next

10% of the text is displayed below. If you wish to view the entire text, please click here

War Diary of Capt. Robert Emory Park, Twelfth Alabama Regiment. January 28th, 1863—January 27th, 1864.

Accounts of the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Jeffersonton, Bristow Station, Locust Grove, Mine Run, the March into Maryland and Pennsylvania, with reminiscences of the Battle of Seven Pines.


[The Editor has pleasure in preserving in these pages the following graphic record. Captain Park has proven himself in maturer years, as progressive, public spirited, and successful as a citizen as he was gallant and faithful as a soldier.]

In 1876-7, the latter part of my War and Prison Diary was published in serial in the Southern Historical Society Papers, the earlier portion having been lost by me on the battle field. In 1888, eleven years later, a letter signed Mrs. Vine Smith, Lebanon, New Hampshire, was forwarded me from Greenville, Ga., by my brother, which conveyed the joyful news that the remaining portion of my Diary was in her possession, and that she was willing to return it. I lost no time in securing it, and offer it for what it may be worth as illustrating the daily life in camp and field of a Confederate soldier.

Robert Emory Park, Late Captain 12th Ala., C. C. A. Macon, Ga., December, 1898.
note.—The portion preceding the first day given was torn off, and I found the Diary began thus:

Jan. 28, 1863. Applied to Gen. Lee for appointment of my college mate and friend, Sergeant R. H. Stafford, as recruiting officer for Co. ‘F,’ 12th Ala.

Jan. 29. A committee, consisting of Captains Fischer, Hewlett and Ross, was appointed to invite the officers of Battle's Brigade to [2] assemble at the headquarters of the 12th Ala., to take into consideration the propriety of memorializing Congress on the subject of regimental and company re-organization, to-morrow at 9 o'clock. There is a great desire on the part of many to enjoy the benefit of re-organization. Many privates hope to be elected officers, and many officers expect to secure promotions. My chance of promotion from a line to a field office is good, so I warmly favor the change.

Jan. 30. Private Wesley Moore left for Alabama on a 30 days furlough. At 9 o'clock the line officers of the 6th Ala., met those of the 12th Ala. at our camp, and appointed a committee of three from each regiment to draft a memorial to be presented to Congress. Capt. Bowie, of the 6th Ala., and I, were chosen to visit the officers of the 3rd and 5th Ala. regiments, and invite them to meet us at 6 o'clock, and participate in our proceedings. At 6 o'clock the meeting was called to order, Capt. Bowie being chairman, and Lieut. Dunlop, of the 3rd Ala., acting as secretary. The memorial drafted was read and discussed pro and con, by Captains Bowie and Bilbro, and Lieutenants Larry, Dunlop and Wimberly, and the meeting adjourned to meet Monday at 3 o'clock.

Jan. 31. Sunday. I am officer of the guard. One of the 26th Ala. is officer of the day, and is exceedingly verdant. Col. S. B. Pickens came in at night from furlough.

Feb. 1. (Part here torn off.) The meeting was held pursuant to adjournment, the memorial adopted, and a committee appointed to get signatures to the petition and forward it to Hon. Robert Jemison, Jr., C. S. Senator, and Hon. W. P. Chilton, Representative from Ala., for presentation to the Confederate Congress.

Feb. 2. Called at Dr. Terrell's, near Orange Court House, and met his pretty daughter, Mrs. Goodwin. At night received five letters and several Georgia and South Carolina papers.

Feb. 3. Gus. Reid returned from absence at Lynchburg. Orders came at night to be ready to move to Hanover Junction at 6 o'clock. Battle's Ala. brigade left winter quarters at 6 1/2 o'clock for Gordonsville, and arrived there at 2 P. M. We took cars at midnight for Hanover Junction. Gen. Robt. D. Johnston's N. C. brigade preceded ours.

Feb. 5. Reached the Junction at 9 A. M., and occupied some old winter quarters near Taylorsville.

Feb. 6. Bill Mims returned from furlough.

Feb. 7. Our brigade took the train for Richmond early in the morning, and reached the capitol at 2 o'clock. Formed in the city, [3] and marched to music to the outer fortifications on York River Railroad, about four miles from the city.

