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their guns. The fire of the St. Louis was precise, and the shot told well. The officers and men of this vessel behaved with firmness, Mr. Riley, the first Master, carrying out all my orders strictly, while the officers of the gun divisions, Messrs. Loving and Ferry, paid particular attention to the pointing of their respective guns. Mr. Britton, my Aid, paid all attention to my orders, and conveyed them correctly and with alacrity; in fact, all the officers and men on board behaved like veterans. Your obedient servant, W. D Porter, Commander. Flag-Officer Foote, in forwarding this report, says: Cairo, Jan. 13, 182. sir: I forward a report from Commander Porter. The rebel gunboat shells all fell short of our boats, while our shells reached and ranged beyond their boats, showing the greater range of our guns, but the escape of the rebels showed the greater speed of their boats. Your obedient servant, A. H. Foote, Flag-Officer. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary Navy.
airo expedition. Official report of Gen; McClernand. headquarters, District of Cairo, Cairo, ill., January 24. Major-Gen. Henry W. Halleck, Commanding Department of Missouri: sir: Being inof this district, it becomes my duty to submit the following report of the expedition which left Cairo, on the tenth inst., under order to penetrate the interior of Kentucky in the neighborhood of Co Twentieth Illinois, informing me that all our forces, except mine and his own, had embarked for Cairo; but that he would remain and hold the pass until I came up, unless otherwise ordered. At sevenresser's battery, having arrived at Fort Jefferson by one o'clock, were immediately embarked for Cairo; the remainder of the column following the next day to the same place. The unavoidable deficimand set out, aggravated by the bad condition of the roads, prevented me from taking, on leaving Cairo, the five days supply of rations and forage directed by the commanding officer of the district.
g-Officer. Report of Flag-officer Foote. Cairo, ill., Feb. 7, 1862. sir: I have the honor to report of the Fort, and my services being indispensable at Cairo, I left Fort henry in the evening of the same day, woat Essex. Commodore Foote's General order. Cairo, February 10, 1862. The officers and crew of thations for a movement of some kind had been visible at Cairo, and other points within Gen. Grant's military jurisfantry, together with artillery and cavalry, then at Cairo, had received orders to be in readiness to embark nernoon of Monday that the last of the transports left Cairo, and steamed up the Ohio in the direction of Paducah difficult of capture than all the fortifications of Cairo, Bird's Point, and Fort Holt combined. Perhaps thto the letter. St. Louis Democrat account. Cairo, February 7, 1862. Three of the gunboats, the Cin Yours, G. W. F. Results of the victory. Cairo, Friday Night, Feb. 7, 1862. The reduction of For
Doc. 31.-test of the mortar-boats. Missouri Democrat account. Cairo, February 9, 1862. in respect to the efficiency of the mortar-boats constructed at St. Louis, at the suggestion of General Fremont, there have been many doubts in the minds of well-meaning persons, including a number of army and navy officers. They have been thought clumsy, insufficient in their bulwarks, incapable of bearing the heavy mortars designed for them, and beyond all question incapable of resisting the terrible concussion which would attend the firing of a thirteen-inch shell. All these opinions and prognostications have been overthrown to-day, by the experiment made under the superintendence of Captain Constable, and before a committee of three, composed of himself, Capt. Kilty, of the gunboat Mound City, and Capt. Dove, of the gunboat Louisville. One of the mortar-boats, No. Thirty-five, was taken in tow this morning, by three steam-tugs, and conveyed to a point a few hundred yards b
cessful pursuit and capture and destruction of the rebel steamers, and the dispersion of the hostile camps, as far up the river as Florence. I most cordially and sincerely congratulate you and the officers and men under your command, on these heroic achievements, accomplished under extraordinary circumstances, and after surmounting great and almost insuperable difficulties. The labor you have performed, and the services you have rendered in creating the armed flotilla of gunboats in the Western waters, and in bringing together, for effective operation, the force which has already earned such renown, can never be over-estimated. The Department has observed, with no ordinary solicitude, the armament that has so suddenly been called into existence, and which, under your well-directed management, has been so gloriously effective. I am, respectfully, Your obedient servant, Gideon Welles. To Flag-Officer A. H. Foote, U. S.N., Commanding Gunboat Flotilla, etc., Cairo, Illinois.
