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was to proceed to Waynesboroa and blow up the railroad bridge. Having done this, Torbert, as he returned, was to drive off whatever cattle he could find, destroy all forage and breadstuffs, and burn the mills. He took possession of Waynesboroa in due time, but had succeeded in only partially demolishing the railroad bridge when, attacked by Pegram's division of infantry and Wickham's cavalry, he was compelled to fall back to Staunton. From the latter place he retired to Bridgewater and Spring Hill; on the way, however, fully executing his instructions regarding the destruction of supplies. While Torbert was on this expedition, Merritt had occupied Port Republic, but he happened to get there the very day that Kershaw's division was marching from Swift Run Gap to join Early. By accident Kershaw ran into Merritt shortly after the latter had gained the village. Kershaw's four infantry brigades attacked at once, and Merritt, forced out of Port Republic, fell back toward Cross Keys
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Gordon's attack at Fort Stedman. (search)
s of the enemy. In repelling these assaults Fort McGilvery rendered efficient assistance. Captain Jacob Roemer, commanding the artillery there, finding at one time that lie could not incline his guns sufficiently to reach the assaulting column, had two pieces hauled out of the fort and planted them near the City Point road. Battery Ix endured for several hours the incessant and concentrated fire of the Chesterfield and Gooseneck batteries, the mortar-batteries in front, and the guns of Spring Hill on the left, besides the desperate and stubborn attacks of infantry greatly superior in numbers to those within the battery. And while the attempt to capture Battery Ix was probably not so furious or sanguinary as that upon Fort Haskell, it was sufficient to test to the highest degree the courage and endurance of the men. In his official report of the battle, General Willcox, the division commander, says: The 2d Michigan fought the enemy on this flank . . . in the most spirited manner, u
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
r of the slain general. An attempt was made to capture Fort Gilmer, a little further on, but the assailants were repulsed with a loss of about three hundred men. In the mean time Birney had moved out from Deep Bottom to assail the works on Spring Hill of New Market Heights. Three thousand colored troops of the Eighteenth Corps, under General Charles Paine, were put in column of division by General Butler, and sent in the advance. They pushed rapidly forward, drove in the Confederate pickets, and proceeded to assail a redoubt on Spring Hill. This was a strong work, with a tangled marsh, and a brook fringed with trees, that traversed it on the front; and it was further defended by abatis. These obstacles were little hinderance to the eager troops. They swept across the marsh and the stream, scaled the height, carried the work at the point of the bayonet, and thus secured Sept. 29, 1864. the key-point to the Confederate defenses in that quarter. Because of its importance it was
26 27 149   I 2 14 16   20 20 166   K   14 14   20 20 156 Totals 6 128 134 4 243 247 1,586 Total loss in killed and wounded, 489. Died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 35. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Jacksonville, Fla. 2 Petersburg, Va. (assault) 27 Drewry's Bluff, Va. 14 Petersburg, Va. (trenches) 21 Gill's Farm, Va. 4 Chaffin's Farm, Va. 2 Ware Bottom Church, Va. 19 Fair Oaks, Va., Oct. 27, 1864 7 Cold Harbor, Va. (assault) 22 Spring Hill, Va., Dec. 10, 1864 5 Cold Harbor, Va. (trenches) 4 Fall of Petersburg, Va. 4 Picket, July 4, 1862 1 Rice's Station, Va. 2 Present, also, at Fort Pulaski; Arrowfield Church; Chester Station; Petersburg Mine; Appomattox. notes.--The regiment left the State Sept. 10, 1861, and in the following month sailed from Annapolis with General T. W. Sherman's expedition to Port Royal, S. C. Landing at Hilton Head, Nov. 8, 1861, it remained on duty in that Military Department over two year
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 15: operations of the Army of the James around Richmond and Petersburg. (search)
t it my duty, knowing in what straits General Grant believed himself to be, to give, although reluctantly, the order for their embarkation. The Eighteenth Corps, as then reorganized, contained some sixteen thousand effective men, and their removal left me actually at Bermuda,--reckoning the cavalry, a part of whom were armed only with pistols, and possible convalescents in the hospitals,--less than eight thousand effective troops, See Appendix No. 63. leaving only small garrisons at Spring Hill on the enemy's side of the Appomatox, City Point, Fort Powhatan, and Fort Pocahontas. The capture of Fort Powhatan or Fort Pocahontas, or both, by the rebels would render it impossible for Grant to cross his army over the James, because the boats could not get up near enough to allow him to continue his line of march by the Chickahominy route across the James River. I should have felt little alarm for the safety of Bermuda had my fortifications been completed in Gillmore's front. A