Feb. 8. Went to Richmond and called on some young lady friends, also visited the hall of the House of Representatives, and heard eulogies pronounced over the dead body of Col. J. J. Wilcox, of Texas. At night I saw ‘irginia Cavalier’ played at Richmond Theatre, R. D'Orsay Ogden, manager. Returned at 1 o'clock A. M. to camp. Theatres are a great means of diversion to soldiers. J. W. Thorpe, our former drum-major, D'Orsay Ogden, J. Wilkes Booth, Harry McCarthy, W. H. Crisp, Theo. Hamilton, John Templeton, and Alice Vane, are the favorite actors. Soldiers are not critics, but are ever ready to be amused.

(Torn out to Feb. 12.) I remained in the city all day, meeting with many officers and men at the hospitals, the Exchange Hotel and Ballard House, and Spotswood Hotel. At night I saw ‘Lady of the Lake’ acted. At its conclusion, while en route to camp, stopped with Capt. Hewlett and Lieut. Tate, of 3rd Ala., at a ‘hindig,’ and had an enjoyable time. Kissing games were popular, and some of the dancers were high kickers and not over graceful. Late in the afternoon the brigade moved three miles further to the front to meet an expected expedition of ‘Beast’ Butler, who was located somewhere near Drury's Bluff on the James. The ‘Beast’ has been outlawed by President Davis, and is generally detested. He should keep, as heretofore, to the rear, and avoid capture.

Feb. 13. Remained all day on outpost, but the enemy did not approach us. Col. W. G. Swanson's 61st Ala. regiment joined our brigade, and the 26th Ala., Col. E. A. O'Neal, was transferred to Mobile. Promoted Brigadier-General and placed in command of Rodes' Brigade. As there were only nine companies in the 61st, the Secretary of War declined to issue a commission as Colonel to Col. Swanson, and he returned to Alabama. I received a neat little note inviting me to call at Col. Thos. Bell Bigger's on Broad street, between 9th and 10th streets, and signed Mollie T—y. Her note was four days reaching me, and when I called she had left for Petersburg.

Feb. 14. St. Valentine's Day. I walked to the city, and had a glorious bath at the Ballard House, and met many friends.

Feb. 15. A light snow covered mother earth's bosom to-day, and kept us from the city. Our trips to the city are greatly enjoyed, and all are allowed to go when they please, and stay as long as they please. Jim Lester exchanged a jug of water for one of whiskey as adroitly as Simon Suggs could have done. [

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Orange Court House (Virginia, United States) (9)
Alabama (Alabama, United States) (8)
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (7)
Hagerstown (Maryland, United States) (5)
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (4)
Mine Run (Virginia, United States) (4)
Jeffersonton (Virginia, United States) (4)
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (4)
Africa (4)
Tuskegee (Alabama, United States) (3)
Rapidan (Virginia, United States) (3)
North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (3)
La Grange (Georgia, United States) (3)
Gold Dale (Virginia, United States) (3)
Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (3)
Weldon, N. C. (North Carolina, United States) (2)
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (2)
Martinsburg (West Virginia, United States) (2)
Greenville, North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (2)
Greenville (Georgia, United States) (2)
Chancellorsville (Virginia, United States) (2)
Carlisle, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (2)
Capitol (Utah, United States) (2)
Brandy Station (Virginia, United States) (2)
Bowling Green (Indiana, United States) (2)
Atlanta (Georgia, United States) (2)
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (1)
Williamsport (Maryland, United States) (1)
Warrenton (Virginia, United States) (1)
United States (United States) (1)
Taylorsville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Summerville Ford (Arkansas, United States) (1)
Stafford Court House (Virginia, United States) (1)
Shippensburg (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Robinson's River (Virginia, United States) (1)
Rappahannock (Virginia, United States) (1)
Providence, R. I. (Rhode Island, United States) (1)
Powhatan (Virginia, United States) (1)
Point Lookout, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)
Papertown (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Montpelier (Vermont, United States) (1)
Montgomery (Alabama, United States) (1)
Mobile, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Middleburg (Virginia, United States) (1)
Marye's Heights (Virginia, United States) (1)
Madison Court House (Virginia, United States) (1)
Macon (Georgia, United States) (1)
Lynchburg (Virginia, United States) (1)
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Loachapoka (Alabama, United States) (1)
Lebanon, N. H. (New Hampshire, United States) (1)
Greencastle (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Funkstown (Maryland, United States) (1)
Florence, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Fauquier (Virginia, United States) (1)
Dutch (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Delaware (Delaware, United States) (1)
Columbia (South Carolina, United States) (1)
Colorado (Colorado, United States) (1)
China (China) (1)
Charlotte (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Chambersburg, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Boonsboro (Maryland, United States) (1)
Bealeton (Virginia, United States) (1)
Augusta (Georgia, United States) (1)
Auburn, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Auburn, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)

Visualize the most frequently mentioned Pleiades ancient places in this text.

