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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Stonewall Jackson's Valley campaign. (search)
's Division. On Sunday McDowell, despairing of heading off Jackson, sent his cavalry to unite with Fremont, at Strasburg, in pursuing the Confederates, and dispatched Shields' Division up the Luray Valley, with the sanguine hope that the latter might, by moving on the longer and worse road, get in the rear of Jackson, who, with a day's start, was moving on the shorter and better. On Friday morning Jackson was in front of Harper's Ferry, fifty miles in advance of Strasburg; Fremont was at Moorefield, thirty-eight miles from Strasburg, with his advance ten miles on the way to the latter place; Shields was not more than twenty miles from Strasburg (for his advance entered Front Royal, which is but twelve miles distant, before midday on Friday), while McDowell was following with another division within supporting distance. Yet by Sunday night Jackson had marched a distance of between fifty and sixty miles, though encumbered with prisoners and captured stores, had reached Strasburg befor
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 8: winter campaign in the Valley. 1861-62. (search)
ring in winter quarters, near Romney, and to canton Boggs' brigade of militia along the south branch, from that town to Moorefield, with three companies of cavalry for duty upon the outposts. The remainder of the cavalry and militia returned to Batheneral Edward Johnson, upon the Alleghany Mountain; for a forced march of three days would have brought those troops to Moorefield. At Winchester, forty miles from Romney, was the Stonewall Brigade, ready to launch itself from its central position udvance. The enemy immediately assumed the aggressive again, and reoccupied Romney in force. February 12th they seized Moorefield, and on the 14th they surprised and routed the advanced force, composed of a small brigade of militia, stationed at Blo 12,000 men. The whole valley of the South Branch was now open to their incursions. Good roads led up this stream from Moorefield to its head, far in the rear of General Edward Johnson's position on the Alleghany, which the enemy had found so impreg
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 30: Averill's raid and the winter campaign. (search)
pent the night. From this point the road to Moorefield ascends to the summit of Branch Mountain andrks, McNeil's company was thrown forward to Moorefield and the North Fork, to cover our front and p fort at Petersburg eight or ten miles above Moorefield on the North Fork, from discovering our preson Creek road across Patterson Mountain from Moorefield at an early hour next day. Rosser immediatel suddenly in view of the beautiful valley of Moorefield and saw spread out before them what Johnson osed to murmur, and reaching the vicinity of Moorefield late in the afternoon, their spirits were std the kind hospitality of the good people of Moorefield and the vicinity rendered this winter campai cattle and sheep, with which he returned to Moorefield in two or three days. The, enemy, however, hour possession, and as we were moving out of Moorefield, the enemy's force consisting of Kelly's com ahead of the infantry the day after we left Moorefield, I understood, on the road, there was a repo[2 more...]
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 43: the burning of Chambersburg. (search)
this occasion. He then moved in the direction of Cumberland, but on approaching that town, he found it defended by a force under Kelly too strong for him to attack, and he withdrew towards Hampshire County in Virginia, and crossed the Potomac near the mouth of the South Branch, capturing the garrison at that place and partially destroying the railroad bridge. He then invested the post on the railroad at New Creek, but finding it too strongly fortified to take by assault, he moved to Moorefield in Hardy County, near which he halted to rest and recruit his men and horses, as the command was now considered safe from pursuit. Averill, however, had been pursuing from Chambersburg with a body of cavalry, and Johnson's brigade was surprised in camp, before day, on the morning of the 7th of August, and routed by Averill's force. This resulted also in the rout of McCausland's brigade, and the loss of the artillery (4 pieces), and about 300 prisoners from the whole command. The balance
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 44: retreat to Fisher's Hill. (search)
uced to about 1,700 muskets by the same causes. Making a small allowance for details and those unfit for duty, I had about 8,500 muskets for duty. When I returned from Maryland, my cavalry consisted of the remnants of five small brigades, to wit: Imboden's, McCausland's, Johnson's, Jackson's and Vaughan's. Vaughan's had now been ordered to Southwestern Virginia, most of the men having left without permission. The surprise and rout of McCausland's and Johnson's brigades by Averill at Moorefield had resulted in the loss of a considerable number of horses and men, and such had been the loss in all the brigades, in the various fights and skirmishes in which they had been engaged, that the whole of this cavalry, now under Lomax, numbered only about 1,700 mounted men. Fitz. Lee had brought with him two brigades, to wit: Wickham's and Lomax's old brigade (now under Colonel Payne), numbering about 1,200 mounted men. I had three battalions of artillery which had been with me near Washing
