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Andocides, On the Peace, section 30 (search)
Again, an urgent request came to us from Syracuse; she was ready to end our differences by a pact of friendship, to end war by peace; and she pointed out the advantages of an alliance with herself, if only we would consent to it, over those of the existing alliance with Segesta and Catana.Athens had formed an alliance with Segesta as early as 453 (I.G. i 2 . 19-20). It was renewed in 424 by Laches. In 416 Segesta found herself ranged against the combined forces of Selinus and Syracuse. She appealed to Athens for help, and the disastrous Syracusan expedition resulted. But once more we chose war instead of peace, Segesta instead of Syracuse; instead of staying at home as the allies of Syracuse, we chose to send an armament to Sicily. The result was the loss of a large part of the Athenian and allied forces, the bravest being the first to fall; a reckless waste of ships, money, and resources: and the return of the survivors in disgra
Apollodorus, Library (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book 3 (search)
ced their name and their lineage to an animal ancestress. But it would be rash to infer that the seal was the totem of the Phocians. There is no evidence that they regarded the seal with any superstitious respect, though the people of Phocaea, in Asia Minor, who were Phocians by descent (Paus. 7.3.10), put the figure of a seal on their earliest coins. But this was probably no more than a punning badge, like the rose of Rhodes and the wild celery (se/linon) of Selinus. See George Macdonald, Coin Types (Glasgow, 1905), pp. 17, 41, 50. Now Aeacus was the most pious of men. Therefore, when Greece suffered from infertility on account of Pelops, because in a war with Stymphalus, king of the Arcadians, being unable to conquer Arcadia, he slew the king under a pretence of friendship, and scattered his mangled limbs, oracles of the gods declared that Greece would be rid of its present calamities if Aeacus would offer prayers
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 21 (search)
authentic, the god to whom he was sacrificing was in all probability the Phoenician Melcarth, the Biblical Moloch. cavalrymen came from the countryside bringing to Gelon a letter-carrier who was conveying dispatches from the people of Selinus, in which was written that they would send the cavalry for that day for which Hamilcar had written to dispatch them. The day was that on which Hamilcar planned to celebrate the sacrifice. And on that day Gelon dispatched cavalry of his own, who were under orders to skirt the immediate neighbourhood and to ride up at daybreak to the naval camp, as if they were the allies from Selinus, and when they had once got inside the wooden palisade, to slay Hamilcar and set fire to the ships. He also sent scouts to the hills which overlook the city, ordering them to raise the signal as soon as they saw that the horsemen were inside the wall. For his part, at daybreak he drew up his army and awaited the sign which was
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 68 (search)
The Syracusans at the outset seized a part of the city which is called Tyche,This section adjoined Achradine on the west. and operating from there they dispatched ambassadors to Gela, Acragas, and Selinus, and also to Himera and the cities of the Siceli in the interior of the island, asking them to come together with all speed and join with them in liberating Syracuse. And since all these cities acceded to this request eagerly and hurriedly dispatched aid, some of them infantry and cavalry and others warships fully equipped for action, in a brief time there was collected a considerable armament with which to aid the Syracusans. Consequently the Syracusans, having made ready their ships and drawn up their army for battle, demonstrated that they were ready to fight to a finish both on land and on sea. Now Thrasybulus, abandoned as he was by his allies and basing his hopes only upon the mercenaries, was master only of Achradine an
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Contents of the Thirteenth Book of Diodorus (search)
tle between the Athenians and Lacedaemonians off Sigeium and the victory of the Athenians (chaps. 38-40). —How the Lacedaemonians filled up Euripus with earth and made Euboea a part of the mainland (chap. 47). —On the civil discord and massacre in Corcyra (chap. 48). —How Alcibiades and Theramenes won most notable victories over the Lacedaemonians on both land and sea (chaps. 49-51). —How the Carthaginians transported great armaments to Sicily and took by storm Selinus and Himera (chaps. 54-62). —How Alcibiades sailed into the Peiraeus with much booty and was the object of great acclaim (chaps. 68-69). —How King Agis with a great army undertook to lay siege to Athens and was unsuccessful (chaps. 72-73). —The banishment of Alcibiades and the founding of Thermae in Sicily (chaps. 74, 79). —The sea-battle between the Syracusans and the Carthaginians and the victory of the Syracusans (chap. 80). —On the fel
