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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1. 68 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore) 49 1 Browse Search
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army 45 1 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2. 44 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 32 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 32 6 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 28 4 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore) 16 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 14 2 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 11 1 Browse Search
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Chapter 19: situation in the West. Demand for General Johnston in the West. his orders. rank. command. Missouri. its politics. Blair and Lyon. Jackson and Price. camp Jackson. War. battle of Wilson's Creek. capture of Lexington. Fremont advances. Price retires. Hardee. Kentucky. her people and politics. John C. Breckinridge. other leaders. Simon B. Buckner. political contest. Duplicity. neutrality. secret Union clubs. Unionists prevail. camp Boone. military post reaching the dignity of a battle in the numbers present, but in no other respect. The first occasion on which the opposing forces measured arms, under their leaders and with real purpose, was on the 10th of August, 1861, at the battle of Wilson's Creek or Oak Hills, near Springfield, Missouri. Lyon had followed the Missourians to this remote quarter with a small, though well organized, drilled, and disciplined, army. According to the official report, he had 5,868 men, including 1,200 r
ather them, and Memphis shall bury them. Grant showed his usual bravery and coolness on the field. On the other side, Pillow displayed conspicuous gallantry, and but one of his staff escaped untouched. General Polk complimented Pillow and his officers for their courage. A member of Taylor's battery (Federal), writing home next day, Rebellion record, vol. III., p. 293. tells his friend: We returned home last night from the hardest-fought battle our troops have had since Wilson's Creek. It is the old story. We were overpowered by superior numbers and driven from the field, leaving many of our dead and dying, although we had once fairly gained the victory. . . . The whole thing was an awful bungle. This, possibly, may be the criticism of many a military (or non-military) reader of the varied accounts of this opening battle of the campaign. Whatever other comment may be made, or lesson drawn from it, its story is highly honorable to the individual courage, tena
ind, or a little pewter extinguisher, puts out the light that shines over many a league of land and sea. No man has any tenure of the things of this world in the grave. His power, his authority, most of his influence, die with him. There come others in his place, and all his plans, his methods, and his informing spirit, are changed. It was so in this case. General Beauregard retired to Corinth, where Van Dorn reinforced him almost immediately with 17,000 men, the strong fighters of Wilson's Creek and Elkhorn. These troops, added to the effective total reported by Jordan after the battle of Shiloh, 32,212, give an army of nearly 50,000 men fit for duty. Reinforcements were poured in from every quarter. But, with an aggregate on the rolls of 112,092, the effective total could not be gotten above a reported effective force of 52,706 men. The sick and absent numbered more than one-half the army. No sudden epidemic had smitten the camp; the sickness was the effect of causes eviden
' sake, called cavalry; but they had not a particle of discipline among them; they had been drilled to serve on foot, and were armed with every imaginable weapon; their horses, too, were little better than skeletons. Finding that the enemy had fallen back the day previous before our advance-guard, we hurried forward in pursuit; but after a march of some twenty miles, the men were completely broken down from fatigue and the want of proper supplies. On the tenth of August we camped at Wilson's Creek, about ten miles south of Springfield, and the whole country was scoured for provisions. Whatever the fields produced was instantly appropriated, and many of us thanked Providence for the abundance of green corn. Ben McCulloch had halted his advance on the right of the road, assisted by Pearce, while Price was on the left of it; and thoughtless of danger — in fact, never dreaming of Lyon being in the vicinity at all-threw out no pickets; or if any were in advance, they were few indeed
, but the men used to sing the following chorus:-- 'Tis the song of the soldier, weary, hungry, and faint, Hardtack, hardtack, come again no more; Many days have I chewed you and uttered no complaint, O Greenbacks, come again once more! It is possible at least that this song, sung by the soldiers of the Army of the Potomac, was an outgrowth of the following circumstance and song. I am quite sure, however, that the verses were different. For some weeks before the battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo., where the lamented Lyon fell, the First Iowa Regiment had been supplied with a very poor quality of hard bread (they were not then (1861) called hardtack). During this period of hardship to the regiment, so the story goes, one of its members was inspired to produce the following touching lamentation:-- Let us close our game of poker, Take our tin cups in our hand, While we gather round the cook's tent door, Where dry mummies of hard crackers Are given to each man; O hard crackers