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Cullen A. Battle (27)
R. E. Rodes (23)
R. E. Lee (16)
S. B. Pickens (11)
Stonewall Jackson (8)
J. E. B. Stuart (7)
W. H. Hewlett (7)
John Rogers (6)
D. C. Meade (6)
George W. Wright (5)
J. M. Pickens (5)
H. D. Moore (5)
Jim Lester (5)
Robert Edward Lee (5)
A. P. Hill (5)
Tom Clower (5)
George Whitfield (4)
Terrell (4)
J. J. Nicholson (4)
J. C. Goodgame (4)
R. S. Ewell (4)
Doles (4)
Tommy Davis (4)
Chappell (4)
J. W. Wright (3)
George Wright (3)
G. W. Wright (3)
Lucius Williams (3)
Pierce Ware (3)
James Ewell Brown Stuart (3)
L. W. Ross (3)
Ramseur (3)
Proskauer (3)
Robert Emory Park (3)
E. A. O'Neal (3)
R. H. Keeling (3)
Gayle (3)
Fischer (3)
Dunlop (3)
James C. Carter (3)
Bowie (3)
Banks (3)
John H. Winder (2)
Benjamin Ward (2)
Tinsley (2)
W. D. Thomas (2)
Terrill (2)
W. G. Swanson (2)
R. H. Stafford (2)
Squire (2)
Sharp (2)
Gustave Reid (2)
John Preskitt (2)
William N. Pendleton (2)
Wesley Moore (2)
John W. McNeely (2)
J. W. McNeely (2)
Edward Mahone (2)
Tom Kimbrough (2)
R. U. Keeling (2)
E. Karcher (2)
W. M. Jones (2)
R. F. Jones (2)
Edward Johnson (2)
Ben Ingram (2)
Hooker (2)
Hatton (2)
Tom Harris (2)
Leiutenant T. W. Harris (2)
B. Graves (2)
A. M. Gordon (2)
Franklin (2)
Fletcher (2)
J. H. Eason (2)
J. A. Early (2)
James T. Davis (2)
Henry W. Cox (2)
S. Cooper (2)
David Clopton (2)
R. H. Chilton (2)
W. M. Carr (2)
Sam Brewer (2)
Zuber (1)
P. Zachry (1)
Fletcher Zachry (1)
Bob Wynn (1)
Wimberly (1)
Jonathan R. Williams (1)
J. J. Wilcox (1)
U. A. Whiting (1)
H. A. Whiting (1)
Weeks (1)
Wat (1)
George Ward (1)
Alice Vane (1)
Vandiver (1)
Unionists (1)
J. W. Thorpe (1)
Thomason (1)
John Templeton (1)
Tate (1)
Taliaferro (1)
Syester (1)
Simon Suggs (1)
Stoneman (1)
Ben Stewart (1)
George B. Steele (1)
Stanley (1)
Bob Stafford (1)
A. Spotts (1)
Sparrow (1)
Vine Smith (1)
Oscar Smith (1)
Gustavus W. Smith (1)
Smede (1)
Sam Slaton (1)
Simms (1)
Simmons (1)
Rose Shafer (1)
C. S. Senator (1)
Walter Scott (1)
Ryan (1)
Rowe (1)
Leonidas Rosser (1)
P. D. Ross (1)
F. A. Rogers (1)
Richmond (1)
J. B. Reid (1)
A. T. Preston (1)
Powledge (1)
R. H. Powell (1)
George E. Pickett (1)
Dan Partridge (1)
R. D'Orsay Ogden (1)
Orsay Ogden (1)
Neill (1)
E. A. Neal (1)
Italy Napoleon (1)
W. A. Moore (1)
Billy Moore (1)
Mims (1)
William Mimms (1)
L. B. Millican (1)
McQueen (1)
Gustave McCurdy (1)
Harry McCarthy (1)
Harry Mc-Carthy (1)
Peter H. Mayo (1)
Marbury (1)
Jack Mallory (1)
James Madison (1)
James Longstreet (1)
R. F. Ligon (1)
Larry (1)
John H. Lamar (1)
Henry Lamar (1)
L'Etoudal (1)
Nannie King (1)
Kesterson (1)
F. M. Kennedy (1)
J. B. Kelly (1)
Lizzie Kellar (1)
Tom Jones (1)
George Jones (1)
Robert D. Johnston (1)
Jesse (1)
Robert Jemison (1)
Jeb (1)
Misses Mary Jane (1)
Jan (1)
G. P. R. James (1)
Irish (1)
John Ingram (1)
J. J. Hutchinson (1)
M. C. Huntley (1)
Howlett (1)
Sergeant Howell (1)
B. Frank Howard (1)
