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that point. The troops of this division, however, are too busily engaged elsewhere to make a dash on the enemy's camp. The rebel pickets on Sunday, 28th instant, stated that they had just heard that the Confederate army in the east, under General Lee, has recently gained a great victory over the Federal army, and that our army has fallen back to the immediate vicinity of Washington. They also stated that General Lee is preparing for another invasion of Maryland, and intends entering PennsGeneral Lee is preparing for another invasion of Maryland, and intends entering Pennsylvania with the army of Northern Virginia, with the view of capturing Philadelphia and Baltimore. Though, in our isolation here, news from the East is a long time reaching us, yet that which comes shows that both the Federal and Confederate armies are displaying great activity, and that a great conflict is imminent. The loss of a great battle now, or the capture by the enemy of either of the large cities above mentioned, would be extremely damaging to our cause, and I know that thousands of
have come into a land of peace and plenty. It would be difficult to find four companies that have seen harder service than this battalion during the last year. Coming here is almost like entering a new world. News reaches us of the operations of our armies in the east, in Tennessee and along the Mississippi River, of not more than two days old. We have just heard of the great battle of Gettysburg, in Pennsylvania, on the 1st, 2d and 3d instant, and the defeat of the rebel army under General Lee; and of the capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi, by General Grant, on the 4th instant, with 27,000 prisoners, 128 pieces of artillery, eighty siege guns, and arms and ammunition for 60,000 men. We also hear that Port Hudson, below Vicksburg, on the Mississippi, has surrendered to General Banks since the fall of Vicksburg, with between eight or ten thousand prisoners, fifty to sixty pieces of artillery, small arms for fifteen thousand men, and large quantities of quartermaster's, commissary
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, April, 1863. (search)
serable earthworks, defended only by 8,000 men. Hooker was in his regiment, and was essentially a mean man and a liar. Of Lee and Longstreet he spoke in terms of the highest admiration. Magruder was an artilleryman, and has been a good deal in e following officers in the Confederate army were in the same regiment-viz., General A. S. Johnson (killed at Shiloh), General Lee, General Van Dorn, General Hardee, General Kirby Smith, and General Hood. Also the Federal Generals Thomas and Stonntained all the refugees from the deserted town of Galveston. After an extremely mild supper, I was introduced to Lieutenant Lee, a wounded hero, who lost his leg at Shiloh; also to Colonel Pyron, a distinguished officer, who commands the regiment named after him. The fat German, Mr. Lee, and myself, went to the theatre afterwards. As a great favor, my British prejudices were respected, and I was allowed a bed to myself; but the four other beds in the room had two occupants each. A
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, May, 1863. (search)
s. Vicksburg is distant from this place about eighty miles. The news of General Lee's victory at Chancellorsville had just arrived here. Every one received it Many of the officers told me they did not consider him inferior as a general to Lee or any one else. He told me that Vicksburg was certainly in a critical situa they have to lead, as well as those they have to beat. These generals, such as Lee, Johnston, Beauregard, or Longstreet, they would follow anywhere, and obey impliespects as the war goes on. After having lived with the veterans of Bragg and Lee, I was able to form a still higher estimate of Confederate soldiers. Their obedhat we should all strip ourselves perfectly naked. I always forgot to ask General Lee whether this story was a true one. Blockade-running goes on very regularly at West Point, and was at that institution with the President, the two Johnstons, Lee, Magruder, &c., and that, after serving a short time in the artillery, he had en
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, June, 1863. (search)
all their battles, and that until recently General Lee could never muster more than 60,000 effectis-de-camp of the President-viz., Colonels Wood, Lee, and Johnston. The two latter are sons to Geney, who was in command during the absence of Captain Lee. A flotilla of Confederate gunboats was ly introduction from the Secretary at War for Generals Lee and Longstreet, I left Richmond at 6 A. M.,s, until five days ago, the headquarters of Generals Lee and Longstreet; but since Ewell's recapturehe 1st corps de'armee. He is never far from General Lee, who relies very much upon his judgment. B-Johnston, Bragg, Polk, Hardee, Longstreet, and Lee — are thorough soldiers, and their Staffs are cvances any deeper into the enemy's country, General Lee cannot expect to keep his communications opo Chambersburg without a special order from General Lee, which he is very chary of giving; and I he863 (Monday). We are still at Chambersburg. Lee has issued a remarkably good order on non-retal[16 more...]
