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sites, hypocrites, and thieves; without self-respect, religious aspirations, or the nobler traits which characterize humanity. They are almost as degraded intellectually as the lower hordes of inland Irish, or the indolent semi-civilized North American Indians; or the less than human white-skinned vermin who fester in the Five Points cellars, the North street saloons, or the dancing houses and levee of New Orleans or Charleston. Not so vile, however, as the rabble of the Platte Region, who distates. They hate slavery and the race that upholds it, and are longing for an opportunity to display that hatred. Not far from this territory, in a neighboring province of Mexico, live a nation of trained negro soldiers — the far-famed Florida Indians, who, after baffling and defying the United States, and after having been treacherously enslaved by the Creeks, incited thereto by Federal officials, bravely resisted their oppressors and made an Exodus, the grandest since the days of Moses, to
e confined his exertions to the pocketing of important bills, charters, and resolutions. A sort of mincemeat butcher, this; afraid of the ox's horns, indeed, but willing enough, if need be, to stand behind a fence and goad it gently. His successor is Mr. Sam. Medary, a Democratic midwife of territorial governments, who was thus rewarded for his attempt, in Minnesota, to swamp the ballots of American citizens by the fraudulent and literally naked votes of semi-civilized and unnaturalized Indians. If the history of their executive officers demonstrates that the Democracy are the special champions of slavery, no less clearly is the fact apparent and transparent in their judicial appointments for Kansas. Lecompte, Elmore, and Johnson were the first supreme judges. Judges Elmore and Johnson were discharged, with Governor Reeder, nominally for land speculations; but Elmore, really, as he himself declared in his letter to Mr. Cushing, in order that the dismission of two acknowledg
uguese in introducing negroes into Europe. --Ibid., p. 166. The great name of Columbus is indelibly soiled and stained by his undeniable and conspicuous implication in the enslavement of the Aborigines of this continent, so improperly termed Indians. Within two years after his great discovery, before he had set foot on the continent, he was concerned in seizing some scores of natives, carrying them to Spain, and selling them there as slaves. Columbus himself did not escape the stain. anaan and Ham. Even the voluptuous Leo X. declared that not the Christian religion only, but nature herself cries out against the state of Slavery. And Paul III., in two separate briefs, imprecated a curse on the Europeans who would enslave Indians, or any other class of men. --Ibid., p. 172. But, even without benefit of clergy, Negro Slavery, once introduced, rapidly, though thinly, overspread the whole vast area of Spanish and Portuguese America, with Dutch and French Guiana and the West
ution, In the Winter of 1830, the first year of Jackson rule at Washington, Houston came to that city from the wilds of the far West, in company with a band of Indians, who professed to have business there. He remained some weeks or months, ostensibly attending to this business, and made or renewed the acquaintance of one Dr. R red-hot shot, exploding its magazine. The result is thus summed up in the official report: Three hundred negroes, men, women, and children, and about twenty Indians, were in the fort; of these two hundred and seventy were killed, and the greater part of the rest mortally wounded. Commodore Patterson, in his official letter to the Secretary of the Navy, expressly justifies the destruction of this fort on the ground of its affording a harbor for runaway slaves and disaffected Indians: adding, they have no longer a place to fly to, and will not be so liable to abscond. The resistance interposed by Gen. Cass, our Minister at Paris in 1840-41, to the
of the United States. Whether much or little weight should be attached to the particular phraseology of these and other laws, which were not passed with any direct reference to the subject, I consider their tendency to be, as already indicated, to show that, in the apprehension of their framers, color was not a necessary qualification for citizenship. It would be strange, if laws were found on our statute-book to that effect, when, by solemn treaties, large bodies of Mexican and North American Indians, as well as free colored persons of Louisiana, have been admitted to citizenship of the United States. Mr. Curtis cites with effect the action of Congress in 1821 on the admission of Missouri, whereby that State was constrained to abandon and repudiate her attempt to prohibit the settlement of free negroes and mulattoes within her borders ; See page 80 of this work. whereof he says: It is true, that neither this legislative declaration, nor anything in the Constitution or
o and another come, without exciting any particular remark. They paid cash for everything, were sociable and friendly with their neighbors, and seemed to pass their time mainly hunting in the mountains; though it was afterward remembered that they never brought home any game. On one occasion, a neighbor remarked to the elder Mr. Smith (as old Brown was called), that he had observed twigs and branches bent down in a peculiar manner; which Smith explained by stating that it was the habit of Indians, in traveling through a strange country, to mark their path thus, so as to be able to find their way back. He had no doubt, he said, that Indians passed over these mountains, unknown to the inhabitants. Meantime, the greater number of the men kept out of sight during the day, so as not to attract attention, while their arms, munitions, etc., were being gradually brought from Chambersburg, in well-secured boxes. No meal was eaten on the farm, while old Brown was there, until a blessing
te pledges assistance to the Kentucky Unionists, 495. See Cairo and Alton. imports, value of, by 8th decennial census, 23. Indiana, Republicans beaten in, 301; Republicans a majority in, 326; the State pledges assistance to the Kentucky Unionists, 495. Indiana Territory, formation of, efforts to introduce Slavery, etc., 52-3. Indianapolis, Ind., President Lincoln at, 419. Indian Corn, 19; annual product of in 1859, 22. Indianola, Texas, Star of the West seized at, 413. Indians, enslavement of, 27; do. by the Puritans, 80; treatment of the Creeks and Cherokees by Georgia; President Adams protects them from the Georgian authorities, etc., 103; President Jackson favors their expulsion from Georgia, 104; their lands disposed of by lottery, 105; Georgia defies the Indian laws, and hangs Tassells, 106; treaties made with those of Kansas, 235. Ingersoll, Charles J., of Pa., reports in favor of Annexation, 171; extract from speech in 1845, 186. Ingersoll, Joseph R.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Abenakes, or Abnakis (search)
Abenakes, or Abnakis ( Men of the Eastern land ), a group of Algonquian (q. v.) tribes of Indians, originally occupying the territory now included within the State of Maine. They included the Penobscot, Norridgewock, and Arosguntacook families, and in the disturbances of the day adhered to the French, whose missionaries converted most of them to Christianity.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Apalache, Apalacha, Apalachi, or Appalachee, (search)
Apalache, Apalacha, Apalachi, or Appalachee, Various forms of the name of a tribe of North American Indians who dwelt in the vicinity of St. Mark's River, Florida, with branches extending northward to the Appalachian range. They were known, historically, as far back as 1526. The settlements of the tribe were mentioned in a petition to King Charles II., of Spain, in 1688, and it is believed that the tribe became broken up and scattered about 1702, the members becoming absorbed in other tribes.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Athabasca Indians, (search)
Athabasca Indians, A nation of North American Indians divided into two great families, one bordering on the Eskimos in the Northwest, and the other stretching along the Mexican frontier from Texas to the Gulf of California. The domain of the Northern family extends across the continent from Hudson Bay to the Pacific Ocean. There are some smaller bands of the same nation, scattered along the Pacific coast from Cook's Inlet to Umpqua River, in Oregon. The Northern family is divided into a large number of tribes, none of them particularly distinguished. The population of the Northern family is estimated at 32,000, that of the scattered bands at 25,000, and the Southern family at 17,000. The latter includes the Navajos and those fierce rovers, the Apaches, with which the government of the United States has had much to do. The Southern family also includes the Lipans on the borders of Texas. The Athabascans are distinguished for their heavy beards, short hands and feet, and squar
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