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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 340 AD or search for 340 AD in all documents.

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Aca'cius 3. The One-eyed (o( *Mono/fqalmos), the pupil and successor in the See of Caesarea of Eusebius A. D. 340, whose life he wrote. (Socrates, Hist. Eccl. 2.4.) He was able, learned, and unscrupulous. At first a Semi-Arian like his master, he founded afterwards the Homoean party and was condemned by the Semi-Arians at Seleucia, A. D. 359. (Socrates, Hist. Eccl. 2.39. 40 ; Sozomen, Hist. Eccl. 4.22. 23.) He subsequently became the associate of Aetius [AETIUS], the author of the Anomoeon, then deserted him at the command of Constantius, and, under the Catholic Jovian, subscribed the Homoousion or Creed of Nicaea. He died A. D. 366. Works He wrote seventeen Books on Ecclesiastes and six of Miscellanies. (St. Jerome, Vir. Ill. 98.) St. Epiphanius has preserved a fragment of his work against Marcellus (c. Haer. 72), and nothing else of his is extant, though Sozomen speaks of many valuable works written by him. (Hist. Eccl. 3.2.)
Collu'thus (*Ko/llouqos). 1. A heretic, who seems nearly to have agreed in his opinions with the Manichaeans. He was a presbyter of Alexandria. He was deposed by the council of Alexandria (A. D. 324), and died before A. D. 340. His sect lasted no long tim
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Constans I., Fla'vius Ju'lius> the youngest of the three sons of Constantine the Great and Fausta, was at an early age appointed by his father governor of Western Illyricum, Italy, and Africa, countries which he subsequently received as his portion upon the division of the empire in A. D. 337. After having successfully resisted the treachery and violence of his brother Constantine, who was slain in invading his territory, A. D. 340, Constans became master of the whole West, and being naturally indolent, weak, and profligate, abandoned himself for some years without restraint to the indulgence of the most depraved passions. While hunting in Gaul, he suddenly received intelligence that Magnentius [MAGNENTIUS] had rebelled, that the soldiers had mutinied, and that emissaries had been despatched to put him to death. Flying with all speed, he succeeded in reaching the Pyrenees, but was overtaken near the town of Helena (formerly Illiberis) by the cavalry of the usurper, and was slain, A.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Constanti'nus Ii. Fla'vius Clau'dius surnamed the Younger, Roman emperor, A. D. 337-340, the second son of Constantine the Great, and the first whom he had by his second wife, Fausta, was born at Arelatum, now Aries, in Gaul, on the 7th of August, A. D. 312. As early as A. D. 316, he was created Caesar, together with nis elder brother, Crispus, and the younger Licinius, and he held the consulship several times. In commemoration of the fifth anniversary of his Caesarship, in 321, the orator Nazd Italy by sea and by land, and at Aquileia met with the army of Constans, who approached from Dacia. Having rashly pursued the enemy when they gave way in a mock flight, Constantine was suddenly surrounded by them and fell under their swords. (A. D. 340.) His body was thrown into the river Alsa, but was afterwards found and buried with royal honours. He was twice married, but the names of his wives are not known; they probably both died before him, and he left no issue. Monody on his death
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
otamia; and as other fortified places in that country as well as in the mountains of Armenia were equally well defended, Sapor gained victories without making any acquisitions. Being thus engaged in the east, Constantius was prevented from paying due intention to the west, and he was obliged to be a quiet spectator of the civil war between his brothers, in which Constantine was slain at Aquileia, and Constans got possession of the whole share of Constantine in the division of the empire (A. D. 340). In 350, Constans was murdered by the troops of Magnentius, who assumed the purple and was obeyed as emperor in Britain, Gaul, and Spain; at the same time Vetranio, commander of the legions in the extensive province of Illyricum, was forced by his troops to imitate the example of Magnentius, and he likewise assumed the purple. It was now time for Constantius to prove with his sword that none but a son of the great Constantine should rule over Rome. At the head of his army he marched from
favour with the imperial family till his death. He was offered the see of Antioch on the death of Eustathius, but declined it, considering the practice of translations objectionable, and, indeed, contrary to one of the canons agreed upon at the recent council of Nicaea. For this moderation he was exceedingly praised by Constantine, who declared that he was universally considered worthy to be the bishop not of one city only, but almost of the whole world. (Socrat. H. E. 1.18.) He died about A. D. 340; so that his birth, his elevation to high office, and his death, nearly coincide in time with those of his imperial patron. Assessment The character of Eusebius, and his honesty as a writer, have been made the subject of a fierce attack by Gibbon, who (Decline and Fall, c. xvi.) accuses him of relating whatever might redound to the credit, and suppressing whatever would tend to cast reproach on Christianity, and represents him as little better than a dishonest sycophant, anxious for not
Marcelli'nus the chief minister of the usurper Magnentius, first appears in history as Praefectus Orientis, in A. D. 340, and is probably the Marcellinus who stands in the Fasti as consul the following year. He was Comes Sacrarum Largitionum under Constans, and the most active promoter, if not the first contriver of the conspiracy by which that prince was destroyed (A. D. 350). Marcellinus, now holding the rank of Magister Officiorum and general in chief of the troops, was employed by the usurper to suppress the insurrection of Nepotianus, on which occasion he displayed the most savage cruelty towards the wealthier and more distinguished inhabitants of Rome. He subsequently headed the embassy despatched to offer terms of peace and alliance to Constantius, and is said to have been seized and detained by the indignant emperor, but we find him soon afterwards at liberty, commanding the armies of the West, and he probably perished at the great battle of Mursa, A. D. 351. Marcellinus is
zeal of these youths. They had between them but one change of raiment (i(ma/tion kai\ tribw/nion), and three thin, faded blankets (strw/mata). When Proaeresius went forth to the public schools, his friend lay in bed working his exercises, and this they did alternately. Proaeresius soon acquired a high place in his master's esteem, of which, as well as his own merit, a singular proof is given by Eunapius (ibid. p. 71,&c.). On the death of Julian (according to Clinton, Fast. Rom. p. 401, in A. D. 340), who left Proaeresius his house (Eunap. ibid. p. 69), it was determined no longer to confine the chair of rhetoric to one, but to extend this honour to many. (Eunap. ibid. p. 79.) Epiphanius, Diophantus, Sopolis, Parnasius, and Hephaestion were chosen from among a crowd of competitors; but Hephaestion left Athens, dreading competition with Proaeresius. The students, generally, betook themselves to their professors, according to their nations; and there attached themselves to Proaeresius t