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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 20 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Andre, John, 1751- (search)
f the captors — to Paulding, in St. Peter's church-yard, near Peekskill; to Van Wart, by the citizens of Westchester county, in 1829, in the Presbyterian church-yard at Greenburg, of which church the captor was an active officer and chorister for many years; and to Williams, in Schoharie county, N. Y. The King caused a monument to be placed in Westminster Abbey to the memory of Andre. It seems to be quite out of place among the worthies of England, for he was hanged as a spy, and was a plotter for the ruin of a people struggling for justice. But his monarch honored him for an attempted state service, knighted his brother, and pensioned his family. His Andre‘S monument in Westminster Abbey. remains were at first interred at the place of his execution and in 1821 were exhumed and conveyed to England. A monument was erected at the place of his execution to commemorate the event by the late Cyrus W. Field, but it was soon afterwards blown up by unknown persons. John A. And
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Atlantic Telegraph. (search)
may now seem, the time will come when this project will be realized. Almost eleven years afterwards an attempt was made to establish telegraphic communication between America and Europe by means of an insulated metallic cable under the sea. Cyrus W. Field, a New York merchant, was applied to for aid in completing a land line of telegraph on the Morse plan, then in the course of construction across Newfoundland--about 400 miles. The question occurred to him, Why not carry the line across the oc charter guaranteeing an exclusive right, for fifty years, to establish a telegraph from the American continent to that island. and thence to Europe. These gentlemen were Peter Cooper, Moses Taylor, Marshall O. Roberts. Chandler White, and Cyrus W. Field. Twenty-five years afterwards. all but one (Mr. White) were living, and again met in the same room, and around the same table whereon that association was signed, with the same attorney of the association then engaged, David Dudley Field.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cooper, Peter 1791- (search)
about 1840. Prospering greatly in business, Mr. Cooper conceived the idea of establishing in New York a free institute, something after the Polytechnic Institute in Paris. He erected a building, and endowed art schools and other means for fitting young men and young women of the working-classes for business, at a cost of between $600,000 and $700,000, and presented the Cooper Institute to the city in 1858. In the spring of 1854 he was one of the five gentlemen who met in the house of Cyrus W. Field and formed the New York, Peter Cooper Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company (see Atlantic Telegraph), and the first cable was laid partly under Mr. Cooper's supervision. He did everything in his power to aid the Union cause in the Civil War. An outspoken advocate of paper currency to be issued by the national government, he was urged in 1876 to become a candidate for the Presidency by friends of that financial system. He refused at first, but finally consented, though without
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Field, Cyrus West 1819-1892 (search)
Field, Cyrus West 1819-1892 Benefactor; born in Stockbridge, Mass., Nov. 30, 1819; was educated in his native town, and went to work when fifteen years old. In 1840 he began the manufacture and sale of paper on his own account, and in fifteen years became so prosperous that he was able to partially retire. About this time he became interested in ocean telegraphy, and for some time pondered the question whether a cable could not be stretched across the Atlantic. In 1854 he obtained from the Newfoundland legislature the exclusive right for fifty years to land cables on that island to be continued to the United States. He next formed a corporation consisting of Peter Cooper, Moses Taylor, Marshall O. Roberts, and Chandler White, and known as the New York, Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company, to procure and lay a cable. After many failures and disappointments a cable was successfully laid across the Atlantic in 1866 (see Atlantic Telegraph). For his achievement he receive
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grady, Henry Woodfen 1851-1892 (search)
His early publications, relating to the resources and possibilities of the State of Georgia, were published in the Atlanta Constitution. The clearness and practical vein of these letters attracted the attention of the editor of the New York Herald, who appointed Mr. Grady a correspondent for that paper. In 1872 he became interested in the Atlanta Herald, and in 1880 he bought a Henry Woodfen Grady. quarter interest in the Atlanta Constitution for $20,000, which sum was loaned him by Cyrus W. Field, and was repaid with interest within two years. During these years Mr. Grady was known chiefly as a painstaking journalist, warmly devoted to the promotion of the interests of the Southern States. In 1886 he accepted an invitation from the New England Society of New York to deliver the formal speech at its annual dinner (Dec. 22). He chose for his subject The New South, and the speech in its composition and delivery gave him a sudden and wide fame as an orator. On Dec. 12, 1889, he d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medals. (search)
t Donelson, Vicksburg, ChattanoogaGold. Jan. 28, 1864Cornelius VanderbiltGift of ship VanderbiltGold. July 26, 1866Capts. Creighton, Low, and StoufflerRescuing 500 passengers from the S. S. San Francisco. July 26, 1853. Creighton of the Three Bells, Glasgow; Low, of the bark Kelly, of Boston; and Stouffler, of the ship Antarctic, LiverpoolGold. Medals awarded by the Congress of the United States—Continued. Date of Resolution.To whom presented.For what service.Metal. March 2, 1867Cyrus W. FieldLaying the Atlantic cableGold. March 16, 1867George PeabodyPromotion of educationGold. March 1, 1871George F. RobinsonSaving William H. Seward from assassination, April 14, 1865. Besides the medal, $5,000Gold. Feb. 24, 1873Capt. Crandall and others, Long Island light-house keeper and crewSaving passengers from the Metis, of the New York and Providence line, Aug. 31, 1872Gold. June 16, 1874Centennial medals June 20, 1874Life-saving medals. 1st and 2d classThere have been presented a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
rom a barge at the Carnegie mills, Homestead, Pa., are attacked by strikers; several detectives and strikers killed or wounded......July 6, 1892 Entire National Guard of Pennsylvania is ordered to Homestead by Governor Pattison......July 10, 1892 Lock-out involving 3,000 striking miners begins in the Coeur d'alene mining district, in Shoshone county, Id., April 1; an attack is made by union men on new hands employed in the Gem mine, in which several are killed......July 11, 1892 Cyrus W. Field, born 1819, dies at Ardsley, N. Y.......July 12, 1892 River and harbor bill, appropriating $21,153,618 and authorizing in contracts $31,555,401, approved......July 13, 1892 Bland-Stewart free-silver bill, passed by the Senate, 29 to 25, July 1, is refused consideration in the House by 154 to 136......July 13, 1892 Proclamation of President commanding all persons in insurrection in Idaho to disperse......July 16, 1892 Indemnity of $75,000 in the matter of the Chilean affair
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
, 1876 Cornelius Vanderbilt dies at New York......Jan. 4, 1877 Rock salt first discovered in the State by Charles B. Everest, 4 miles from Warsaw......June 20, 1878 William Cullen Bryant, born 1794, dies at New York City......1878 Cyrus W. Field erects a monument in memory of Maj. John Andre on the site of his grave at Tappan......1879 Alonzo B. Cornell, Republican, elected governor......1879 New capitol at Albany opened......Feb. 12, 1879 State board of health authorized bymself, a by-stander, bruising Sage and others, and wrecking the building......Dec. 4, 1891 Greater New York bill fails in Assembly......March 15, 1892 Legislature appropriates $300,000 for the Columbian Exposition......March 22, 1892 Cyrus W. Field, born 1819, dies at Ardsley, N. Y.......July 12, 1892 Switchmen's strike at Buffalo, on the Erie Railroad, begins; strikers burning freight trains and destroying about $1,000,000 worth of property......Aug. 14, 1892 Sixty-fifth and 74th