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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

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Pea Ridge, Ark. (Arkansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
hat Magrluder had abandoned his works, including Yorktown, during the preceding night, retreating up the Peninsula. Gen. John G. Barnard, Gen. McClellan's chief engineer through the Peninsula campaign, in a report to his commander at the close of that campaign, says: At the time the Army of the Potomac landed on the Peninsula, the Rebel cause was at its lowest ebb. Its armies were demoralized by the defeats of Port Royal, Mill Spring, Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Roanoke Island, and Pea Ridge; and reduced by sickness, loss in battle, expirations of period of service, etc.; while the conscription law was not yet even passed. It seemed as if it needed but one vigorous gripe to end forever this Rebellion, so nearly throttled. How, then, happened it, that the day of the initiation of the campaign of this magnificent Army of the Potomac was the day of the resuscitation of the Rebel cause, which seemed to grow pari passu with the slow progress of its operations? However I may be
Richmond (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
t of his serving to advantage as Generalissimo. Two days later, at a council of corps commanders at Fairfax Court House, it was decided — for reasons not given and not apparent — to debark our army at Old Point Comfort, between the York and James rivers, instead of Urbana or Mob Jack Bay — a most unfortunate decision, though materially qualified by the following provisos: 1st. That the enemy's vessel Merrimae can be neutralized. 2d. That the means of transportation, sufficient for anry, presided over by Capt. French Forrest, after an investigation protracted from May 22d to June 11th. decided that her destruction was unnecessary, and that she might, after being lightened to a draft of 20 feet 6 inches, have been taken up James river to Hog Island. Part of the blame, however, was laid on the hasty retreat from Norfolk of the military under Gen. Huger. Two unfinished iron-clads were among the vessels fired by the Rebels ere they left. The serious difference between the<
Patrick Henry (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
awrence, towed by the Cambridge, passed them, and soon also grounded, but was hauled off by the Cambridge, when she returned to the harbor of the fort. The Minnesota, Capt. Van Brunt, having, in passing Sewell's Point, received and returned a fire from the Rebel battery, which crippled her mainmast, had approached within a mile and a half of Newport News, when she grounded, with an ebbing tide, and was still hard at work trying to get off, when, at 4 P M., the Merrimac, Jamestown, and Patrick Henry, having finished their work at the News, bore down upon her. The shallowness of the water forbade the Merrimac to come within a mile of her, from which distance she fired for the next two or three hours, but once hulling the Minnesota by a shot through her bow. The Jamestown and the Patrick Henry, taking position on the port bow and stern of the Minnesota, where only her heavy pivot-gun could be brought to bear upon them, kept up a vigorous and effective fire on her, by which several of
York (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
landing at Urbana, and making a secondary base of West Point, at the head of York river; and this would seem, whether regarded abstractly or in the light of subsequeappahannock to Urbana, and across land to the terminus of the railroad on the York river; mine to move directly to a point on the railroad southwest of Manassas. ot given and not apparent — to debark our army at Old Point Comfort, between the York and James rivers, instead of Urbana or Mob Jack Bay — a most unfortunate decisiory force can be had to silence, or aid in silencing, the enemy's batteries on York river. 4th. That the forces to be left to cover Washington shall be such as to Rappahannock, and advancing thence on Richmond by West Point, at the head of York river, making this a secondary base. This most unfortunate decision is rendered unandria two or three weeks before, had been preparing to move from Yorktown up York river to West Point; where its 1st brigade, under Gen. Newton, landed unopposed nex
Perryville (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
e urgent representations, though they involved the necessity of a long delay and a heavy expense in procuring transportation by water for so great an army. The duty of obtaining the requisite vessels was devolved on John Tucker, Assistant-Secretary of War; who, on the 5th of April, reported that he had chartered therefor 113 steamers, 188 schooners, and 88 barges, and that these had — within 37 days from the time he first received the order, and most of it within 30 days--transported from Perryville, Alexandria, and Washington, to Fortress Monroe, 121,500 men, 14,592 animals, 1,150 wagons, 44 batteries, and 74 ambulances, beside pontoon-bridges, telegraph materials, and the enormous quantity of equipage, &c., required for such an army; with a total loss of 9 barges and 8 mules: the former having been driven ashore in a gale when within a few miles of Fortress Monroe. He Approaches to Richmond. note.--The above map does not pretend to trace the various wagon roads that traverse
Moorefield (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
