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ished Camp Wood, on the Nueces river, about forty miles distant from its source, and at this post my company continued in the performance of the ordinary duties of soldiers upon the frontier till the declaration of war in 1861. In November, 1860, I was granted a leave of absence for six months, and on my arrival at Indianola I received an order directing me to report for duty as Chief of Cavalry at West Point. I immediately proceeded to Washington, and made application in person to Colonel S. Cooper, Adjutant General, to be relieved from the order and allowed to avail myself of the leave of absence already granted. I shall ever remember the astonishment of this old and most worthy soldier at my unwillingness to go to West Point. He turned quickly in his chair, saying: Lieutenant, you surprise me; this is a post and position sought by almost every soldier. I replied it was true, but I feared war would soon be declared between the States, in which event I preferred to be in a sit
ay that his duties were discharged with such ability and zeal, as to command my admiration. I regard him as one of the most promising officers of the army. I am, General, your obedient servant, (Signed) T. J. Jackson, Major General. General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General, C. S. A. Endorsed, New York, November 9th, 1866. The enclosed letter from General Jackson to General Cooper was handed to General Hood by Mr. Meyer (a former clerk in the War Department at Richmond), aGeneral Cooper was handed to General Hood by Mr. Meyer (a former clerk in the War Department at Richmond), at the Southern Hotel in this city. The letter is the original, and preserved by Mr. Meyer. (Signed) F. S. Stockdale. The foregoing letter is doubly kind in its tenor, inasmuch as I was not serving in General Jackson's Corps at the time. During the 18th the Confederate Army remained in possession of the field, buried the dead, and that night crossed near Shepherdstown to the south side of the Potomac. Soon thereafter my division marched to a point north of Winchester, and passed a pl
864. General:--I respectfully recommend Major General J. B. Hood for promotion to the rank of Lieutenant General, for distinguished conduct and ability in the battle of the 20th inst. General Hood handled his troops with the coolness and ability that I have rarely known by any officer, on any field, and had the misfortune, after winning the battle, to lose one of his limbs. I remain, sir, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed) J. Longstreet, Lieutenant General. General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General. Endorsed: Headquarters, near Chattanooga, September 24th, 1863. W. D. 1988. J. Longstreet, Lieutenant General, recommends Major General J. B. Hood for promotion to the rank of Lieutenant General for distinguished services in the battle of the 2oth inst. I cordially unite in this just tribute. Braxton Bragg, General. Respectfully submitted to the Secretary of War. By order Ed. A. Palfrey, Lieutenant Colonel and Assistant Adj
ate line, its right a little south of Mill Creek Gap, and its left near the Cleveland road. General Wigfall furnishes the following information obtained from the War Office: Johnston's Narrative, page 590. It was not till the 4th of May that General Polk was ordered to move with Loring's Division and other available force at your command to Rome, Georgia, and thence unite with General Johnston. On the same page he states that on the 6th of May the following dispatch was sent to General Cooper, at Richmond, by General Polk from Demopolis, Alabama, My troops are concentrating and moving as directed. It will be seen that on the 4th of May, Polk's Army had been ordered to join the Army of Tennessee; was concentrating and moving forward rapidly by rail from Demopolis on the 6th, having but a short distance to march; and that General Sherman did not take up his position in front of Rocky-faced Ridge until the afternoon of the 7th of May. Between the two Armies arose, I might
ree creek. He formed a line parallel to this creek, with his right on the river, and approached Atlanta from the north, whilst Schofield and McPherson, on the left, marched rapidly in the direction of Decatur to destroy the railroad to Augusta. General Johnston thus relates the sequel: Johnston's Narrative, pages 348, 349, 350. On the 17th, Major General Wheeler reported that the whole Federal Army had crossed the Chattahoochee. * * * The following telegram was received from General Cooper, dated July 17th: Lieutenant General J. B. Hood has been commissioned to the temporary rank of General, under the late law of Congress. I am directed by the Secretary of War to inform you that, as you have failed to arrest the advance of the enemy to the vicinity of Atlanta, far in the interior of Georgia, and express no confidence that you can defeat or repel him, you are hereby relieved. from the command of the Army and Department of Tennessee, which you will immediately turn over t
1865. Lieutenant General J. B. Hood. After reading your report, as submitted, I informed General Cooper, by telegraph, that I should prefer charges against you as soon as I have leisure to do so, rges against me. I am under orders for the Trans-Mississippi Department. I shall inquire of General Cooper whether I am to await my trial or proceed as ordered. I will be ready to meet any charges y the War Department for a Court of Inquiry. Chester, South Carolina, April 5th 1865. General S. Cooper. I have the honor to request that a Court of Inquiry be assembled at the earliest pracle, April 5th, 1865. Lieutenant General J. B. Hood. Proceed to Texas as heretofore ordered. S. Cooper, A. I. G. Danville, April 7th, 1865. Lieutenant General J. B. Hood. A Court of Inquir cannot be convened in your case at present. You will proceed to Texas as heretofore ordered. S. Cooper, A. I. G. Had I been granted a Court of Inquiry at that date, I would have produced strong
l Clayton displayed admirable coolness and courage that afternoon and the next morning in the discharge of his duties. General Gibson, who evinced conspicuous gallantry and ability in the handling of his troops, succeeded, in concert with Clayton, in checking and staying the first and most dangerous shock which always follows immediately after a rout. The result was that even after the Army passed the Big Harpeth, at Franklin, the brigades and divisions were marching in regular order. Captain Cooper, of my staff, had been sent to Murfreesboroa to inform General Forrest of our misfortune, and to order him to make the necessary dispositions of his cavalry to cover our retreat. Although the campaign proved disastrous by reason of the unfortunate affair at Spring Hill, the short duration of daylight at Franklin, and, finally, because of the non-arrival of the expected reinforcements from the Trans-Mississippi Department, it will nevertheless be of interest to note how deeply concerne
Appendix. General Hood's report. The operations of the Army of Tennessee.Richmond, Va., Feb. 15th, 1865. General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General, Richmond, Va. General:--I have the honor to submit the following Report of the operations of the Army of Tennessee, while commanded by me, from July 18th, 1864, to January 23d, 1865. The results of a campaign do not always show how the General in command has discharged his duty. Their enquiry should be not what he has done, but what he should have accomplished with the means under his control. To appreciate the operations of the Army of Tennessee, it is necessary to look at its history during the three months which preceded the day on which I was ordered to its command. To do this, it is necessary either to state in this report all the facts which illustrate the entire operations of the Army of Tennessee in the recent campaign, or to write a supplemental or accompanying report. I deem the former more appropriat