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 30 (search)
wronged; yet that is what they did. For though they were your friends until then, on a sudden, without warning, with an armament of such strength they laid siege to Syracusans. It is characteristic of arrogant men, anticipating the decision of Fortune, to decree the punishment of peoples not yet conquered; and this also they have not left undone. For before the Athenians ever set foot on Sicily they approved a resolution to sell into slavery the citizens of Syracuse and Selinus and to compel the remaining Sicilians to pay tribute. When there is to be found in the same men greediness, treachery, arrogance, what person in his right mind would show them mercy? How then, mark you, did the Athenians treat the Mitylenaeans? Why after conquering them, although the Mitylenaeans had no intention of doing them any wrong but only desired their freedom, they voted to put to the sword all the inhabitants of the city.This decree was not actually c
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 43 (search)
it should lead to war, they selected as general Hannibal, who at the time lawfully exercised sovereign powers.As one of the two annually elected suffetes, somewhat similar to the Roman consuls. Evidently Diodorus preferred not to use the unfamiliar title. He was the grandson of Hamilcar, who fought in the war against Gelon and died at Himera,Cp. Book 11.21-22. and the son of Gescon, who had been exiled because of his father's defeat and had ended his life in Selinus. Now Hannibal, who by nature was a hater of the Greeks and at the same time desired to wipe out the disgraces which had befallen his ancestors, was eager by his own efforts to achieve some advantage for his country. Hence, seeing that the Selinuntians were not satisfied with the cession of the territory in dispute, he dispatched ambassadors together with the Aegestaeans to the Syracusans, referring to them the decision of the dispute; and though ostensibly he preten
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 54 (search)
hundred thousand men. His ships he hauled up on land in the bay about Motye,The bay and island of the same name lie a little north of Lilybaeum. every one of them, wishing to give the Syracusans the impression that he had not come to make war upon them or to sail along the coast with his naval force against Syracuse. And after adding to his army the soldiers supplied by the Aegestaeans and by the other allies he broke camp and made his way from Lilybaeum towards Selinus. And when he came to the Mazarus River, he took at the first assault the trading-station situated by it, and when he arrived before the city, he divided his army into two parts; then, after he had invested the city and put his siege-engines in position, he began the assaults with all speed. He set up six towers of exceptional size and advanced an equal number of battering-rams plated with iron against the walls; furthermore, by employing his archers and slingers in
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 59 (search)
t Acragas three thousand picked soldiers from the Syracusans, who had been dispatched in advance with all speed to bring aid. On learning of the fall of Selinus, they sent ambassadors to Hannibal urging him both to release the captives on payment of ransom and to spare the temples of the gods. Hannibal replied tt the Selinuntians, having proved incapable of defending their freedom, would now undergo the experience of slavery, and that the gods had departed from Selinus, having become offended with its inhabitants. However, since the fugitives had sent Empedion as an ambassador, to him Hannibal restored his possessions; for ity was taken after it had been inhabited from its founding for a period of two hundred and forty-two years. And Hannibal, after destroying the walls of Selinus, departed with his whole army to Himera, being especially bent upon razing this city to the ground. For it was this city which had caused his father to be ex
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 63 (search)
thousand of the Himeraeans who had been driven from their home, he endeavoured with the aid of his friends to make good his return to Syracuse; but when he failed in this design, he set out through the middle of the island and seizing Selinus he built a wall about a part of the city and called to him from all quarters the Selinuntians who were still alive.Hermocrates is carrying on his own war against that part of Sicily held by the Carthaginians. He also received many others into the place and thus gathered a force of six thousand picked warriors. Making Selinus his base he first laid waste the territory of the inhabitants of MotyeCp. chap. 54.5. and defeating in battle those who came out from the city against him he slew many and pursued the rest within the wall of the city. After this he ravaged the territory of the people of PanormusModern Palermo. and acquired countless booty, and when the inhabitants offered battle en masse
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