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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The defense of Fort Fisher. (search)
ly telegraphed General Bragg, at Sugar Loaf : The enemy are about to assault; they outnumber us heavily. We are just manning our parapets. Fleet have extended down the sea-front outside and are firing very heavily. Enemy on the beach in front of us in very heavy force, not more than seven hundred yards from us. Nearly all land guns disabled. Attack! Attack! It is all I can say and all you can do. The original, in Whiting's handwriting, is in possession of Dr. Geo. L. Porter, Bridgeport, Conn.--W. L. The bombardment of Fort Fisher, as seen from the mound Battery. From a War-time sketch. I then passed hurriedly down in rear of the land-face and through the galleries, and although the fire of the fleet was terrific, I knew it must soon cease, and I ordered additional sharp-shooters to the gun-chambers with instructions to pick off the officers in the assaulting columns, and directed the battery commanders to form their detachments and rush to the top of the parapets w
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg. (search)
s command devolved temporarily upon Brigadier-General A. L. Lee. McClernand could not immediately follow the fugitives toward Vicksburg. Their retreat was covered by the batteries and sharp-shooters on the high western bank of the river, who for hours kept the Nationals from constructing floating bridges. Grant's only pontoon train was with Sherman, who, under his chief's orders, and while the events we have just been considering were occurring, had been making his way from Jackson to Bridgeport, on the Big Black, a few miles above the railway bridge. He arrived there during the afternoon of the 17th, and prepared to cross the stream in the morning. The Confederates at the railway bridge, finding themselves flanked, fled to Vicksburg. Then McClernand's men constructed a floating bridge there and just above, over which his and McPherson's corps crossed the next morning at about eight o'clock. Sherman crossed at the same hour, May 18, 1863. and all pressed on over the wooded and
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 22: prisoners.-benevolent operations during the War.--readjustment of National affairs.--conclusion. (search)
ission appeared first, in tangible form. Its origin and organization have been mentioned in a few words, in this work. See pages 574 and 575, volume I. It was the product of divine seed, that took root in the heart of woman, and by her it was chiefly nourished. It is well to take a note of the germs, while contemplating the majestic plant. On the day April 15, 1861. when the President called for seventy-five thousand men to suppress the Slave-holders' insurrection, women of Bridgeport, Connecticut, organized a society for the purpose of affording relief and comfort to the volunteers. This was the first in all the land. In Charlestown, Massachusetts, on the same day, a woman took steps for the formation of a society, for the same purpose; On the afternoon of that day, Miss Almena Bates, of Charlestown, Massachusetts, read the President's call for men, and the idea at once occurred to her that some of the men must go from Charlestown, and that they would need aid and comfo
s allow me an opportunity to fall upon his rear with our main body. I expressed this hope in a dispatch of August 2d, to President Davis. In reply thereto, and I presume also to a letter indited the ensuing day, but of which I possess no copy, he sent the following telegram: Richmond, August 5th, 1864. General J. B. Hood. Yours of August 3d received. I concur in your plan, and hope your cavalry will be able to destroy the railroad bridges and depots of the enemy on the line to Bridgeport, so as to compel the enemy to attack you in position or to retreat. The loss consequent upon attacking him in his entrenchments requires you to avoid that if practicable. The enemy have now reached a country where supplies can be gathered by foraging expeditions, and a part of your cavalry will be required to prevent that. If he can be forced to retreat for want of supplies, he will be in the worst condition to escape or resist your pursuing Army. General Hardee's minute knowledge of t
uld so seriously threaten the road at Stevenson, and the bridge across the Tennessee river, at Bridgeport, that Sherman would be compelled still further to detach and divide his forces, whilst at the ssee river at Gunter's Landing, and again destroy the enemy's communications at Stevenson, and Bridgeport. I felt confident that Sherman, after being disabled in battle, would follow in my rear, and at Blue Mountain, about sixty miles southwest of Rome, from which he will threaten Kingston, Bridgeport, Decatur, Alabama. * * * * On the 10th of October, Brigadier General Jackson, commanding tennessee at or near Guntersville, and again destroy Sherman's communications, at Stevenson and Bridgeport; to move upon Thomas and Schofield, and attempt to rout and capture their Army before it couldd plan to cross into Tennessee, I would move immediately to Guntersville, thence to Stevenson, Bridgeport, and Nashville. This important question at issue was discussed during the greater part of o
