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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 35: Massachusetts and the compromise.—Sumner chosen senator.—1850-1851. (search)
s of an election, and then again lacking eight or nine votes of the requisite majority, and once as many as twelve. His own vote was relatively changed but little from what he received at the beginning, though increased seven on some ballots, and even eight on one,—the variations being due to the absence of members on particular ballots rather than to changes of votes. The Advertiser, April 25 and 26, undertook an explanation of the variations; but it was a difficult task. Meantime, on January 22 he was elected on the part of the Senate, receiving twenty-three out of thirty-eight votes; Sumner would have been easily elected in a joint convention of the two Houses, such as is now held in case of disagreement. and Robert Rantoul, Jr., a Democrat, was chosen by both branches for Webster's unexpired term, which Winthrop was temporarily filling. To the end the contest in the House continued a doubtful one. The counts were sometimes unsatisfactory; and from February 20 the members w
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 36: first session in Congress.—welcome to Kossuth.—public lands in the West.—the Fugitive Slave Law.—1851-1852. (search)
organs, and are accustomed to give to the public as a part of the news of the day whatever is said or done by any prominent public man, no matter how hostile or offensive to them his position may be. There were miscellaneous matters to which Sumner gave his attention at his first session; and in some of them his interest continued during his entire service in the Senate. He moved a resolution to abolish the spirit ration in the navy, and increase the pay of the enlisted men; Jan. 19 and 22. 1852. Sumner renewed the proposition at the next session (March 3, 1853). Sigma of the Boston Transcript (January 26, 1852), noting the resolution, wrote that he was glad, after running up the formidable column of Mr. Sumner's sins, to make such a respectable entry to his credit. also a resolution for cheap ocean postage, the rate being then twenty-four cents for half an ounce, for which he gave his reasons briefly. Works, vol. III. p. 45. He moved, July 20, another resolution on the sub
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 38: repeal of the Missouri Compromise.—reply to Butler and Mason.—the Republican Party.—address on Granville Sharp.—friendly correspondence.—1853-1854. (search)
saying also, This tornado has been raised by Abolitionists, and Abolitionists alone. a few agitators, or a set of politicians. With a coarseness of speech of which he was master, he imputed to the unprincipled ambition, Sabbath—breaking, The Appeal by an error of date appeared to have been signed on Sunday, although in fact it was signed a day or two before. Notwithstanding Douglas's pretension to Sabbatic scruples in open Senate, he had called on Jefferson Davis and the President Sunday, January 22, to counsel with them concerning his scheme. (Jefferson Davis's Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, p. 28.) deception, slander, and want of truth. He stigmatized the document itself as an abolition manifesto, a negro movement, a wicked fabrication, a gross falsification, an atrocious falsehood, a base falsehood; and proceeding with his personalities, he was at length called to order by the chair. He refused, in bitter and unseemly language, to be interrupted by Chase, denyi
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
tional government with all the bad passions of slavery,—sad enough that we have been summoned to such a trial, very sad at times that our burden has been so much increased by misunderstanding abroad, but always taking counsel of my hopes, of the lessons of justice, and of the ways of Providence to man. There is a day sure to come which must make you happy and triumphant; it is when African slavery is extinguished. Then at last shall we be of one mind. To Rev. John Douglass, Pittsburg, January 22: This letter was written in reply to a request for the senator's opinion as to the propriety of an amendment of the Constitution recognizing the Supreme Being, afterwards called for by a meeting held at Allegheny, Penn., Jan. 27, 1864. (New York Tribune, Feb. 1, 1864.) Sumner's answer disturbed some of his Hebrew friends, who expressed their dissent in letters to him. John Sherman approved, Feb. 8, 1869, in the Senate such recognition.— Duties will keep me here, so that I cannot <
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 51: reconstruction under Johnson's policy.—the fourteenth amendment to the constitution.—defeat of equal suffrage for the District of Columbia, and for Colorado, Nebraska, and Tennessee.—fundamental conditions.— proposed trial of Jefferson Davis.—the neutrality acts. —Stockton's claim as a senator.—tributes to public men. —consolidation of the statutes.—excessive labor.— address on Johnson's Policy.—his mother's death.—his marriage.—1865-1866. (search)
of the Senate, in order to facilitate the proceedings, reported a bill to remove objections to jurors on account of opinions founded upon public rumor, statements in public journals, or common notoriety. Sumner, who was opposed altogether to the trial of Davis, questioned such a retroactive provision intended for a case of unprecedented historical importance, which, as he said, should be approached carefully, most discreetly, and with absolute reference to the existing law of the land. January 22; Works, vol. x. pp. 111, 112. Harlan recalled in the Senate, July 12, 1870 (Congressional Globe, p. 5508), in presence of Sumner, who by his silence assented to the statement, that very soon after the close of the war, when he (Harlan) expressed the opinion that a few of the rebel leaders ought to be hung, Sumner looked grave, as he often does under such circumstances, and said he had come to the conclusion that it would be wrong to inflict capital punishment on any of them. He thought t
