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Diodorus Siculus, Library 16 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 14 0 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 6 0 Browse Search
C. Julius Caesar, Commentaries on the Civil War (ed. William Duncan) 4 0 Browse Search
Aristotle, Rhetoric (ed. J. H. Freese) 4 0 Browse Search
Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation 2 0 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 51-61 2 0 Browse Search
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Flavius Josephus, Against Apion (ed. William Whiston, A.M.) 2 0 Browse Search
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Andocides, Against Alcibiades, section 22 (search)
That is why the young spend their days in the courts instead of in the gymnasia; that is why our old men fight our battles, while our young men make speeches— they take Alcibiades as their model, Alcibiades who carries his villainy to such unheard-of lengths that, after recommending that the people of MelosIn 425 B.C. Melos refused to pay the increased tribute demanded of her, and during the years which followed displayed a general defiance of Athens. Athens finally acted in the summer of 416. A fleet attacked the island, the male population was massacred, and the women and children sold as slaves. See Thuc. 5. be sold into slavery, he purchased a woman from among the prisoners and has since had a son by her, a child whose birth was more unnatural than that of Aegis—thus,Son of Thyestes by his own daughter, Pelopeia. He was exposed as a child, but saved by shepherds. His uncle, Atreus, then brought him up as his own son. Later he murdered Atreus and placed Thyestes on his throne
Aristotle, Rhetoric (ed. J. H. Freese), book 1, chapter 3 (search)
is inexpedient or is dissuading from what is useful; but often he is quite indifferent about showing that the enslavement of neighboring peoples, even if they have done no harm, is not an act of injustice.The omission of ou)k before a)/dikon has been suggested. The sense would then be: “As to the injustice of enslaving . . . he is quite indifferent.” There is no doubt a reference to the cruel treatment by Athens of the inhabitants of the island of Melos (416 B.C.) for its loyalty to the Spartans during the Peloponnesian war (Thuc. 5.84-116). The Athenian envoys declined to discuss the question of right or wrong, which they said was only possible between equal powers, and asserted that expediency was the only thing that had to be considered. The question of justice or injustice (in the Melian case entirely disregarded), even when taken into account, was merely accessory and intended to serv
Aristotle, Rhetoric (ed. J. H. Freese), book 3, chapter 9 (search)
efinite idea, if he is checked by the speaker stopping, a sort of stumble is bound to occur in consequence of the sudden stop. If too long, they leave the hearer behind, as those who do not turn till past the ordinary limit leave behind those who are walking with them. Similarly long periods assume the proportions of a speech and resemble dithyrambic preludes. This gives rise to what Democritus of ChiosA well-known musician. jokingly rebuked in Melanippides,Of Melos. He wrote rambling dithyrambic preludes without strophic correspondence. Others take a)nabolh/ to mean an entire ode. who instead of antistrophes composed dithyrambic preludes: A man does harm to himself in doing harm to another, and a long prelude is most deadly to one who composes it;Hes. WD 265. The second line is a parody of 266, h( de\ kakh\ boulh\ tw=| bouleu/santi kaki/sth. for these verses m
Demosthenes, Against Theocrines, section 56 (search)
For surely, Moerocles, we are not now going to exact ten talents from the MeliansMelos, an island in the southern Aegean. in accordance with the terms of your decree, because they gave harborage to the pirates, and yet suffer this man to go free who has transgressed both your decree and the laws which maintain our state. And shall we prevent from wrongdoing the islanders, against whom we must man our ships in order to hold them to their duty, but you abominable creatures, upon whom these jurymen should inflict the penalty according to the laws, while they sit right here—shall we let you go? You will not, at least if you are wise.Read the stelê.The marble slab upon which the decree was inscribed. Stele
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 9, Chapter 14 (search)
It is no great thing to possess strength, whatever kind it is, but to use it as one should. For of what advantage to Milo of Croton was his enormous strength of body?How Milo's strength brought about his death is told in Strabo 6.1.12. The death of Polydamas, the Thessalian, when he was crushed by the rocks,Polydamas, a famous athlete, was in a cave when the roof began to crack. His companions fled to safety, but Polydamas thought he could support the roof (cp. Pa his enormous strength of body?How Milo's strength brought about his death is told in Strabo 6.1.12. The death of Polydamas, the Thessalian, when he was crushed by the rocks,Polydamas, a famous athlete, was in a cave when the roof began to crack. His companions fled to safety, but Polydamas thought he could support the roof (cp. Paus. 6.5.4 ff.). made clear to all men how precarious it is to have great strength but little sense.Const. Exc. 4, pp. 285-286.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 3 (search)
