Netherland; born in Holland. He and Adam Roelandson, school-master, came to America with Governor Van Twiller in 1633. Bogardus was a bold, outspoken man, and did not shrink from giving a piece of his mind to men in authority. Provoked by what he considered maladministration of public affairs, he wrote a letter to Governor Van Twiller, in which he called him a child of the devil, and threatened to give him such a shake from the pulpit the next Sunday as would make him shudder. About 1638 Bogardus married Annetje. widow of Roeloff Jansen, to whose hushand Van Twiller had granted 62 acres of land on Manhattan Island, now in possession of Trinity Church, New York. This is the estate which the heirs of Annetje Jansen Bogardus have been seeking for many years to recover. Being charged before the Classis of Amsterdam with conduct unbecoming a clergyman. Bogardus was about to go thither to defend himself on the arrival of Kieft, but the governor and council determined to retain
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