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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 204 0 Browse Search
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static En-grav′ing and Printing. Invented by Wood in 1841. An engraving or other printed sheet iand polished appearance of Russia sheetiron. Wood's annealing furnace. In wood's annealing fued, and glancing upon the successive plates. Wood's armor. wood's armor, September 23, 1862, ip, side 29 1/2 in. Ocean4,0471,00027358324 1/2Wood ship, side 29 1/2 in. Prince Consort4,0451,00027358324 1/2Wood ship, side 29 1/2 in. Royal Alfred4,06880027358324 1/2, 6Wood ship, side 29 1/2 in. Royal Oak4,05680027358324 1/2Wood ship, side 29 1/2 in. Lord Clyde4,0671,00028059344 1/2, 5 1/2, 6Wood ship, side 31 1/2 in. Lord Warden4,0671,00028059344 1/2, 5 1/2, 6Wood ship, side 31 1/2 in. Wood ship, side 31 1/2 in. Zealous3,71680025259164 1/2Wood ship, side 30 1/2 in. Bellerophon4,2461,0003005612610 Pallas2,372d ship, side 22 in. Favorite2,0944002254784 1/2Wood ship, side 26 in. Research1,2532001953844 1/2Wificial.Tympanum, Artificial. Horn, Artificial.Wood, Artificial. Ivory, Artificial. Ar-tiller-[12 more...]
sertion of nails. Brad-set′ter. (Joinery.) A tool which grasps a brad by the head, and by which it is driven into its appointed place. Braider. Braiding-machine. Braiding-machine carriers and race-circles. Braid. (Fabric.) A narrow woolen woven goods, used for binding. Among the materials used for bonnet-braid may be mentioned, — Bass or linden bark.Worsted thread. Cotton thread.Linen thread. Flax thread.Straw. Hemp.Chip. Horse-hair.Paper strips. Palm-leaf.Wood splints. Wool thread.Majuaja. Braid′er. A sewing-machine attachment provided with an opening to guide and lay a braid on the cloth under the action of the needle. The braidguiding opening may be in the presser and in advance of the needle-hole, or in the cloth-plate, or in a separate attachment secured to the cloth-plate. See Sewing-machine attachments, G. W. Gregory, Washington, D. C. In the example, the guide is attachable to the presser-foot of a sewing-machine; the object is
upported above by a tripod. A superior class of houses are warmed by braziers placed on lacquered stands. Holes in the roof and walls allow the smoke to escape. Wood, in its natural state, is but little used as fuel. Travelers tell us that even now in Rome, which has a humid and raw atmosphere at times, the mode of warming iion and successive exposure to two reciprocating platens carrying forms which receive their specific colors from their own set of inking-rollers. In Baylies and Wood, 1867, an oscillating frame carries a series of rollers which are brought in contact with fountain rollers of a series of fountains, each carrying different colorerono-met′ric Govern-or. A device by which a time-measurer set to work at a prescribed and equable rate is made to regulate the motion of an engine. Invented by Wood and improved by Siemen. Chron′o-scope. Invented by Professor Wheatstone in 1840, to measure small intervals of time. It has been applied to ascertaining the
49B. F. Skinner and A. Plummer, Jr.Feb. 18, 1862. 34,854S. W. WoodApr. 1, 1862. 35,688B. F. JoslynJune 24, 1862. *35,996JnNov. 10, 1863. 41,184D. WilliamsonJan. 5, 1864. 41,803S. W. WoodMar. 1 1864. 41,848B. KittredgeMar. 8, 1864. 42,435ThomisAug. 2, 1864. 44,303S. GuilbertSept. 20, 1864. 44,363S. W. WoodSept. 20, 1864. 45,290R. WhiteNov. 29, 1864. 45,532E. TrDec. 19, 1865. 51,690G. C. BunsenDec. 26, 1865. 52,105S. W. WoodJan. 16, 1866. 53,955G. S. CrowellApr. 17, 1866. 55,743sJune 17, 1862. 36,505C. C. BrandSept. 23, 1862. 36,984S. W. WoodNov. 18, 1862. 37,004T. J. MayallNov. 25, 1862. 37,059JynAug. 4, 1863. †39,496B. F. JoslynAug. 4, 1863. 39,619S. W. WoodAug. 18, 1863. 39,642M. F. GeraghtyAug. 25, 1863. 39,64ts of the metal are not fairly joined. Flaw-piece. (Wood.) A slab, from the outside of the log. Flax. The firssaddle-bars of iron, which cross the window-frame. 2. (Wood.) Carved or open wood work in ornamental patterns and devic
tion is repeated again and again, so long as any gelatinous matter can be extracted from the scraps. Glue was used by the cabinet-makers of ancient Egypt. The Greeks used various sticky matters, such as glue, bird-lime, and cobblers' wax. Wood is joined together with glue, prepared from certain parts of oxen, and with such strength that the veins of boards will open in a crack, sooner than the seams of ox-glue will relax their fastenings. — Lucretius, Book VI: Isinglass glue; soak ispidary's mill.Straggling. Lead-mill.Strickle. Lens. Grinding, etc.Tanite. Liner.Tape-carrier. Lustering.Tool-holder for grinding. Marble-polishing.Tripoli. Martin.Tumbler. Mill (varieties, see mill).Varnish. Whetstone.Whiting. Whetter.Wood-polishing machine. Grind′ing and Pol′ish-ing ma-te′ri-als. Abrasive substances used in the solid form: — Grindstone.Charcoal. Hone.Emery-cake. Oil-stone.Fish-skin. Abrasive substances used in powder; materials stated in about th
