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Jay was its first President; Alexander Hamilton its second. Rhode Island followed in 1786; Maryland in 1789; Connecticut in 1790; Virginia in 1791; New Jersey in 1792. The discovery that such societies were at war with the Federal Constitution, or with the reciprocal duties of citizens of the several States, was not made till nearly forty years afterward. These Abolition Societies were largely composed of the most eminent as well as the worthiest citizens. Among them were, in Maryland, Samuel Chase, a signer of the Declaration, and Luther Martin, one of the framers of the Constitution; in Delaware, James A. Bayard, Father of one of her present U. S. Senators. afterward in Congress, and Caesar A. Rodney, who became Attorney-General. The Pennsylvania Society had Benjamin Franklin for its President, and Benjamin Rush for Secretary — both signers of the Declaration. This, Franklin, then 84 years of age, signed this memorial on the 3d of February, 1790, and died on the 17th of Ap
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carroll, Charles, of Carrollton 1737-1832 (search)
f the Provincial Convention. Early in 1776 he was one of a committee appointed by Congress to visit Canada to persuade the Canadians to join the other colonies in resistance to the measures of Parliament. His colleagues were Dr. Franklin and Samuel Chase. The committee were accompanied by Rev. John Carroll. The mission was fruitless; and when, in June, the committee returned to Philadelphia, they found the subject of independence under consideration in Congress. Carroll and Chase induced MaChase induced Maryland to change its attitude. Carroll took his seat in Congress in time to vote for the Declaration of Independence. He signed that document, and was the last survivor of that band of fifty-six patriots. Mr. Carroll served his State in its Assembly, in the national Congress, and in other responsible offices, with fidelity and ability. At the age of over ninety years (July 4, 1828) he laid the corner-stone of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, attended by an imposing civic procession. The sto
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carroll, John 1735- (search)
ohn Carroll. Upper Marlboro, Md., Jan. 8, 1735; was educated at St. Omer's, Liege, and Bruges; ordained a priest in 1769, and entered the order of Jesuits soon afterwards. He travelled through Europe with young Lord Staunton in 1770 as private tutor, and in 1773 became a professor in the college at Bruges. In 1775 he returned to Maryland, and the next year, by desire of Congress, he accompanied a committee of that body on a mission to Canada. That committee was composed of Dr. Franklin, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, and Samuel Chase. He was appointed the papal vicargeneral for the United States in 1786, and made Baltimore his fixed residence. In 1790 he was consecrated the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States. He founded St. Mary's College in 1791, and in 1804 obtained a charter for Baltimore College. Liberal in his views, he maintained the friendship of all Protestant sects. A few years before his death, in Georgetown, D. C., Dec. 3, 1815, he was made archbishop.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chase, Samuel 1741- (search)
Chase, Samuel 1741- Jurist; born in Somerset county, Md., April 17, 1741; admitted to the bar in 1761; entered on practice at Annapolis, and soon rose to distinction. He was twenty years a member of the colonial legislature; was a strong opposfavor of independence, so as to authorize him and his colleagues to vote for the Declaration, which he signed. In 1783 Mr. Chase was sent to England, as agent for Maryland, to redeem a large sum of money intrusted to the Bank of England, $650,000 o Congress in the early part of 1804, it was determined by the leaders of the dominant, or Democratic, party to impeach Judge Chase, then associate-justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was an ardent Federalist, and warmly attached the Senate, notwithstanding his reputation was permanently blasted and an indictment for murder was impending over him. Judge Chase's trial served to check the overbearing demeanor of the judges on the bench which prevailed in his time. He died June
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
ervensey run ashore by the supply-steamer Newbern, and taken; worth, with cargo, $1,000,000.—13. The United States House of Representatives repealed the Fugitive Slave law.—17. Near Atlanta 600 Confederate conscripts fled to the Union lines.—22. Battle of Culp's Farm, Ga.—24. Maryland Constitutional Convention passed an emancipation clause.—25. General Pillow, with 3,000 Confederates, repulsed at Lafayette, Tenn. —27. General Carr defeated the Confederates near St. Charles, Mo.—30. Secretary Chase, of the Treasury, resigned his office. —July 1. General Sherman captured 3,000 prisoners near Marietta, Ga.—3. General Sherman occupied Kenesaw Mountain at daylight.—4. A national salute of doubleshotted cannon fired into Petersburg, Va. —5. The Confederates in Jackson flanked and driven out by General Slocum. Gen. Bradley Johnson, with 3,000 Confederate troops, crossed the Potomac into Maryland.—9. Governor Brown, of Georgia, called out the reserve militia, from fift
