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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, APOLLO, AEDES (search)
plained as referring to a restoration of this temple, carried out by a Sosius, probably C. Sosius, consul in 32 B.C. and governor of Syria (Prosop. iii. 253. 556; but cf. JRS 1916, 183). Livy's statement (vii. 20. 9: relicum anni (353 B.C.) muris turribusque reficiendis consumptum et aedes Apollinis dedicata est) may refer to an earlier restoration, as the direct evidence of Asconius precludes the possibility of any second temple. This temple was also known as that of Apollo Medicus, and in 179 B.C. the censors let the contract for building a porticus from it to the Tiber, behind the temple of Spes (Liv. xl. 51. 6: locavit ... porticum aliam post navalia et ad fanum Herculis et post Spei [a] Tiberi [ad] aedem Apollinis Medici. The MSS. read et post Spei ad Tiberim aedem Apollinis Medici, which Frank prefers-see below). In Greek it appears as *)apollw/nion (Cass. Dio frg. 50. I). The shedding of tears for three days by the statue of Apollo, undoubtedly that in this temple, is cited amon
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AREA CAPITOLINA (search)
an (Hist. Aug. Tac. 9). These became so numerous that Augustus removed many of them to the campus Martius (Suet. Cal. 34: statuas virorum illustrium ab Augusto ex Capitolina area propter angustias in campum Martium conlatas... subvertit). Trophies of victory, like those of Marius (Plut. Caes. 6; Suet. Caes. 11) and Germanicus (CIL iii. p. 856), and votive monuments (Gilb. iii. 384-387); were also thickly strewn about, and a wholesale removal of these objects was ordered, as it had been in 179 B.C., in the time of Augustus (Suet. Cal. 34). Cf. infra, p. 298. Very many bronze tablets containing treaties and laws and military diplomas were preserved within the area, being ordinarily fastened to the walls of the area and of the temples, and to the bases of the statues and monuments (cf. BC 1896, 187-189; Jord. i. 2. 52-56; CIL iii. Suppl. p. 2034; for the area Capitolina in general, see Hulsen, Festschrift fur H. Kiepert 209-222; Jord. i. 2. 37-40; Gilb. ii. 423-425; iii. 388, 399; He
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ARX IANICULENSIS (search)
ARX IANICULENSIS the name given by modern topographers to the fortifications that were probably erected on the Janiculum, near the later porta Aurelia, when the first stone bridge, pons Aemilius, was built across the Tiber in 179 B.C. (see IANICULUM and literature cited).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BASILICA AEMILIA BASILICA PAULI (search)
BASILICA AEMILIA BASILICA PAULI on the north side of the forum, between the curia and the temple of Faustina. In 179 B.C. the censor M. Fulvius Nobilior contracted for the building of a basilica 'post argentarias novas' (Liv. xl. 51). In 159 P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica, when censor, installed a water clock in basilica Aemilia et Fulvia (Varro, LL vi. 4; cf. Censorin. de die nat. 23. 7; Plin. NH vii. 215: idque horologium sub tecto dicavit a.u. DXCV). This use of the double name, Aemilia et Futhe whole space between the temple of Faustina (from which it was separated by a narrow passage) and the Argiletum. There are some remains, including a column base which probably belongs to the earliest period of the basilica, of the structures of 179, 78, and 34 B.C. (TF 66-75), or of 78 and 54 B.C. (JRS 1922, 29-31), but it is clear that little change was made in the extent and plan of the basilica in the rebuildings of 14 B.C. and 22 A.D. It consisted of a main hall, divide
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM CUPPEDINIS (search)
FORUM CUPPEDINIS the market where various delicacies were sold (cuppedia, cf. Walde, Etym. Worterb. s.v.), between the Sacra via and the Argiletum (Varro, LL v. 146; Fest. 48; Donat. Ter. Eun. 256). This, with other separate markets, was incorporated in the MACELLUM (q.v.) of Fulvius Nobilior in 179 B.C. (Jord. i. 2. 434). In Symmachus (ep. iii. 19) it is called forum Cupedinarium.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM PISCARIUM (search)