y, and coopcrate with McDowell and Shields to crush him. There is a direct road from Franklin to Harrisonburg, not absolutely impassable by an army, though it crosses four distinct ranges of steep mountains; but Gen. Fremont's trains were at Moorefield, 40 miles north by east, and to attempt crossing without them was to doom his army to starvation, there being little for man or beast to eat in those wild mountains. He therefore decided to go by Moorefield, which compelled him to go 29 miles Moorefield, which compelled him to go 29 miles farther northeast, to Wardensville, in order to find a practicable route across the mountains. Stripping his army as naked as possible, he left Franklin next morning, May 25. the soldiers discarding even their knapsacks, but taking five days rations of hard bread ; and thus, through constant rain, and over mountain roads that could be made barely passable, he crossed the Alleghanies and descended into the Valley, reaching and occupying Strasburg on the evening of June 1st, just in time to be
Berkeley Springs (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
to the vicissitudes of a Winter which — though it had been remarkably dry and fine, with the roads in admirable condition, until Christmas — became stormy and inhospitable soon afterward; so that the since famous Stonewall Jackson, who, for eminent services in the battle of Bull Run, had, in September, been promoted to a Major-Generalship, and assigned to command at Winchester, and who had led Jan. 1, 1862. a strong force westward, expecting to surprise and capture our detachments holding Bath and Romney, though lie succeeded in taking both those places, driving out their garrisons, capturing a few prisoners, and destroying at Romney very considerable supplies, yet his unsheltered troops suffered so severely from storm and frost, while so many of his horses were disabled by falling on the icy roads, that his losses probably exceeded the damage inflicted on us; and his blow was fairly countered by Gen. F. W. Lander, who led 4,000 men southward from the Potomac, Feb. 13. and, brid
Williamsburg (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
t Point. Fort Magruder, just in front of Williamsburg, at the junction of several roads, commandeion of those roads as they concentered upon Williamsburg. Gen. Hooker, advancing May 4. on the dabout 5:30 A. M., of the Rebel works before Williamsburg; Fort Magruder in the center, at the juncti tangled abatis and the fort and redoubts. Williamsburg lay in plain sight of Hooker's position, tw side of the Peninsula — had passed through Williamsburg on the retreat, when it was recalled to aiddeployed Berry's brigade to the left of the Williamsburg road, and Birney's to the right, leading fot the Rebels were at that moment evacuating Williamsburg in such haste as to leave all their severel headquarters army of the Potomac, Williamsburg, Va., May 6. Hon. E. M. Stantox, Secretary ofng. headquarters army of the Potomac, Williamsburg, May 6. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of Wath the advance of our main army, moved from Williamsburg on the 8th to open communication with Gen. [4 more...]
Tunstall (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
army, moved from Williamsburg on the 8th to open communication with Gen. Franklin, followed by Smith's division on the direct road to Richmond. Rain fell frequently; the roads were horrible; so that Gen. McClellan's headquarters only reached White House on tile 16th, Tunstall's Station on the 19th, and Coal Harbor on the 22d. Our advanced light troops lad reached tile Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge two days before. The movement of our grand army up the Peninsula, in connection with BurnTunstall's Station on the 19th, and Coal Harbor on the 22d. Our advanced light troops lad reached tile Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge two days before. The movement of our grand army up the Peninsula, in connection with Burnside's successes and captures in North Carolina, See pages 73-81. had rendered the possession of Norfolk by the Rebels no longer tenable. To hold it by any force less than an army would be simply exposing that force to capture or destruction at the pleasure of our strategists. Gen. Wool, commanding at Fortress Monroe, having organized an expedition designed to reduce that important city, led it thither on the 10th; finding the bridge over Tanner's creek on fire, but no enemy to dispute poss
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
ailant. This movement, if successful, gives us the capital, the communications, the supplies of the Rebels; Norfolk would fall; all the waters of the Chesapeake would be ours; all Virginia would be in our power, and the enemy forced to abandon Tennessee and North Carolina. The alternative presented to the enemy would be, to beat us in a position selected by ourselves, disperse, or pass beneath the Caudine Forks. Should we be beaten in a battle, we have a perfectly secure retreat down the Pac, had addressed to the President a memorandum, wherein, in addition to the armies required to make a strong movement on the Mississippi, to drive the Rebels out of Missouri, to hold Kentucky, and sustain a movement through that State into Eastern Tennessee, to guard securely the passes into Western Virginia, to protect and reopen the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, to garrison Baltimore and Fortress Monroe, and leave 20,000 for the defense of Washington, he required for his main army of operatio
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