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m's Fork, at a camp some thirty miles from Fort Bridger and 130 miles from South Pass. Next day Coat Bear River Valley was impracticable, and Fort Bridger the only point of concentration where the agrass, and shelter, which we knew were near Fort Bridger. The army under my command took the last phree to five miles a day, till they reached Fort Bridger, near which camp was pitched for the winterefore retiring, had burned the buildings at Fort Bridger and Fort Supply, twelve miles distant, and destroyed the grain and crops round about. Fort Bridger was situated on Black's Fork of Green River the surrounding region that such a nook as Fort Bridger could be considered a favored spot. In thea city of refuge in a solitude of snow. Fort Bridger itself was only the ruins of a trading-postith Magraw's wagon-train, but did not reach Fort Bridger before March, was enabled, through the assihoroughly disciplined during the winter, at Fort Bridger, and was prepared in every respect to carry[10 more...]
by General Johnston with the Indians, General Porter makes these remarks: While journeying to Utah, and while at Fort Bridger, Colonel Johnston took every occasion to bring the Indians within knowledge and influence of the army, and induced numormons, and continued observation of their system, gave General Johnston no better opinion of them than he had held at Fort Bridger. In commenting upon his own official reports, he wrote to General Scott, March 31, 1859: I have refrained from il route and emigrant trail to California, 800 miles shorter than the old road. He opened the route up Provo River to Fort Bridger, which, with the route through Bridger's Pass to the east, and to California west, established the easiest, best, and he location of a railroad route to the Pacific. The Union Pacific Railroad now runs some distance east and west of Fort Bridger over the route laid down, and much of it opened, by Colonel Johnston; and, had not the local interests of Brigham Youn
ing the main force the other columns struck by a blizzard Custer's fight on the Washita defeat and death of Black Kettle massacre of Elliott's party relief of Colonel Crawford. The end of October saw completed the most of my arrangements for the winter campaign, though the difficulties and hardships to be encountered had led several experienced officers of the army, and some frontiersmen like Mr. James Bridger, the famous scout and guide of earlier days, to discourage the project. Bridger even went so far as to come out from St. Louis to dissuade me, but I reasoned that as the soldier was much better fed and clothed than the Indian, I had one great advantage, and that, in short, a successful campaign could be made if the operations of the different columns were energetically conducted. To see to this I decided to go in person with the main column, which was to push down into the western part of the Indian Territory, having for its initial objective the villages which, at th
Beyond and to the northward the plain of sage and greasewood extends some fifty miles to a high range of mountains, three high buttes in the midst of the plain, forming a prominent landmark. The distance from Soda Springs to this ferry via Fort Bridger and Fort Hall emigrant road, is upward of seventy miles, pursuing a north-westerly course. Emigrants from the East via this road for the new mines, leaving the ferry, travel up the Snake River in nearly an easterly direction about seventy miloda Springs to Bannock City, will render the distance from the latter place to this point not more than three hundred and fifty miles. The new road north from Soda Springs to Snake River will shorten the route of emigrants from the East via Fort Bridger, not less than seventy miles, as well as present a route well watered and furnishing good feed for animals, with an abundance of game. The expedition has travelled in a direct line about five hundred miles, and has carefully explored a regi
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 1: from the U. S.A. Into the C. S.A. (search)
e troops. The near approach of winter decided the War Department to halt Johnston and put him in winter quarters at Fort Bridger, east of the Wasatch, until he could be heavily reenforced in the spring. Six columns of reenforcements were ordered headwaters in the Southern Black Hills, and thence, via Bridger's Pass, to join the old road a short distance east of Fort Bridger. Only Fremont, some years before, had ever gone through by that route, and it was thought to be materially shorter. icable road. We also had to ferry, using iron wagon bodies as boats, the Laramie, the North Platte, and Green rivers. Fort Bridger was reached on Aug. 1— 86 days, 970 miles. The new route proved to be 49 miles shorter than the South Pass road. Without mails for six weeks, it was only on arrival at Fort Bridger we learned that the Mormon War was over. Brigham Young, on seeing the large force prepared to install his rival, Gov. Cumming, had wisely concluded to submit and forego his dream of i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bad lands, the. (search)