ntire force together in his pursuit, with the exception of the corps which he had left to garrison Atlanta. The morale of the Army had already improved, but upon consultation with my corps commanders, it was not thought to be yet in condition to hazard a general engagement while the enemy remained intact. I met at this place a thorough supply of shoes and other stores. I determined to cross the Tennessee river at or near Gunter's Landing, and strike the enemy's communications again near Bridgeport, force him to cross the river, also to obtain supplies and, thus we should at least recover our lost territory. Orders had been sent by General Beauregard to General Forrest to move with his cavalry into Tennessee. Unfortunately, however, these orders did not reach him in time. As I had not a sufficient cavalry force without his to protect my trains in Tennessee, I was compelled to delay the crossing and move further down the river to meet him. The Army arrived at Florence on the 31st
vice in Kentucky, having been assigned to General Nelson's command. In December, 1861 , while at Louisville, it was placed in Sill's Brigade of General O. M. Mitchel's Division, with which it marched to Bacon Creek, Ky., where it went into winter-quarters. In February Mitchel advanced to Bowling Green, Ky., and thence to Nashville; during the next month. his division marched through Tennessee, and then to Huntsville, Ala., the summer of 1862 being spent in the vicinity of Huntsville and Bridgeport. In September, upon Bragg's advance into Kentucky, the army fell back to Louisville, and on October 8, 1862, the regiment was engaged at the battle of Chaplin Hills, near Perryville, Ky. It was then in Harris's Brigade, Rousseau's Division, McCook's Corps; loss, 21 killed, 78 wounded and 10 missing,--out of about 400 engaged. At Stone's River, the Thirty-third, under command of Captain Ellis, fought in Scribner's (1st) Brigade, Rousseau's (1st) Division, Fourteenth Corps,--same brigade a
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
and a temporary one near it, these troops were conducted to Vicksburg by Major-General Stevenson, with his own division. They left the west bank of the Big Black about ten o'clock A. M., after destroying the bridges. This was by Lieutenant-General Pemberton's command. The Federal army crossed the river on the 18th; McPherson's and McClernand's corps on floating-bridges, constructed by them near the railroad, and Sherman's, which left Jackson on the 16th, on a pontoon-bridge laid at Bridgeport. Its advanced troops skirmished in the afternoon with those in the fieldworks of Vicksburg, General Grant's report. and the investment of the place was completed on the 19th. General Grant's report. On the 17th the two brigades with me marched fifteen or eighteen miles in the direction pointed out in Lieutenant-General Pemberton's note of the day before, and bivouacked on the road leading from Livingston to Edwards's Depot. Supposing that the Army of Mississippi had marched the day
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
efending the line, with about twenty pieces of field-artillery. So strong was the position, that my greatest-almost only --apprehension was a flank movement by Bridgeport or Baldwin's Ferry, which would have endangered my communications with Vicksburg. Yet this position was abandoned by our troops almost without a struggle, and y the large number of stragglers who, having abandoned their commands, were already making their way into Vicksburg. The enemy, by flank movement on my left by Bridgeport, and on my right by Baldwin's or other ferries, might reach Vicksburg almost simultaneously with myself, or perhaps might interpose a heavy force between me and myself of the assistance of my reenforcements which were daily arriving) I was yet in a position to recross readily, by both the bridges at the railroad and by Bridgeport, and thus defend my vital positions at Snyder's Mills and Chickasaw Bayou, if I should find that the enemy was advancing in too heavy force against Edwards's De
n consequence of these reports our reporter proceeded to Bridgeport on Sunday, to gain such facts as possible regarding the ing is a brief outline of the proceedings at Stepney and Bridgeport: Notice had been given in Bridgeport that a peace flaBridgeport that a peace flag was to be raised at Stepney, ten miles north of that place, on Saturday, afternoon, when a peace meeting would be addressepresidential campaign. E. B. Goodsell, ex-postmaster of Bridgeport, and G. W. Belden, lawyer, of New-town, were also advertised to speak. A large number of the citizens of Bridgeport, including many of the returned volunteers, decided to take paroon, an even more fearful riot than those at Stepney and Bridgeport was under way. It seems that a number of tories at New-Fown in Easton on Thursday of last week, and brought into Bridgeport; and that preparations were making in Bridgeport on Sundations were making in Bridgeport on Sunday, to proceed to Hatterstown (in Monroe) to-day, (Monday,) to take down another.
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