broad; handle 2 1/2 feet long. Tool weighs 6 pounds. A light axe weighing 3 pounds; helve 3 feet long. Heel. A term as opposed to loe. 1. (Shoemaking.) A block built up of pieces of leather, and serving to elevate from the ground the rear portions of the boot or shoe. Heels are usually made of several thicknesses of leather, called lifts or taps, which are fastened together and to the insole and quarter by pegs or nails. Other materials are used for heels, such as, — Wood.Cast-iron. Vulcanite.Metal. Plated Brass shells filled with wood. Shell of leather, filled with composition of sawdust, waste-leather scraps, and glue or resin. Pieced heels are made of scraps approximately fitted together in a mold having movable sides, and then compressed so as to bring them to close conjunction and the required form. See Bigelow's patent, in which the blank-heels, built up in readiness for attachment to the boot, are punched while in a state of compression, an
for slitting iron into bars for smiths' use by Godfrey Bochs. The change from the use of wood coal to that of mineral coal was only accomplished in England after a great many futile attempts. In the reign of Elizabeth, blast-furnaces were of sufficient size to produce from two to three tons of pig-iron per day by the use of charcoal. In the small works, the iron was made malleable before being withdrawn from the blast-furnace, and in larger works was treated by the refinery-furnace. Wood becoming scarce, and a number of furnaces having gone out of blast, in 1612, Simon Sturtevant was granted a patent for thirty-one years for the use of pit-coal in smelting iron. Failing in his proposed plans, he rendered up his patent the following year. The patent was granted in 1613 to John Ravenson, who also failed, and resigned his patent, which was again and again granted to succeeding inventors and adventurers who believed themselves possessed of the means and knowledge for accompli
England; so numerous, indeed, are they that a bare recitation of their titles would fill considerable space. The more important improvements will be found described in the book called The Lathe and its Uses; or, Instruction in the Art of turning Wood and Metal, copiously illustrated, published by Wiley & Co., New York; and in Turning and mechanical manipulation, by Joseph Holtzapffel, an English work not republished in the United States. Lathes are known by various names, according to const 45 seconds. An emerald2 grains in 25 seconds. Crystal7 grains in 6 seconds. Lava10 grains in 7 seconds. Flint10 grains in 30 seconds. Jasper10 grains in 25 seconds. Carnelian10 grains in 75 seconds. Pumice-stone10 grains in 24 seconds. Wood burned immediately; water flashed into steam; bones fell into a calcined form at once. This glass was carried to China by Lord Macartney, and was left in Pekin. It was probably stolen or destroyed in the sacking of the summer palace by the all
h mirror gave perfect adjustability, and the result was a vindication of the probability of the statement in regard to Archimedes. With but 24 of the mirrors in focus, he lit pitch and tow at a distance of 66 French feet. By a subsequent arrangement of 168 pieces of plane looking-glass, 6 inches square, he lit beech-wood at 150 feet distance and melted a silver plate at 60 feet. His final attempts were with a frame of 360 plane mirrors, 8 × 6 inches; and one of 400 mirrors, 6 × 6 inches. Wood was kindled at 210 feet distance, tin melted at 160 feet. See burning-glass. Petijean's patent (1856) is for a process of silvering by the use of a compound formed of nitrate of silver, ammonia, and tartaric acid. The solution is applied to a polished glass, and silver is precipitated to the amount of about one pennyweight to each square foot of glass. It is then protected by a dark varnish. Walker (1869) uses the same ingredients in somewhat different proportions. The surface of th
e tree. Used with tallow to make candles. Wheat-oil(See Fusel-oil.) essential oils. AniseedPimpinella anisumEurope, etcSeeds afford an oil used in medicine and flavoring spirits for liquors. BergamotCitrus aurantiumS. Europe, etcRind of fruit affords an oil. Much used in perfumery, essences, etc. CajeputMetaleuca cajeputiMoluccasA volatile oil which dissolves India-rubber. CamphorCamphora officinarumChina, etcA solid essential oil. Used in medicine, etc. CedarCedrus rubraGenerallyWood yields an essential oil. Used in perfumery, etc. ChamomileAnthenus nobilisEuropeThe dried flowers afford an essential oil. CitronCitrus medicaEuropeFragrant oil. Used by perfumers. CitronelleAndropogon citratumIndia, etcObtained from lemon-grass. Used in perfumery. CloveCaryophyllus aromaticusTropicsFragrant oil. Used in perfumery. FennelFoeniculum vulgareBritain, etcUsed in medicine. GrassAndropogon (various)IndiaObtained from various Indian grasses. Used in perfumery and medicine.
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