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d be ready for service in a day or two, the Commanding General ordered the Army to retreat. Accordingly, I marched with my brigade, which formed part of Major General G. W. Smith's Division, upon the Yorktown road, in the direction of Williamsburg. At daybreak of the 5th the retreat was continued from Williamsburg towards Richmonham's Landing, is in error in regard to the troops who bore the brunt of the combat, as will be seen by the following extract from the official report of Major General G. W. Smith, who at that time commanded the division: Referring to the reports of the several commanders for details, it i only necessary for me to state that thcross the Chickahominy, to the south bank, about one-fourth of his forces, and the Confederate Army was ordered to make ready to assail this detachment. Major General G. W. Smith massed his division on the Nine Miles road the morning of the 31st of May. Longstreet and Hill assembled on the right, lower down on the Chickahominy; t
000) in Polk's Corps, which was marching rapidly to that point, together with eight thousand four hundred and ten (8410) of Wheeler's Cavalry, exclusive of Jackson's. We find, by this summary, seventy thousand five hundred (70,500) effectives — a number in excess of that which is stated in my official report. This number of troops, however, did not, at that time, embrace all the available forces which were subject to the order of General Johnston. The following extract from Major General G. W. Smith's official report attests the presence of over three thousand (3000) Georgia State troops, which could have been, in May, 1864, assembled at Dalton, in the event the Commanding General of our Army had desired to offer battle, when in possession of Rocky-faced Ridge: headquarters, Georgia militia, Macon, Ga., September 15th, 1864. General J. B. Hood, Commanding Army of Tennessee, near Lovejoy Station: General:--My appointment was dated 1st June. I took command a few days t
nt of this extraordinary project, and, forthwith, addressed the following letter to Major General Gustavus W. Smith, who commanded the Georgia State troops previous to General Johnston's removal, and during the siege of Atlanta: New Orleans, January 17th, 1874. General G. W. Smith, Frankfort, Ky. General:--Having occasion to refer to your official report of the operations of the Georgian number this force was entirely inadequate, under the circumstances. Very truly yours, Gustavus W. Smith. I was unwilling to harbor a suspicion that Governor Brown would have furnished for thibilities, suggested by this General, were to be accomplished by the Georgia militia. General Gustavus W. Smith is a soldier, as well as an engineer, of eminent ability, and his opinion is entitled ese trained soldiers and good muskets on the side towards Peach Tree creek, instead of General Gustavus W. Smith's five thousand militia, many of whom were armed with flint lock muskets, and were dev
body of the Confederate Army--and thus, if possible, crush Sherman's right wing, as we drove it into the narrow space between the creek and the river. Major General G. W. Smith's Georgia State troops were posted on the right of Cheatham, and it was impossible for Schofield or McPherson to assist Thomas without recrossing Peach T, in order to reach Thomas's bridges across this creek. I immediately assembled the three corps commanders, Hardee, Stewart, and Cheatham, together with Major General G. W. Smith, commanding Georgia State troops, for the purpose of giving orders for battle on the following day, the 20th of July. I here quote from my official r two or three times the proper distance. In consequence of this, the attack was delayed until nearly 4 p. m. The three corps commanders, together with General G. W. Smith, were assembled not only for the purpose of issuing to them orders for battle, but with the special design to deliver most explicit instructions in regard t
er with the Georgia State troops, under General G. W. Smith. The report was received early on the ssistants. Generals Stewart, Cheatham, and G. W. Smith, were instructed to order their division aneeler, commanding cavalry corps, and Major General G. W. Smith, commanding Georgia State troops. Te hour of battle. Stewart, Cheatham, and G. W. Smith, were ordered to occupy soon after dark the Peach Tree creek, from right to left. General G. W. Smith would, thereupon, join in the attack. e morning of the 22d Cheatham, Stewart, and G. W. Smith, had, by alternating working parties duringbandon the works he had captured. Major General G. W. Smith, perceiving that Cheatham had moved f a soldier of the ability and skill of General G. W. Smith. Hardee bore off as trophies eight gty as a corps commander. Lee, Stewart, and G. W. Smith were very open in the expression of their o extract from the official report of Major General G. W. Smith: If they (the corps commanders)
o be most active in securing all possible information in regard to the operations of the enemy. On the 27th, Major General G. W. Smith's Division was ordered to the left to occupy the position of Stevenson's Division which, together with General ss, Lee and his command were to be withdrawn that night back to Rough and Ready; Stewart's Corps, together with Major General G. W. Smith's State troops were to form line of battle on Lee's right, near East Point, and the whole force move forward thor near Rough and Ready, in order to protect our retreat to Lovejoy Station. I remained in Atlanta with Stewart and G. W. Smith, anxiously awaiting tidings from Jonesboroa. At an early hour the following morning, no information having been receich was then near Jonesboroa. By the 4th, our entire Army was assembled at this point, on the Macon road. Major General Gustavus W. Smith, commanding Georgia State troops, was directed to proceed to Griffin and protect our communications in that
ta, rendered obligatory this unpleasant duty on my part. I have already stated the opinions, at the time, of Lieutenant Generals Lee and Stewart, and of Major General G. W. Smith, in regard to this painful subject. So decided were these officers in their convictions that I determined to inform the President of my own loss of confHardee handed in his resignation a few days since, but withdrew it. Can General Cobb give me all the reserve regiments he has? J. B. Hood, General Major General Gustavus W. Smith, in his official report of the operations of the Georgia State troops, dated 15th of September, 1864, shortly after these occurrences, says in this ren that but for the delay before the attack on the 31st August, the result might have been different. This officer, Lieutenant General A. P. Stewart, and Major General G. W. Smith were, at the time, unanimous in the conviction that had General Hardee faithfully and earnestly carried out my instructions on the 20th, and 22d July, we
er to watch closely Sherman's movements, and, should he move as reported, to attack and harass him at all favorable points. I telegraphed to Lieutenant General Taylor at Selma, Alabama, to call on Governor Watts, of Alabama, and Governor Clarke, of Mississippi, for all the State troops that they could furnish; and with all the available moveable forces of his department, to keep himself in readiness to move at a moment's notice, to the assistance of Major General Howell Cobb and Major General G. W. Smith, who were then at or about Griffin, Georgia, threatening Atlanta. I also telegraphed to General Cobb to call upon Governor Brown, of Georgia, and Governor Bonham, of South Carolina, for all the State troops that could be collected. I made all necessary preparations to repair forthwith to Georgia, in the event of Sherman's executing his reported movement. On my arrival at Corinth, on the 18th of November, having been informed that Sherman had commenced his movement, I issue
y, ten thousand (10,000), with one thousand five hundred Georgia militia, commanded by Major General G. W. Smith, making a total effective of forty-eight thousand seven hundred and fifty (48,750) meny Stewart's and Lee's Corps. The militia numbering about three thousand (3000), under Major General G. W. Smith, was ordered to Griffin. It is proper to remark here that this force rendered excellences of individual skill and gallantry. I invite special attention to the report of Major General G. W. Smith of the operations of the Georgia militia in the vicinity of Atlanta, the reports of Liorwarded when received. Respectfully, (Signed,) A. P. S. Official report of Major General G. W. Smith, Commanding Georgia militia, at and near Atlanta. headquarters Georgia militia, ce in defence of their homes will be glad to hail you as their Confederate Chief. (Signed) G. W. Smith, Major General. Letter to Honorable Mr. Seddon. headquarters, Army of Tennessee,