Hoke (1)
William J. Hoge (1)
Moses Drury Hoge (1)
Moses D. Hoge (1)
C. G. Henderson (1)
Harry T. Hayes (1)
Jim Harrison (1)
T. W. Harris (1)
Hardcastle (1)
Haralson (1)
Hammond (1)
Theodore Hamilton (1)
Robert F. Hall (1)
Griffith (1)
R. M. Greene (1)
J. B. Gordon (1)
Goodwyn (1)
Goodwin (1)
Gilbert (1)
A. Y. P. Garnett (1)
Tom Foulk (1)
Forsyth (1)
Aurora Floyd (1)
Sergeant M. A. Flournoy (1)
Fitzgerald (1)
Bob Ellis (1)
J. H. Echols (1)
Dualey (1)
Prison Diary (1)
Harry Day (1)
Jefferson Davis (1)
Darwin (1)
Daniels (1)
Daniel (1)
Captain Cullen (1)
W. H. Crisp (1)
Edwin P. Cox (1)
Collins (1)
Christmas (1)
W. P. Chilton (1)
Child (1)
Chandler (1)
John C. Calhoun (1)
B. F. Butler (1)
Burnside (1)
Parker Burbank (1)
Brittain (1)
Bridges (1)
Sutler Samuel Brewer (1)
Brazeal (1)
Braxton Bragg (1)
Belle Boyd (1)
R. M. Boring (1)
J. Wilkes Booth (1)
Ben Bolt (1)
Blackford (1)
Joe Black (1)
Bilbro (1)
Thomas Bell Bigger (1)
Border Beagles (1)
Ellen Bayne (1)
Baptist (1)
Benjamin Bailey (1)
John Attaway (1)
Wirt Adams (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1863 AD (3)
January 26th, 1864 AD (2)
January 28th, 1863 AD (2)
December 25th (2)
December 24th (2)
December (2)
November (2)
October (2)
September 15th (2)
May 12th (2)
December, 1898 AD (1)
1888 AD (1)
1877 AD (1)
1876 AD (1)
January 27th, 1864 AD (1)
January 1st, 1864 AD (1)
December 31st, 1863 AD (1)
December 12th, 1863 AD (1)
December 1st, 1863 AD (1)
October 8th, 1863 AD (1)
September 1st, 1863 AD (1)
December 12th, 1862 AD (1)
July, 1861 AD (1)
December 29th (1)
December 28th (1)
December 27th (1)
December 26th (1)
December 23rd (1)
December 22nd (1)
December 21st (1)
December 20th (1)
December 19th (1)
December 18th (1)
December 17th (1)
December 16th (1)
December 15th (1)
December 14th (1)
December 13th (1)
December 12th (1)
December 11th (1)
December 10th (1)
December 9th (1)
December 8th (1)
December 7th (1)
December 6th (1)
December 5th (1)
December 4th (1)
December 3rd (1)
December 2nd (1)
November 30th (1)
November 29th (1)
November 28th (1)
November 27th (1)
November 26th (1)
November 25th (1)
November 24th (1)
November 23rd (1)
November 22nd (1)
November 21st (1)
November 20th (1)
November 19th (1)
November 18th (1)
November 17th (1)
November 16th (1)
November 15th (1)
November 14th (1)
November 13th (1)
November 12th (1)
November 10th (1)
November 9th (1)
November 7th (1)
November 6th (1)
November 5th (1)
November 4th (1)
November 2nd (1)
November 1st (1)
October 31st (1)
October 30th (1)
October 29th (1)
October 28th (1)
October 27th (1)
October 26th (1)
October 25th (1)
October 24th (1)
October 23rd (1)
October 22nd (1)
October 21st (1)
October 20th (1)
October 19th (1)
October 18th (1)
October 17th (1)
October 16th (1)
October 15th (1)
October 14th (1)
October 13th (1)
October 12th (1)
October 11th (1)
October 10th (1)
October 8th (1)
September 16th (1)
