o have selected and pitted these two champions against each other.
Therefore, when the Illinois State convention on June 16, 1858, passed by acclamation a separate resolution, That Abraham Lincoln is the first and only choice of the Republicans of Illinois for the United States Senate as the successor of Stephen A. Douglas, it only recorded the well-known judgment of the party.
After its routine work was finished, the convention adjourned to meet again in the hall of the State House at Springfield at eight o'clock in the evening.
At that hour Mr. Lincoln appeared before the assembled delegates and delivered a carefully studied speech, which has become historic.
After a few opening sentences, he uttered the following significant prediction:
A house divided against itself cannot stand.
I believe this government cannot endure permanently, half slave and half free.
I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall-but I do expect it will cease to be