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, New Jersey Volunteers. (search)
159. 36th New Jersey Regiment Volunteers. See 3rd Cavalry. 37th New Jersey Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Delaware, Trenton, N. J., and mustered in June 23, 1864. Left State for City Point, Va., June 28. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., July 1 to September 26, 1864. Attached to 10th Army Corps, Unassigned, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia, and North Carolina. Service. Fatigue duty at Point of Rocks, Va., and at Redoubt Converse on Spring Hill, near Appomattox River, till August 28. Assigned to duty by detachments, at Broadway Landing, unloading vessels, at Corps Headquarters, with the Ambulance Corps. At Point of Rocks in charge of Commissary Department. Duty in trenches before Petersburg, Va., in rear of Hare House Battery August 28-September 25. Ordered to Trenton, N. J., September 26. Mustered out at Trenton, N. J., October 1, 1864. Regiment lost during service 5 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, New York Volunteers. (search)
on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Capture of Fort Powhatan, James River, May 5. Fort Clifton May 9. Harrison's Church May 11. Harrison's Plantation May 15. Bermuda Hundred May 16. Spring Hill May 18. Fort Powhatan May 21. Wilson's Wharf Landing May 24. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30, 1864. At Battery Anderson, Bermuda Hundred front, to December, and at Spring Hill to April, 1865. Fall of Petersburg and Richmond April 2-3, 1865. Duty at Richmond till June. Mustered out at Richmond, Va., June 26, 1865. 1st New York Independent Battery Light Artillery Organized at Auburn, N. Y., and mustered in November 23, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., December 4, 1861. Attached to W. F. Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. W. F. Smith's 2n
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, United States Colored Troops. (search)
ition from Yorktown to Matthews County October 4-9, 1863. Wistar's Expedition against Richmond February 6-8, 1864. New Kent Court House February 8. Expedition to Bottom's Bridge in aid of Kilpatrick's Cavalry March 1-4. Expedition into King and Queen County March 9-12. Expedition into Matthews and Middlesex Counties March 17-21. Butler's operations south of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 15. Skirmish at Bermuda Hundred May 4. Duty at Spring Hill on the Appomattox till June. (Built Fort Converse on the Bermuda Hundred line.) Attack on Fort Converse May 20. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to December 7. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Dutch Gap September 7. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. 1st Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., December 7-27. 2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., Jan
hth) proceeded to destroy the railroad bridge across the south fork of the Shenandoah river, and burnt the depot and government buildings. Late in the afternoon the enemy attacked us in strong force with infantry, cavalry, and artillery. They were held in check until after dark, when on the return of the regiment sent with Brigadier-General Custer, notifying me of an attempt by the enemy to cut me off from the main army, which was then twenty-five or thirty miles distant, I fell back to Spring Hill, on Middle river, on the back road from Staunton to Harrisonburg. On the morning of the twenty-ninth marched to Bridgewater, on the North river. Left the Third division (Brigadier-General Wilson) in position there, and sent the Reserve brigade Colonel Lowell), of the First division, to join its division in the neighborhood of Cross Keys, In the mean time the First division (Brigadier-General Merritt) and the Second division, West Virginia cavalry (Colonel Powell), were operating in th
. — First Lieutenant G. B., of the 6th U. S. Infantry, Brevet Colonel, Lieut. Colonel, Assistant Adj. General, U. S. Volunteers, to be Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, by brevet, for faithful, efficient and meritorious services during the war, to date from Mar. 13, 1865. G. O. 65, June 22, 1867. Draper, Colonel A. G., of the 36th U. S. Colored Infantry, to be Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, by brevet, for gallant and meritorious service in the attack upon the enemy's works at Spring Hill, Va., to date from Oct. 28, 1864. G. O. 15, Feb. 6, 1865. Draper, William F., late Lieut. Colonel of the 36th Mass. Volunteers, to be Colonel, U. S. Volunteers, by brevet, for gallant and meritorious services in the field during the war, to date from Mar. 13, 1865. G. O. 67, July 16, 1867. — Brevet Colonel William F., U. S. Volunteers, and late Lieut. Colonel of the 36th Mass. Infantry, to be Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, by brevet, for gallant and meritorious services in the
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