biography differs from most works of the kind, in embracing fragments of so many lives.
Friend Hopper lived almost entirely for others; and it is a striking illustration of the fact, that I have foutive slaves, which form such a prominent portion of the book, were originally written by Friend Hopper himself, and published in newspapers, under the title of Tales of Oppression.
I have re-modelle, I have done it from recollection.
The facts, which were continually occurring within Friend Hopper's personal knowledge, corroborate the pictures of slavery drawn by Mrs. Stowe.
Her descriptions are no more fictitious, than the narratives written by Friend Hopper.
She has taken living characters and facts of every-day occurrence, and combined them in a connected story, radiant with the lighsuffer, after reading The Tender Mercies of a Slaveholder, and the suicide of Romaine?
Friend Hopper labored zealously for many, many years; and thousands have applied their best energies of head a
ome before that term expired.
I am resolved never to return to Virginia, said he. Where can I go to be safe?
Friend Hopper told him his master might be ignorant of the law, or forgetful of it. He advised him to remain with the family until he swith this prospect, and put the carriage and harness in good order.
As soon as that job was completed, he went to Friend Hopper and told him the news.
When assured that he was now a free man, according to law, he could hardly be made to believe it.rd by one of the hotel servants in case he should be arrested meanwhile.
The next morning, he again called upon Friend Hopper, who accompanied him to the office of William Lewis, a highly respectable lawyer, who would never take any fee for his sea; and cautioning him against any attempt to take him away, contrary to his own inclination.
The lawyer advised Friend Hopper to call upon the master and have some preparatory conversation with him, before Charles was sent to deliver the note.
He committed Ben to prison until morning, and despatched a note to Isaac T. Hopper informing him of the circumstance, and requesting him to call upon Dr. Rush.
Wy history; he lived with him two years, and was then a free man.
When Friend Hopper went to the prison, he found Ben in a state of great anxiety and distress.
He promised to do what he could for him. Finding him in such a humane mood, Friend Hopper urged him to bring Ben to the magistrate's office a short time before the hour appointed for the trial.
He did so, and found Friend Hopper already there, watching the clock.
The moment the hand pointed to nine, he remarked that the hour, of whuse occupied by colored people, he succeeded in eluding pursuit.
When Friend Hopper went home, he found him at his house.
He tried to impress upon his mind the pe go to sea. His first voyage was to the East Indies.
While he was gone, Friend Hopper negotiated with the master, who, finding there was little chance of regaining h
had all been carried into the country by their mother.
Business made it necessary for
Friend Hopper to be in the city during the day-time, and a colored domestic remained with him to take charge om up immediately, we will get a warrant to search the house.
Quit my premises, replied Friend Hopper.
The mayor dare not grant a warrant to search my house.
The men withdrew in no very good humhat he has no right to ask such a question; and that I am not bound to answer it, replied Friend Hopper.
If he is in my house, and if this man can prove it, I am liable to a heavy penalty; and no man
I am not a suspicious character.
The mayor smiled, as he replied, I don't know about that, Mr. Hopper.
In the present case, I am inclined to think you are a very suspicious character.
And so theds upon him. They released him as soon as they discovered their mistake; but the next day Friend Hopper had them arrested, and compelled them to enter into bonds for their good behavior.
On the follo
tly to the schooner.
In answer to his inquiries, the captain declared that all the hands had gone on shore, and that he was entirely alone in the vessel.
Friend Hopper called for a light, and asked him to open the forecastle, that they might ascertain whether any person were there.
He peremptorily refused; saying that his word ought to be sufficient to satisfy them.
Friend Hopper took up an axe that was lying on the deck, and declared that he would break the door, unless it was opened immediately.
In this dilemma, the captain, with great reluctance, unlocked the forecastle; and there they found the cook and the boy. The constable took them all in cusr's house.
He was in a towering passion, protesting his innocence, and threatening vengeance against everybody who should attempt to detain him. Badly as Friend Hopper thought of the man, he almost wished he had escaped, when he discovered that he had a wife and children to suffer for his misdoings.
His tender heart would not a
he put the laws at defiance.