ervices here, until we can repair damages by bringing up a competent force from Cairo to attack the Fort, are much less required than they are at Cairo — I shall proCairo — I shall proceed to that place. I have sent the Tyler to the Tennessee River to render the railroad bridge impassable. A. H. Foote, Flag-Officer Commanding Naval Force Western Division. Official despatch from Commodore Foote. Cairo, ill., February 17. To Hon. G. Welles, Secretary of the Navy: The Carondelet has just arrived l. Fifty-eighth Regiment, O. V. Infantry. Report of Brig.-Gen. Cullum. Cairo, February 17, 1862. To Major-General MeClellan: The Union flags floats over that one of the injured boats was sunk, and that others had to be towed back to Cairo. This information may or may not be true, but it is certain that all of the bon ones — Tyler, Lexington, and Conestoga. There is a boat about to leave for Cairo, and I have concluded to mail this without awaiting the result of the final ass<
enn., Thursday, February 27, 1862. Tuesday, the gunboat Conestoga was ordered to proceed from Cairo to this place, for the purpose of conveying orders to such of the gunboat fleet, as might be up l the boats which could be spared, should, together with the mortar-boats, report immediately at Cairo, with a view to operations down the Mississippi River. The Conestoga, by the way, is one of tast June. There is not a resident on the banks of any of the rivers within two hundred miles of Cairo, to whom the appearance of the Conestoga is not as familiar as the trim of his own whiskers, or me of the thousand and one expeditions that characterized for so long a period the operations at Cairo, during the summer and fall of 1861. The swiftest boat on the river, she has always been usedhas had scarcely an hour's leisure since she was first set afloat. There is not a house between Cairo and Fort Henry, on the Tennessee, and Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland, but what claims a friend
Doc. 72.-fight at Pittsburgh, Tenn. Commodore Foote's report. Cairo, March 3, 1862. Hon. Gideon Welles: Lieut. Commanding Shirk has this moment arrived from the Tennessee River, and brin, rendered me valuable assistance during the action. I have sent Lieut. Commanding Shirk to Cairo with the transport Izetta, loaded with the balance of the wheat I left at Clifton. I shall remaW. Shirk, Lieutenant Commanding. To Flag-Officer A. H. Foote, Commanding U. S. Naval Forces, Cairo, Ill. Chicago post narrative. Cairo, Monday, March 3. The discovery of a new rebel battCairo, Monday, March 3. The discovery of a new rebel battery on the Tennessee River, mentioned by telegraph, was made in this wise. Hearing that the rebels were planting a new battery somewhere near Savannah, the wooden gunboats Tyler and Lexington were orange which they could have done with shorter fire. Accordingly the Lexington was despatched to Cairo for a supply of the desired ammunition, while the Tyler remained to look after the new rebel bat
ast. Since Monday all sorts of rumors have obtained circulation in Cairo. It has been said by different parties that Columbus was evacuatedter a residence of six hours. The steamboat Lexington arrived at Cairo on Monday morning from the Tennessee River, where she had been enga Columbus was to be attacked in the morning. Before twelve o'clock Cairo was alive with excitement on the subject, and the old rumors of evabe visited, because it was known that troops would not be sent from Cairo for the Tennessee expedition. At four o'clock this morning an orw, flat ground, and for mud and dirt of its thoroughfares resembles Cairo. There are four large brick buildings in the town--one of them a hoats Cincinnati, Carondelet, Louisville, and Pittsburgh has gone to Cairo. Mack. Another account. A correspondent of the Philadelphia lowing account of the occupation: Columbus, Ky., March 4, via Cairo. Columbus, which is the strongest rebel position in the Valley o
's orders: published March 11, 1862. Executive mansion, Washington, January 27, 1862. President's General War Order, No. 1. Ordered, That the Twenty-second day of February, 1862, be the day for a general movement of the land and naval forces of the United States against the insurgent forces. That especially The Army at and about Fortress Monroe, The Army of the Potomac, The Army of Western Virginia, The Army near Mumfordsvillc, Kentucky, The Army and Flotilla at Cairo, And a Naval Force in the Gulf of Mexico, be ready for a movement on that day. That all other forces, both land and naval, with their respective commanders, obey existing orders for the time, and be ready to obey additional orders when duly given. That the Heads of Departments, and especially the Secretaries of War and of the Navy, with all their subordinates, and the General-in-Chief, with all other commanders and subordinates of land and naval forces, will severally be held to the
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