September 14th (1)
September 13th (1)
September 12th (1)
September 11th (1)
September 10th (1)
September 9th (1)
September 8th (1)
September 7th (1)
September 6th (1)
September 5th (1)
September 4th (1)
September 3rd (1)
September 2nd (1)
August 31st (1)
August 30th (1)
August 29th (1)
August 28th (1)
August 27th (1)
August 26th (1)
August 25th (1)
August 24th (1)
August 23rd (1)
August 22nd (1)
August 21st (1)
August 20th (1)
August 19th (1)
August 18th (1)
August 17th (1)
August 16th (1)
August 15th (1)
August 14th (1)
August 13th (1)
August 12th (1)
August 11th (1)
August 10th (1)
August 9th (1)
August 8th (1)
August 7th (1)
August 6th (1)
August 5th (1)
August 4th (1)
August 3rd (1)
August 2nd (1)
August 1st (1)
July 30th (1)
July 29th (1)
July 28th (1)
July 27th (1)
July 26th (1)
July 25th (1)
July 24th (1)
July 23rd (1)
July 22nd (1)
July 21st (1)
July 19th (1)
July 18th (1)
July 17th (1)
July 16th (1)
July 15th (1)
July 14th (1)
July 12th (1)
July 11th (1)
July 10th (1)
July 9th (1)
July 8th (1)
July 7th (1)
July 6th (1)
July 5th (1)
July 4th (1)
July 3rd (1)
July 2nd (1)
July 1st (1)
June 29th (1)
June 28th (1)
June 27th (1)
June 26th (1)
June 25th (1)
June 24th (1)
June 23rd (1)
June 22nd (1)
June 21st (1)
June 20th (1)
June 19th (1)
June 9th (1)
June 8th (1)
June 7th (1)
June 6th (1)
June 5th (1)
June 4th (1)
June 3rd (1)
June 2nd (1)
May 31st (1)
May 30th (1)
May 29th (1)
May 28th (1)
May 27th (1)
May 26th (1)
May 25th (1)
May 24th (1)
May 23rd (1)
May 22nd (1)
May 21st (1)
May 20th (1)
May 19th (1)
May 18th (1)
May 17th (1)
May 16th (1)
May 15th (1)
May 14th (1)
May 13th (1)
May 11th (1)
May 10th (1)
May 9th (1)
May 8th (1)
May 7th (1)
May 6th (1)
May 5th (1)
May 4th (1)
May 3rd (1)
May 2nd (1)
April 30th (1)
April 29th (1)
April 28th (1)
April 27th (1)
April 26th (1)
April 25th (1)
April 24th (1)
April 23rd (1)
April 22nd (1)
April 21st (1)
April 20th (1)
April 19th (1)
April 18th (1)
April 17th (1)
April 16th (1)
April 15th (1)
April 14th (1)
March (1)
February 26th (1)
February 25th (1)
February 24th (1)
February 23rd (1)
February 22nd (1)
February 21st (1)
February 20th (1)
February 19th (1)
February 18th (1)
February 17th (1)
February 16th (1)
February 15th (1)
February 14th (1)
February 13th (1)
February 12th (1)
February 8th (1)
February 7th (1)
February 6th (1)
February 5th (1)
February 3rd (1)
February 2nd (1)
February 1st (1)
January 31st (1)
January 30th (1)
January 29th (1)
January 27th (1)
January 26th (1)
January 25th (1)
January 24th (1)
January 23rd (1)
January 22nd (1)
January 21st (1)
January 19th (1)
January 18th (1)
January 17th (1)
January 16th (1)
January 15th (1)
January 14th (1)
January 13th (1)
January 12th (1)
January 11th (1)
January 10th (1)
January 9th (1)
January 8th (1)
January 5th (1)
January 4th (1)
January 3rd (1)
January 2nd (1)
January 1st (1)
29th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: