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Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
istinguished appearance, and fine conversational powers, who commanded a light battery in Pillow's division, was twice brevetted and wounded at Chapultepec. John Sedgwick was with the army, first lieutenant of artillery, a classmate of Bragg and Early and Hooker, twice brevetted; and so was Richard S. Ewell, a typical dragoon; Ambrose P. Hill, only twenty-one years old, second lieutenant of the First Artillery; and Daniel H. Hill, Jubal Early, and many others who afterward became famous. LitJubal Early, and many others who afterward became famous. Little did these young fellows, who marched, bivouacked, fought, and bled side by side on the burning sands of old Mexico, imagine that in less than two decades McDowell would be training his guns on Johnston and Beauregard at first Manassas, while McClellan, Pope, Burnside, Hooker, Meade, and Grant would each in turn test the prowess of Lee; nor did their old commander, Scott, dream he was training these young men in practical strategy, grand tactics, and the science of war, in order that they mi
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
left only twenty thousand troops for its defense. This report, and General Jackson's movements in the Valley of Virginia, alarmed the Federal authorities, and they immediately ordered McDowell's corps to return to Washington. With the corps of McDowell's added to McClellan's great army the fall of Richmond might have been accomplished. These movements of the Federal troops were of course speedily communicated to General Johnston on the Rappahannock, and D. H. Hill's, D. R. Jones's, and Early's divisions were put in march to re-enforce Magruder. General Beauregard had been detached from Johnston and sent to Kentucky. When later it was evident the Peninsula would be the route selected for the Federal advance, Johnston at once proceeded to that point with the remainder of his army, except General Ewell's division, which with a regiment of cavalry was left on the line of the Rappahannock, and Jackson's division, in the Valley of Virginia. Had McClellan assailed Magruder's lines a
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 10: Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg. (search)
eral Starke (as General Lee called him), who succeeded him, was killed. General Lawton was wounded, and was succeeded by Early, who had been supporting the cavalry and horse artillery in defending a most important hill, which if occupied by the eneded and enfiladed Jackson's position, and who got in with his brigade, as he usually did, at the proper moment. Hood and Early, re-enforced by the brigades of Ripley, Colquitt, and Garland, under Colonel McRae, of Hill's division, and D. R. Jones, up fresh troops. General McLaws arrived just in time to meet them; General Walker brought from the right, together with Early's division, drove the Federals back in confusion, beyond the position occupied at the beginning of the engagement. Throke through a gap in Jackson's line between Thomas's and Archer's brigade, but fresh troops came up under Taliaferro and Early, amid cries of Here comes old Jubal! Let Jubal straighten that fence! and it was securely rebuilt. The Union troops
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 11: Chancellorsville. (search)
on's corps, composed of the divisions of A. P. Hill, Early, and D. H. Hill under Rodes, and Trimble under Colstgwick was held at arm's length. Lee wisely selected Early to keep, if possible, Sedgwick out of the difficultyer telegraphed him: You are all right. You have but Early's division in your frontbalance all up here. To oppose Sedgwick, Early had his division of seventy-five hundred officers and men, and Barksdale's brigade of fifteen hundred, making nine thousand. In addition, Early had Andrew's battalion of artillery of sixteen guns, Grahcellorsville until he connected with him, destroying Early in his front. He tells him that he will probably fa's corps in Hooker's front, he marched to McLaws and Early's assistance with Anderson's division. Anderson rean position. When the signal was given, Anderson and Early moved forward at once in gallant style, driving Sedgwo of his divisions. His remaining division, under Early, was sent to York to break the railroad between Harr
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 12: Gettysburg. (search)
M. came to Heth's and Pender's support, while Early's division, at about 3.30 P. M., moved in suchttysburg. Two brigades of Pender's and one of Early's division had scarcely fired a shot. Dole's,de's refused right at Culp's Hill. Johnson's, Early's, and Rodes's divisions, in order named, wereon the Carlisle road north of the town, Ewell, Early, and Rodes. The Confederate commander was the other two corps. Lee left the conference, Early states, with the distinct understanding that Lthe slopes of Culp's Hill to start first, then Early up Cemetery Hill, and Rodes to advance on EarlEarly's right. Johnson had in front a rugged and rocky mountain difficult of ascent-a natural fortince of twelve or fourteen hundred yards, while Early had to move only half that distance, without cbefore he drove in the enemy's skirmishers General Early had been compelled to withdraw. Gregg, wiforced by two brigades from Rodes and one from Early. General Longstreet's dispositions were no[1 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 13: campaign in Virginia.-Bristol Station.-mine Run.-Wilderness. (search)
doubt, being in part some old intrenchments, but without a ditch and open to the south, with which it was connected by a pontoon bridge. It was occupied by two of Early's brigades under Colonels Penn and Godwin, with four pieces of artillery. Daylight was fast disappearing; Russell's division of the Sixth Corps was in line of batle, whose strong apex rested on the river. It had received its first re-enforcements in the force under Breckinridge and Pickett's division, and Hoke's brigade of Early's division — in all seventy-five hundred men. And the whole army was in good condition; but its commanding general was ill, and so was one of his corps commanders,ter, who, having defeated the small Confederate force in the Valley, under W. E. Jones, was advancing via Staunton and Lexington to Lynchburg. On the 13th he sent Early with the Second Corps (Ewell's), eight thousand muskets and twenty-four pieces of artillery, to join him. Lee then crossed the James, and on that night his tent wa
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 14: siege of Petersburg. (search)
, had relinquished the command of his corps to Early, and with eight thousand muskets this officer hburg to the mountains of West Virginia before Early could strike him. Then General Lee submitted to Early the question whether the condition of his troops would permit him to threaten Washington asrg, in the Valley of Virginia, on the 22d. General Early could not have held Washington if he had ed not dare to weaken his lines by re-enforcing Early. Early's presence in the lower valley was menhe could relieve Petersburg-and so re-enforced Early by a division of cavalry and one of infantry, orps. In that case Lee would again re-enforce Early and transfer the principal scene of hostilitiefeated, at Winchester, fourteen thousand under Early, the Confederate loss being about four thousaning his troops, he in turn attacked and routed Early, who lost twentythree pieces of artillery, eigd prisoners. Major-General Ramseur, one of Early's best and bravest officers, was mortally woun[2 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Index. (search)
, 376. Disaster at Five Forks, 376. Dix, General John A., 109, 172. Doubleday, General, 209, 227. Douglas, Stephen A., 83. Drewry's Bluff on the James, 350. Dungeness, Cumberland Island, 14, 15, 410. Dutch Gap Canal, 361. Early, General, Jubal, notice of, 47; mentioned, 228, 266, 276; defeats Wallace, 351; in front of Washington, 351. Elliott's infantry brigade, 355; wounded at Petersburg, 358. Embargo Act, the, 81. Emory, General William H., 54, 352. Evans, Captain, 151. Seventh United States Infantry, 32. Sharpsburg, the battle of, 208. Shaw, Mrs., James, mentioned, 14. Sheridan, General Philip H., notice of, 327; cavalry raid, 343; sent to the Valley, 352; victory at Fisher's Hill, 353; defeats Early, 353; at Five Forks, 377; at Titusville, 383. Sherman, Senator, John, 103. Sherman, General William T., at Savannah, 368; marching North, 370; at Goldsborough, 372; advice about Lee, 374. Shields, General, James, 39, 52, 144. Shippen, Dr.
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 4: from civil to military life (search)
right of secession. Up to President Lincoln's call for troops she refused to secede. She changed her position under the distinct threat of invasion. This was the turning point. The Whig party, the anti-secession party of Virginia, became the war party of Virginia upon this issue. As John B. Baldwin, the great Whig and Union leader, said, speaking of the effect of Lincoln's call for troops, We have no Union men in Virginia now. The change of front was instantaneous, it was intuitive. Jubal Early was the type of his party — up to the proclamation, the most extreme antisecessionist and anti-war man in the Virginia Convention; after the proclamation, the most enthusiastic man in the Commonwealth in advocacy of the war and personal service in it. But coming closer down, let us see how the logic of these events wrought itself out among my comrades of the Howitzer Company. We will take as a type in this instance the case of a brilliantly endowed youth of excellent family in Richmo
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 9: Malvern Hill and the effect of the Seven Days battles (search)
the man. It is a singular fact, and one which seems to demand explanation, that the prominent impression which Lee invariably seems to make is that of roundness, balance, perfection; and yet unquestionably his leading characteristic as a general is aggressive audacity. Take for example his leaving but 28,000 of 80,000 men between McClellan and Richmond, and with the other 52,000 crossing a generally impassable stream and attacking McClellan's 105,000 in entrenched positions. Mayhap old Jubal Early, who knew Lee and knew war as well as any other man on either side, has the right of it and suggests the true explanation when he says, speaking of this very operation: Timid minds might regard this as rashness, but it was the very perfection of a profound and daring strategy. And when we attempt to measure the effect of these Seven Days battles-when we note that within less than one month from the day he took command of an army with which he had had no previous personal connection, Le
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