tts, 139; 40th Massachusetts, 270; 7th Michigan, 391; 7th New Hampshire, 248; 33rd New York, 277; 60th New York, 287; 72nd Pennsylvania, 312; 10th Vermont, 246; Artillery: 1st Maine, 319; 10th Massachusetts, 278; Cavalry: 10th New York, 139; Engineers: 15th New York, 378; 50th New York, 378, 384, 393 United States Christian Commission, 64-65 Taylor, Zachary, 25 412 Vicksburg, 57, 383 Vining's Station, Ga., 400 Wadsworth, James S., 369 Warren, Gouverneur K., 246,308, 349,367,406 Warrenton Sulphur Springs, Va., 239 Washington, 19,23,30, 120,162, 189,198,218,244,250-52,258, 265,298,303,315,318-19,331, 355,396 Wauhatchie, Tenn., 295 413 Waverly Magazine, 333 Weitzel, Godfrey, 268 Weldon and Petersburg Railroad, 246,327,351 West Roxbury, Mass., 44 Wilcox's Landing, Va., 237, 391 Wilderness, The, 177, 181,238,308, 323-24,331,339,342,363-64, 375,378,384 Wilson, Henry, 225,315 Wilson, James H., 267,372-75 Wilson's Creek, 118 Worcester, Mass., 44
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The first year of the War in Missouri. (search)
expectedly, and to defeat him. To his amazement he learned, on approaching the spot, that Lyon had left twenty hours before, and must now be almost in sight of Springfield. The Confederates kept on, and on the 6th of August went into camp on Wilson's Creek, within ten miles of Springfield. They were still lying there on the morning of the 10th of August, when they were surprised and suddenly attacked on the north by Lyon, and on the south by Sigel. For maps and more specific descriptions of the three chief engagements of this first year,--Wilson's Creek, Lexington, and Pea Ridge,--see the papers by Generals Pearce and Wherry, Colonel Mulligan, and General Sigel, to follow.-editors. One of the stubbornest and bloodiest battles of the war now took place. Lyon's main attack was met by Price with about 3200 Missourians, and Churchill's regiment and Woodruff's battery, both from Arkansas. His left was met and driven back by McIntosh with a part of McCulloch's brigade (the Third L
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., In command in Missouri. (search)
ar a fortnight before the battle, the opinion of his officers was unanimous for retreating upon Rolla. On the 13th news reached me of the battle fought at Wilson's Creek on the 10th between about 6000 Union troops, under Lyon, and a greatly superior force under Price and McCulloch. I was informed that General Lyon had been kiich I am restricted compels me to pass over here the circumstances which made inevitable the loss of Lexington, upon which Price advanced after his victory at Wilson's Creek. All possible efforts were made to relieve Colonel Mulligan, but, notwithstanding the large concentration of troops for his relief, these efforts were bafflee preservation of order being left to the State courts. Generals Asboth and Sigel, division commanders, now reported that the enemy's advance-guard was at Wilson's Creek, nine miles distant, several thousand strong; his main body occupying the roads in the direction of Cassville, at which place General Price had his headquarte
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Wilson's Creek, and the death of Lyon. (search)
Wilson's Creek, and the death of Lyon. William M. Wherry, Sixth U. S. Infantry, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V., at Wilson's Creek Aide-de-Camp to General LyonWilson's Creek Aide-de-Camp to General Lyon. About the middle of July, 1861, the Army of the Union in south-west Missouri, under General Nathaniel Lyon, was encamped in and near the town of Springfield, and planned for the following night, to make an attack on the enemy's front at Wilson's Creek at daylight. From this intention General Lyon was dissuaded, after having r comrades and the admiration of their foes, was holding the point south of Wilson's Creek, selected by Lyon for attack. Price's command consisted of five bodies of west, to the Little York road, as did also Lieutenant The battle-field of Wilson's Creek as seen from behind Pearce's camp on the east side of the Creek---see map, time a body of troops was observed moving down the hill on the east bank of Wilson's Creek toward Lyon's left, and an attack by other troops from that direction was a
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Arkansas troops in the battle of Wilson's Creek. (search)
Arkansas troops in the battle of Wilson's Creek. N. B. Pearce, Brigadier-General, C. S. A. I style this short account nfederate army under General Ben. McCulloch, camped on Wilson's Creek, ten miles south of Springfield, in south-west Missouers were on the right of the Springfield road, east of Wilson's Creek, rather in advance of the center of the camp. Generalished my headquarters on the heights east and south of Wilson's Creek and the Springfield road, with my forces occupying theeak, on the 10th of August, found the command still at Wilson's Creek, cheerlessly waiting, many of the troops remaining in out 7 o'clock--was confined to the corn-field north of Wilson's Creek, where the Louisiana infantry, with Lieutenant-Colonelltaneously the battle opened farther west and south of Wilson's Creek, where the Missouri troops were attacked by the main cattery unlimbered near, the Fayetteville road, west of Wilson's Creek, opposite and within range of Reid's battery as it was
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