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
), 40, 101, 240, 244-46, 250-51, 475 Mine Run, 317-19, 321-23, 325-26, 343, 345 Mississippi Troops, 3, 15, 19, 60-61, 63, 67, 69, 204, 208, 234, 236, 466 Missouri, 158, 460 Mitchell's Ford, 5, 7, 9, 15, 19, 20, 27-28, 31, 35, 60, 61 Monaghan, Colonel, 193, 207, 409 Monocacy, 135, 186, 387-88, 391-92- 93, 395, 417, 475 Monocacy Junction, 386, 402 Monterey Springs, 281 Montgomery County, 327, 479 Montreal, Canada, 473 Moore, Captain, 465 Moore, Lieutenant, 311 Moorefield, 334-339, 404, 416 Moorefield Valley, 334 Morrison, Lieutenant, 177, 216, 477 Morton's Ford, 302, 317, 320-21, 325 Mosby, Colonel, Jno. S., 382-83, 391 Moss Neck, 192 Mott, Colonel, 60 Mount Crawford, 331, 368-69, 435, 462 Mount Jackson, 333-34, 339, 366, 368-69, 398, 404, 432-33, 450, 454, 461 Mount Meridian, 366, 434 Mount Sydney, 368, 435 Mountain Run, 317, 318 Mulligan, Colonel (U. S. A.), 384, 400 Mummasburg, 256-57-58, 264, 266-67 Munford, General
, and I was temporarily assigned to command it. Hunter's men had been bivouacking for some days past in the vicinity of MonocacyJunction and Frederick, but before General Grant's instructions were written out, Hunter had conformed to them by directing the concentration at Halltown, about four miles in front of Harper's Ferry, of all his force available for field service. Therefore the different bodies of troops, with the exception of Averell's cavalry, which had followed McCausland toward Moorefield after the burning of Chambersburg, were all in motion toward Halltown on August 6. Affairs at Monocacy kept me but an hour or two, and these disposed of, I continued on to Harper's Ferry by the special train which had brought me from Washington, that point being intended as my headquarters while making preparations to advance. The enemy was occupying Martinsburg, Williamsport, and Shepherdstown at the time, sending occasional raiding parties into Maryland as far as Hagerstown. The co
ays these spies returned with the intelligence that Gilmore was on his way to Moorefield, the centre of a very disloyal section in West Virginia, about ninety miles s I directed Young to undertake the task, and as a preliminary step he sent to Moorefield two of his men who early in the war had refugeed from that section and enlistreported that Gilmore was living at a house between three and four miles from Moorefield, and gave full particulars as to his coming and going, the number of men he hhand I directed Young to take twenty of his best men and leave that night for Moorefield, dressed in Confederate uniforms, telling him that I would have about three hy welcome wherever he halted on the way, and as he passed through the town of Moorefield learned with satisfaction that Gilmore still made his headquarters at the houof cavalry gave hot chase from Cumberland, striving to intercept the party at Moorefield and other points, but all efforts were fruitless, the prisoners soon being be
amnesty to such persons for all past offences. General Lander made a forced reconnoissance last night and to-day, and, with four hundred cavalry, broke up the rebel nest at Blooming Gap, Va., taking seventeen commissioned officers, fifty-eight privates, and killing thirteen others, with the loss of only two men and six horses.--Colonel Carroll, of the Fifth or Eighth Ohio regiment, made a very daring reconnoissance to Unger's Store, in Va.--General Dunning arrived at New Creek from Moorefield, Va., at which place he captured two hundred and twenty-five beef-cattle, and dispersed the guerrillas there, with the loss of two of his men wounded.--(Doc. 36.) The iron-clad steam gunboat Mystic was launched at the town in Connecticut from which she takes her name. Her extreme length over all is two hundred feet, and her armor, which extends two feet below the water-line, is composed of longitudinal iron bars three and a quarter inches thick, showing four inches face, and bolted eve
ith the current about a mile, when the Kanawha was ordered to go in and bring her out, which she did under a heavy fire from the fort. The battles of Peach Orchard and Savage's Station, Va., were fought this day.--(Doc. 78 and Supplement.) A fight took place at Henderson, Ky., between a company of the Louisville Provost-Guard, supported by a detachment of Captain Andrew's Michigan battery, and a force of rebel guerrillas, which resulted in the complete rout of the latter. Moorefield, Va., was this day captured by a body of Ashby's cavalry, eighty-six in number, under the command of Colonel Harris. A large company of the Maryland Home Guard occupied the place at the time, but they made no defence, having been informed that the rebel force was four thousand strong. They were taken prisoners, and were released next day. General Halleck, at Corinth, Miss., issued an order authorizing the protection of the mail service in his department.--The bombardment of Vicksburgh
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