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, July, 1863. (search)
g regiment. So soon as the firing began, General Lee joined Hill just below our tree, and he rea painfully imploring manner. We joined Generals Lee and Longstreet's Staff: they were reconnoitet. It was then about 2.30. After passing General Lee and his Staff, I rode on through the woodsding.appeals to his patriotism of no avail, General Lee had him ignominiously set on his legs by sohis, of course, could make no difference to General Lee's plan: ammunition he must have-he had fail pass after a slight skirmish. At noon, Generals Lee and Longstreet arrived, and halted close tot 8.30 we halted for a couple of hours, and Generals Lee, Longstreet, Hill, and Willcox, had a consued by the Confederates, unless protected by General Lee's pass in my possession. 8th July, 1863 d were allowed to pass on the production of General Lee's authority. I was now fairly launched beyr their daring conduct in turning out to resist Lee's invasion. Most of the men seemed to be respe[22 more...]
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, Postscript. (search)
ain to them without exaggeration the state of feeling amongst their enemies. Although these Northerners belonged to quite the upper classes, and were not likely to be led blindly by the absurd nonsense of the sensation press at New York, yet their ignorance of the state of the case in the South was very great. The recent successes had given them the impression that the last card of the South was played. Charleston was about to fall; Mobile, Savannah, and Wilmington would quickly follow; Lee's army they thought, was a disheartened, disorganized mob; Bragg's army in a still worse condition, fleeing before Rosecrans, who would carry every thing before him. They felt confident that the fall of the Mississippian fortresses would prevent communication from one bank to the other, and that the great river would soon be open to peaceful commerce. All these illusions have since been dispelled, but they probably still cling to the idea of the great exhaustion of the Southern personnel
a slaveholding colony, and every man who signed that Declaration represented a slaveholding constituency. Did they intend, when they put their signatures to that instrument, to declare that their own slaves were on an equality with them; that they were made their equals by Divine law, and that any human law reducing them to an inferior position, was void, as being in violation of Divine law? Was that the meaning of the signers of the Declaration of Independence? Did Jefferson and Henry and Lee — did any of the signers of that instrument, or all of them, on the day they signed it, give their slaves freedom? History records that they did not. Did they go further, and put the negro on an equality with the white man throughout the country? They did not. And yet if they had understood that Declaration as including the negro, which Mr. Lincoln holds they did, they would have been bound, as conscientious men, to have restored the negro to that equality which he thinks the Almighty inten
cing a restoration of the Union; in what way can that compromise be used to keep Lee's army out of Pennsylvania? Meade's army can keep Lee's army out of PennsylvaniLee's army out of Pennsylvania, and I think can ultimately drive it out of existence. But no paper compromise, to which the controllers of Lee's army are not agreed, can at all affect that aLee's army are not agreed, can at all affect that army. In an effort at such compromise we should waste time, which the enemy would improve to our disadvantage; and that would be all. A compromise, to be effective, from the sea, was aiming for Richmond, where Grant, with bull-dog tenacity, held Lee firmly in his grasp. Erelong, the latter, with his shattered army reduced to hassailing the nation's life was quelled. Richmond, the rebel capital, was taken; Lee's army had surrendered; and the flag of the Union was floating in reassured supr, breakfasted with him. The young man had just returned from the capitulation of Lee, and he described in detail all the circumstances of that momentous episode of t
o whip were synonymous. Once in a while we got a fragment of news from the guard. They called the hour of the night and the number of their post, thus: P-o-o-ost number one, ten o'clock, and a-a-all's right. P-o-o-ost number two, ten o'clock, and a-all's right, all around the pen, every hour from dark till daylight. This call was made in a loud, sing-song monotone, that could be heard all over the camp. Sometimes they would interpolate a fragment, thus: Post number eight, Lee's falling back, and all's well. Or, Post number thirteen, twelve o'clock, and here's your mule. It was by this means that we first heard of the fall of Atlanta. For two weeks, we Western troops had been full of feverish excitement. That long ago we had read in the Atlanta paper that Sherman had raised the siege, and had fallen back across the Chattahoochee. Every day we begged for more news. The Quartermaster told us that their picket's had been advanced to the river, and Sherman was
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