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 54: President Grant's cabinet.—A. T. Stewart's disability.—Mr. Fish, Secretary of State.—Motley, minister to England.—the Alabama claims.—the Johnson-Clarendon convention.— the senator's speech: its reception in this country and in England.—the British proclamation of belligerency.— national claims.—instructions to Motley.—consultations with Fish.—political address in the autumn.— lecture on caste.—1869. (search)
ot critical readers; and they did not take note that he had spoken in the line of all the diplomatic statements of our grievances. In a few instances the conformity of the speech to the preceding statements of the American case was recognized. The Pall Mall Gazette, April 29, wrote: Though Mr. Sumner is more outspoken than Mr. Seward or Mr. Adams, he says nothing which was not contained implicitly in their despatches. Sir Charles Dilke slid in a speech, Jan. 6, 1870 (New York Tribune, January 22), that Sumner had only stated the American case almost in the same words in which it had often been staled before; and he took note that the senator had said nothing about claiming two hundred million pounds sterling, or required an abject apology, but that what he said was that England's action had in some measure been the occasion of an enormous loss, and that there had never been on her part any expression of national regret. F. W. Newman, writing to the London Morning Star, May 11, 18
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 55: Fessenden's death.—the public debt.—reduction of postage.— Mrs. Lincoln's pension.—end of reconstruction.—race discriminations in naturalization.—the Chinese.—the senator's record.—the Cuban Civil War.—annexation of San Domingo.—the treaties.—their use of the navy.—interview with the presedent.—opposition to the annexation; its defeat.—Mr. Fish.—removal of Motley.—lecture on Franco-Prussian War.—1869-1870. (search)
il, maintaining by citations and extracts from speeches his early espousal of the cause of equal suffrage and his constant loyalty to it. Jan. 21 and Feb. 10, 1870, Works, vol. XIII. pp. 303-330; Congressional Globe, pp. 640-642; National Antislavery Standard, February 5; letter from Grace Greenwood in the New York Tribune, January 24. In the debate, Drake of Missouri and Fowler of Tennessee disapproved the attacks made on Sumner. (February 11, Globe, p. 1216.) Forney wrote to Sumner, January 22: I hope you will excuse me for adding the expression of my deep regret at the controversy into which you have been forced by the discourteous conduct of Mr. Trumbull. The correspondent of the New York Times, February 11, wrote of the controversy: With all his faults there is hardly a better-natured man in the Senate than Mr. Sumner. Sherman, who regretted the waste of time in such controversies, said that the senator from Massachusetts needed no defender on this question; that he had from
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 59: cordiality of senators.—last appeal for the Civil-rights bill. —death of Agassiz.—guest of the New England Society in New York.—the nomination of Caleb Cushing as chief-justice.—an appointment for the Boston custom-house.— the rescinding of the legislative censure.—last effort in debate.—last day in the senate.—illness, death, funeral, and memorial tributes.—Dec. 1, 1873March 11, 1874. (search)
oke of it as the most interesting which he ever made. No notes of the speech are preserved, and probably none were made. The outline of the senator's thought is likely to have been in his mind for a speech in support of Cushing's nomination. It is not easy to penetrate the veil of the Senate when sitting in executive session and obtain details of a debate. Three senators, however, and a clerk have given the writer their general impressions. The correspondent of the New York Tribune, January 22, describes the speech as one of the best and most impressive which he has delivered in the Senate. The Washington Chronicle, March 13, referred to it as something akin to inspiration itself. One of the clerks of the body has written that it was by far the most learned and interesting of any which I heard delivered by Mr. Sumner during the eight years I was connected with the Senate. I deplore and shall never cease to regret that it was never written out by the senator. Sumner's name is
James Parton, The life of Horace Greeley, Chapter 23: three months in Congress. (search)
s of proposing amendments which were scarcely heeded, making five-minute speeches that were not listened to, and taking votes where not half voted, and half of those who did were ignorant of what they were voting upon, proceeded some fifteen minutes longer, when the patriotic fortitude of the House gave way, and a motion that the Committee rise prevailed. The bill has not yet been passed. Just claims clamored in vain for liquidation, and doubtful ones are bullied or manoeuvred through. Jan. 22d. To-day the House of Representatives covered itself with glory. Mr. Greeley proposed an additional section to the General Appropriation Bill, to the effect, that members should not be paid for attendance when they did not attend, unless their absence was caused by sickness or public business. At this very session, said Mr. Greeley in his speech on this occasion, members have been absent for weeks together, attending to their private business, while this Committee is almost daily broken u
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1861. (search)
regiments in the signal system, having but a short time in which to teach them and to take charge of all the signalling for the expedition. Early in January, 1862, General Burnside's expedition set sail for Hatteras Inlet. Much difficulty was experienced by all the fleet in passing through the Inlet, and the schooner Colonel Satterly, in which Lieutenant Robeson was embarked, met with more troubles than most of the other vessels of the fleet. In a letter written on board he says, on January 22d:— We left Fortress Monroe with a fair wind, and every prospect of reaching Hatteras in twenty-four hours; but unfortunately the wind changed, and we have been knocking round at sea ever since. We have had two very severe gales, and there is every prospect of another. . . . I have had a pretty good time, and if it had not been for my anxiety to reach the fleet, should have enjoyed myself very much. Sunday, January 26. After lying in sight of the fleet for twelve hours, we
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