And now it will be useful to distinguish those Greeks who chose the side of the barbarians, in order that, incurring our censure here, their example may, by the obloquy visited upon them, deter for the future any who may become traitors to the common freedom. The Aenianians, Dolopians, Melians,The inhabitants of Malis (also called Melis) in S. Thessaly, not of the island Melos in the southern Aegean. Perrhaebians, and Magnetans took the side of the barbarians even while the defending force was still at Tempe, and after its departure the Achaeans of Phthia, Locrians, Thessalians, and the majority of the Boeotians went over to the barbarians. But the Greeks who were meeting in congress at the IsthmusAt Corinth. voted to make the Greeks who voluntarily chose the cause of the Persians pay a tithe to the gods, when they should be successful in the war, and to send ambassadors to those Greeks who were neutral to urge them to join in
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 9 (search)
uperior foe, and the Council and people were at a loss what to do. At first the sentiments of the masses, from fear of the war, leaned toward handing over the suppliants, but after this, when Pythagoras the philosopher advised that they grant safety to the suppliants, they changed their opinions and accepted the war on behalf of the safety of the suppliants. When the Sybarites advanced against them with three hundred thousand men, the Crotoniates opposed them with one hundred thousand under the command of Milo the athlete, who by reason of his great physical strength was the first to put to flight his adversaries. For we are told that this man, who had won the prize in Olympia six times and whose courage was of the measure of his physical body, came to battle wearing his Olympic crowns and equipped with the gear of Heracles, lion's skin and club; and he won the admiration of his fellow citizens as responsible for their victory.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 42 (search)
eutral; and of the peoples outside of the Peloponnesus the Megarians, Ambraciotes, Leucadians, Phocians, Boeotians, and of the Locrians,Those facing Euboea were the Opuntian Locrians, those on the Corinthian Gulf the Ozolian. the majority of those facing Euboea, and the Amphissians of the rest. The Athenians had as allies the peoples of the coast of Asia, namely, the Carians, Dorians, Ionians, and Hellespontines, also all the islanders except the inhabitants of Melos and Thera, likewise the dwellers in Thrace except the Chalcidians and Potidaeans, furthermore the Messenians who dwelt in Naupactus and the Cercyraeans. Of these, the Chians, Lesbians, and Cercyraeans furnished ships,There is a lacuna in the Greek; the preceding words of the sentence are taken from Thuc. 2.9.5. and all the rest supplied infantry. The allies, then, on both sides were as we have listed them. After the Lacedaemonians had prepared for service a str
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 65 (search)
Athens the archon was Isarchus and in Rome the consuls elected were Titus Quinctius and Gaius Julius, and among the Eleians the Eighty-ninth Olympiad was celebrated, that in which SymmachusOf Messene; cp. chap. 49.1. won the "stadion" for the second time. This year the Athenians chose as general Nicias, the son of Niceratus, and assigning to him sixty triremes and three thousand hoplites, they ordered him to plunder the allies of the Lacedaemonians. He sailed to Melos as the first place, where he ravaged their territory and for a number of days laid siege to the city; for it was the only island of the Cyclades which was maintaining its alliance with the Lacedaemonians, being a Spartan colony. Nicias was unable to take the city, however, since the Melians defended themselves gallantly, and he then sailed to OropusOropus was always debatable territory between Attica and Boeotia. in Boeotia. Leaving his ships there, he advanc
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 80 (search)
, who slew more than one thousand Locrians. The Athenians under the command of Nicias seized two cities, Cythera and NisaeaThe loss of Cythera was a blow to the Spartans, that of Nisaea to the Megarians.; and they reduced Melos by siege, slew all the males from the youth upward, and sold into slavery the children and women.Melos was destroyed in 416 B.C. Such were the affairs of the Greeks in this year. In Italy the Fidenates, when ambassadors came tMelos was destroyed in 416 B.C. Such were the affairs of the Greeks in this year. In Italy the Fidenates, when ambassadors came to their city from Rome, put them to death for trifling reasons. Incensed at such an act, the Romans voted to go to war, and mobilizing a strong army they appointed Anius Aemilius Dictator and with him, following their custom, Aulus Cornelius Master of Horse. Aemilius, after making all the preparations for the war, marched with his army against the Fidenates. And when the Fidenates drew up their forces to oppose the Romans, a fierce battle ensued which continued a long t
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