Bad lands, the. Mauvaises Terres, of the old French fur-traders' dialect, are an extensive tract in the Dakotas, Wyoming, and northwestern Nebraska, between the North Fork of the Platte and the South Fork of the Cheyene rivers, west, south, and southeast of the Black Hills. It lies mostly between long. 103° and 105° N., with an area as yet not perfectly defined, but estimated to cover about 60,000 square miles. There are similar lands in the Green River region, of which Fort Bridger is the centre, and in southeastern Oregon. They belong to the Miocence period, geologically speaking. The surface materials are for the most part white and yellowish indurated clays, sands, marls, and occasional thin beds of lime and sandstone. The locality is fitly described as one of the most wonderful regions of the globe. It is held by geologists that during the geological period named a vast fresh-water lake system covered this portion of our continent, when the comparatively soft materials
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shoshone Indians, or Snake Indians, (search)
verland emigrants to California met them in the Great Salt Lake region, on the Humboldt River, and at other places. Soon after that emigration began, these bands assumed a hostile attitude towards the white people, and in 1849 some of them were engaged in open war. Short periods of peace were obtained by treaties, and finally, in 1864, some of the Shoshones ceded their lands to the United States. The non-fulfilment of the agreement on the part of the latter caused the Indians to begin hostilities again. In 1867 a treaty was made at Fort Bridger, after which the United States government attempted to gather the scattered bands on reservations, and partially succeeded. One reservation (Fort Hall) in Idaho contained at one time 1,200 of the tribe; and 800 were on a reservation in Wyoming Territory, exposed to attacks from the Sioux. In 1899 there were 1,016 Shoshones at the Fort Hall agency, Idaho; 215 at the Lemhi agency, in the same State; and 842 at the Shoshone agency in Wyoming.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wyoming, (search)
ort on Laramie Fork, which they name Fort William, since Fort Laramie.......1834 First emigrant train for Oregon and California crosses Wyoming......1841 Fort Bridger erected on Green River by James Bridger, a famous trapper......1842 Col. J. C. Fremont, with a government exploring expedition, ascends and names Fremont's ry acquired by the United States from Mexico by the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo......Feb. 2, 1848 Fort Laramie transferred to the United States......1849 Fort Bridger sold for $8,000 to the Mormons......1853 Sioux Indian war begins; Lieutenant Grattan and twenty-eight men sent from Fort Laramie to arrest an Indian who had the Union Pacific Railroad coal-mines, and drive them to the hills, massacring many......Sept. 2, 1885 Treaty concluded with the Shoshones and Bannocks at Fort Bridger, setting apart a reservation in Wyoming......July 3, 1886 Laramie Glass Company inaugurate the first window-glass factory west of Illinois......April 6, 188
Mich.30.05 Mackinac, Mich.23.96 Richmond, Ind.43.32 Peoria, Ill41.25 Milwaukee, Wis.30.40 Fort Snelling, Minn.25.11 Muscatine, Iowa42.88 St. Louis, Mo.42.18 Fort Gibson, Ind. Ter.36.37 Fort Towson, Ind. Ter.51.08 Fort Leavenworth, Kan.31.74 Fort Kearney, Neb.25.25 Fort Randall, Dak.16.51 Fort Laramic, Wyoming15.16 Fort Massachusetts, Col.17.06 Fort Garland, Col6.11 Fort Craig, New Mexico11.67 Fort Marcy, New Mexico16.65 Fort Defiance, Arizona14.21 Salt Lake, Utah23.85 Fort Bridger, Utah6.12 Sacramento, Cal19.56 San Francisco, Cal21.69 San Diego, Cal9.16 Meadow Valley, Cal57.03 Dalles, Oregon21.74 Fort Hoskins, Oregon66.71 Fort Vancouver, Washington Territory38.84 Fort Colville, Wash. Ter.9.83 Neah Bay, Wash. Ter123.35 Sitka, Alaska83.39 Vera Cruz, Mexico183.20 Cordova, Mexico112.08 Bermuda55.34 San Domingo107.6 Havana, Cuba91.2 Rio Janeiro, Brazil59.2 Maranham277.00 Cayenne116.00 Toronto, Canada35.17 St. Johns, Newfoundland58.30 St. John, N. B.
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, California Volunteers. (search)
ill May, 1865. Ordered to Fort Creek May 26, and duty there and in District of California till muster out. Company L --At Fort Churchill December, 1862, to May, 1863. Ordered to Camp Independence May 21, 1863. At Fort Churchill and Fort Bridger till May, 1865. Moved to Fort Laramie, Dakota. Skirmish at Dead Man's Fork June 17. Powder River Expedition July to September, 1865. Garrison duty in District of Utah till muster out. Company M --Ordered to Carson City, Nev., Maass to Cache Valley November 20-27, 1862. Cache Valley November 23. Engagement on Bear River January 29, 1863. Expedition from Camp Douglass to Spanish Fork April 2-6. Action at Spanish Fork Canon April 4. Duty at Camp Douglass, Fort Bridger and Camp Connor till May, 1865. Moved to Fort Laramie, Dakota, May, 1865. Dead Man's Fork, Dakota, June 17. On Powder River Expedition July to September and garrison duty in Utah till muster out. Mustered out July 12, 1866. 1st
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