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, National (search)
President's message. The Secretary of War (Mr. Cameron) recommended the enlistment of men for three years, with a bounty of $100, for the additional regiments of the regular army: also, that appropriations be made for the construction, equipment, and current expenses of railways and telegraphs for the use of the government; for the furnishing of a more liberal supply of approved arms for the militia, and an increase in the clerical force of his department. The Secretary of the Treasury (Mr. Chase) asked for $240,000.000 for war expenses, and $80,000,000 to meet the ordinary demands for the fiscal year. He proposed to raise the $80.000,000, in addition to the sum of nearly $66,000,000. by levying increased duties on specified articles, and also by certain internal revenues, or by the direct taxation of real and personal property. For war purposes, he proposed a national loan of not less than $100,000,000, to be issued in the form of treasury notes, bearing an annual interest of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Declaration of Independence. (search)
Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. Rhode Island, Etc. Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery. Connecticut. Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott. New York. William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris. New Jersey. Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark. North Carolina. William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. Georgia. Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton. Pennsylvania. Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamiin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, William Paca, George Ross. Delaware. Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean. Maryland. Samuel Chase, James Wilson, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Virginia. George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton. South Carolina. Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861 (search)
ot into the abolition camp. In pursuance of the arrangement the parties met at Springfield in October, 1854, and proclaimed their new platform. Lincoln was to bring into the abolition camp the old-line Whigs, and transfer them over to Giddings, Chase, Fred Douglass, and Par- Monument to Stephen A. Douglas. son Lovejoy, who were ready to receive them and christen them in their new faith. They laid down on that occasion a platform for their new Republican party, which was thus to be construd him everywhere, and he was again submerged, or obliged to retire into private life, forgotten by his former friends. He came up again in 1854, just in time to make this abolition or Black Republican platform, in company with Giddings, Lovejoy, Chase, and Fred Douglass, for the Republican party to stand upon. Trumbull, too, was one of our own contemporaries. He was born and raised in old Connecticut, was bred a Federalist, but, removing to Georgia, turned nullifier when nullification was po
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hopkinson, Joseph 1770-1842 (search)
Hopkinson, Joseph 1770-1842 Jurist; born in Philadelphia, Nov. 12, 1770; son of Francis; graduated at the University of Pennsylvania; became a lawyer of much repute; and was the leading counsel of Dr. Rush in his suit against Cobbett (see Cobbett, William). He was also counsel for Judge Samuel Chase (q. v.) in his impeachment trial. As a member of Congress (1816-20), he distinguished himself by his course on the tariff question, and by his opposition to a recharter of the United States Bank. In 1828 he was appointed judge of the United States district court of eastern Pennsylvania, an office which his father and grandfather had held. He was a leading member of the convention that revised the constitution of Pennsylvania in 1837. Mr. Hopkinson was vice-president of the American Philosophical Society. His best known literary production is hail, Columbia (q. v.). He died in Philadelphia, Jan. 15, 1842.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Impeachment. (search)
Constitution (1) to removal from office; (2) to disqualification from holding and enjoying any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States government. Important cases: (1) William Blount, United States Senator from Tennessee, for conspiring to transfer New Orleans from Spain to Great Britain, 1797-98; acquitted for want of evidence. (2) John Pickering, judge of the district court of New Hampshire, charged with drunkenness, profanity, etc.; convicted March 12, 1803. (3) Judge Samuel Chase, impeached March 30, 1804; acquitted March 1, 1805. (4) James H. Peck, district judge of Missouri, impeached Dec. 13, 1830, for arbitrary conduct, etc.; acquitted. (5) West H. Humphreys, district judge of Tennessee, impeached and convicted for rebellion, Jan. 26, 1862. (6) Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, impeached of high crimes and misdemeanors, Feb. 22, 1868; acquitted. (7) W. W. Belknap, Secretary of War, impeached for receiving money of posttraders among the India<
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