FORUM PISCARIUM the fish-market north of the forum, between the Sacra via and the Argiletum. It was burned in 210 B.C. (Liv. xxvi. 27. 2) and rebuilt the next year. In 179 it was incorporated in the general Macellum, built by Fulvius Nobilior in the same region (Liv. xl. 51. 5; Varro, LLv. 146-7 ; cf. Hermes xv. I 19). This forum is called piscatorium in Livy, and piscarium in Varro and Plautus (Curc. 474).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HERCULES CUSTOS, AEDES (search)
circular temple near it have been exposed to view. close to its south wall, are the remains of a circular peripteral temple, with concrete podium and fluted columns of tufa, sixteen in number, covered with stucco and standing on travertine bases, fragments of seven of which have been preserved (BC 1893, 191; Alt. 38-40). The masonry of this structure has been attributed to the fourth century B.C., and it is represented on the Marble Plan (FUR fr. Iio). Form and location suggest an identification with the temple of Hercules, but with no degree of certainty (AR 1909, 75-76; P1. 362; BC 1911, 261-264; 1914, 385; RE viii. 571-574; WR 223-224; Rosch. i. 2976-2980; Comment. in hon. Mommsen 266-267; HJ 533, 552; LR 457-458; JRS 1919, 179, 180; BC 1918, 127-136, a vigorous protest against this identification). Frank, however, regards it as belonging to the time of Sulla (from its material it cannot, he thinks, belong to 179 B.C.) and therefore returns to the former identification (TF 130).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUNO REGINA, AEDES (search)
IUNO REGINA, AEDES (templum, Liv. xl. 52): a temple near the circus Flaminius, vowed by the consul M. Aemilius Lepidus in 187 B.C., in his last battle with the Ligures (Liv. xxxix. 2. I), and dedicated by Aemilius while censor in 179 (Liv. xl. 52. I) on 23rd December (Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 121). A porticus connected this temple with one of Fortuna (Obseq. 16), perhaps that of FORTUNA EQUESTRIS (q.v.). A probable site for the temple of Juno is just south of the porticus Pompeiana at the west end of the circus Flaminius (AR 1909, 76; HJ 487; Gilb. iii. 81-82; Rosch. ii. 601; for identification with one of the two temples of S. Nicola ai Cesarini, see BC 1918, 135-136).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER OPTIMUS MAXIMUS CAPITOLINUS, AEDES (search)
. i. 10; Liv. Epit. xiv.). See BC 1923, 304; 1925, 161-169, 191-200; JRS 1914, 183; Van Buren, Terracotta Revetments, 47. In 193 B.C. the aediles M. Aemilius Lepidus and L. Aemilius Paullus placed gilt shields on the pediment (Liv. xxxv. 10). In 179 B.C. the walls and columns were covered anew with stucco (Liv. xl. 51. 3), and a copy of the dedicatory inscription of L. Aemilius Regillus, from the temple of the LARES PERMARINI (q.v.), was placed over the door (ib. 52). A little later a mosaic pavs well as of dedicatory offerings and trophies of victory (see Rosch. ii. 728-730; Jord. i. 2. 16-18), of which the earliest recorded was a golden crown presented by the Latins in 459 (Liv. ii. 22. 6). The number of these became so great that in 179 B.C. it was necessary to remove some of the statues and many of the shields affixed to the columns (Liv. xl. 51. 3). This first temple was burned to the ground on 6th July, 83 B.C. (Cic. Cat. iii. 9; Sail. Cat. 47. 2; Tac. Hist. iii. 72; App. BC i.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MACELLUM (search)
MACELLUM the first of the three macella known to us in Rome, situated just north of the forum. We are told that this market was burned in 210 B.C. (Liv. xxvii. II) and rebuilt, but in 179 B.C. M. Fulvius Nobilior seems to have erected a new structure on the north-east side of the basilica Aemilia (which was built by himself and his colleague in the censorship), which absorbed the forum piscarium, the forum cuppedinis, and other special markets that occupied this site (Varro, LL v. 146-147 ; Fest. 238; Liv. xl. 51). It probably consisted of a central building, which in Varro's time was a tholos in shape, surrounded with shops (Liv. loc. cit.; Varro ap. Non. 448; Altm. 73, 74). The name, like the Greek JadeXXov (Varro, LL. v. 146), is thought to be Semitic in origin (Walde, s.v.), but was variously explained by the Romans (Varro, loc. cit.; Fest. 125; Donat. ad Ter. Eun. 256). The entrance to the market-house was called fauces macelli (Cic. Verr. iii. 145; pro Quinct. 25), and a shor
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