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esh division of Gen. D. H. Hill.
This was sent as a vanguard to Leesburg, Va. The whole Confederate army followed, and between the 4th and 7th crossed the Potomac at the Point of Rocks, and encamped not far from the city of Frederick, on the Monocacy River.
There General Lee, on the 8th, issued a stirring appeal in the form of a proclamation to the people of Maryland.
He was sorely disappointed.
Instead of a general uprising in his favor, he lost more men by desertions than he gained by acceommand at Harper's Ferry, retired to Maryland Heights.
Early crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, and pushing on to Hagerstown, July 6, 1864, levied a contribution on the inhabitants there of $20,000. Then he hastened on to Frederick, on the Monocacy River, and threatened both Baltimore and Washington.
The raid had a twofold purpose—to draw troops from before Petersburg for the defence of Washington, and to plunder.
When informed of it, General Grant sent the 6th Corps to protect Washington.