Meanwhile, the vessel was gliding down the river, carrying friend Hopper to Newcastie.
He summoned the captain, and requested him to put the colored boy into the ferryoat, which was alongside ready to receive him. He was not disposed to interfere; but when Friend Hopper drew a volume from his pocket and read to him the laws applicable to the case, he became alarmed, and said the boy must be given up. Whereupon, Friend Hopper directed the child to go on deck, which he was ready enough to do; and the ferryman soon helped him on board the boat.
The Frenchman and his friends were very noisy and violent.
They attempted to throw Friend Hopper overboard; and there were so many of them, that they seemed likely to succeed in their efforts.
But he seized one of who was watching the conflict, contrived to bring his boat into a favorable position; and Friend Hopper suddenly let go the Frenchman's coat, and tumbled in.
When he returned to Philadelphia with t
vely refused to return to his business.
I have been referred to you to obtain an order to confine him to the cells on short allowance, till he submits.
Friend Hopper replied, I have been long acquainted with Jim. I was one of his teachers; and I have often admired his punctuality in attending school, and his patient industry iother man, on account of conscientious scruples.
It is your duty to have him punished, rejoined the blacksmith.
I am the best judge of that, answered Friend Hopper; and I do not feel justified in compelling him to submit to slavery.
The blacksmith was greatly exasperated, and went off, saying, I hope to mercy your daughtee earned a comfortable living, and looked happy and respectable; but his personal appearance was not improved by leaving his beard unshaved.
One day, when Friend Hopper met him in the street, he said, Jim, why dost thou wear that long beard?
It looks very ugly.
I suppose it does, he replied, but I wear it as a memorial of the
of inquest, and many others, were of opinion that his proceedings were not fully sanctioned by law. Accordingly, Friend Hopper, and two other members of the Abolition Society, caused him to be arrested and brought before a magistrate; not so much wation, the friends of the Frenchman were somewhat violent in his defence.
Upon one occasion, several of them took Friend Hopper up and put him out of the house by main force; while at the same time they let their friend out of a back door to avoid him. However, Friend Hopper met him a few minutes after in the street and seized him by the button.
Alarmed by the popular excitement, and by the perseverance with which he was followed up, he exclaimed in agitated tones, Mon Dieu!
What is it you dodo want?
I will do anything you do want.
I want thee to bestow freedom on that unfortunate woman and her child, replied Friend Hopper.
He promised that he would do so; and he soon after made out papers to that effect, which were duly recorded.
David Lea was a filthy looking man, apparently addicted to intemperance.
Friend Hopper asked him if he had any business in Philadelphia.
He answered, No.
He inquired whether he had any money, and he answered, No.
Friend Hopper then said to the magistrate, Here is a stranger without money, who admits that he has no regular means of obtaining a livelihood.
Judging from his appeas for runaway slaves; a fact which made the nature of his business sufficiently obvious.
Friend Hopper, had a serious conversation with him in prison, during which he stated that he was to have received forty-five dollars for restoring the slave to his master.
Friend Hopper told him if he would give an order upon Mr. Peacock for that amount, to go toward buying the slave's freedom, he should be was so exorbitantly high, that it was impossible to raise it. Under these circumstances, Friend Hopper thought it right to return the forty-five dollars to David Lea; but he declined receiving it. He
ms when I was an infant.
He was a most faithful servant.
Friend Hopper inquired which way the party had gone, and was informed that they wand in my life.
Ennells, hearing the name, said, So your name is Hopper, is it?
I have heard of you. It's time the world was rid of you. You have done too much mischief already.
When Friend Hopper inquired what mischief he had done, he replied, You have robbed many people of tree man out of the state and carry him into slavery.
When Friend Hopper went to his lodgings with a warrant and two constables, for this pustol and ordered them to withdraw, or he would shoot them.
Friend Hopper replied, These men are officers, and have a warrant to arrest thee ficer knocked him down, and would have repeated the blow, if Friend Hopper had not interfered.
Assisting Ennells to rise, he said, Thou hadstg to his good character.
His lawyer showed these letters to Friend Hopper, and proposed that the prosecution should be abandoned.