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ذَادَ ذ , (M, A,) first pers. ذُدْتُ, (T, S,) aor. يَذُودُ, (T, A,) inf. n. ذَوْدٌ, (T,) or ذِيَادٌ, (S,) or both, (M, A, K,) He drove: (S, M, K:) he drove away: (T, S, M, A, K:) and he repelled. (M, K.) You say, ذَدْتُ الإِِبِلَ I drove the camels: (S:) and I drove them away: (T, S:) and [so ↓ ذَوَّدْتُهَا , for] تَذْوِيدٌ signifies the same as ذِيَادٌ. (S.) And ذاد الإِِبَلِ عَنِ المَآءِ, (A, Msb,) aor. يَذُودُ, inf. n. ذَوْدٌ and ذِيَادٌ, He (the pastor) [drove away, or repelled, or] kept back, or debarred, the camels from the water; or prevented them from coming to it. (Msb.) And ذادهُ عَنْ كَذَا, (A,) and ذُدْتُهُ, (S,) He, and I, drove him away from such a thing. (S, A. [And the like is said in the M.]) And ذاد عَنِ الحَرَمِ He repelled from, or defended, the sacred territory. (L.) And الثَّوْرُ يَذُودُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بِمِذْوَدِهِ, i. e. (tropical:) [The bull repels from, or defends, himself] with his horn: and الفَارِسُ بِمِذْوَدِهِ, i. e. (tropical:) [the horseman] with his spear, or short spear. (A.) And ذاد عَنْ عِرْضِهِ (assumed tropical:) He defended his honour. (L.) And ذاد عَنِّى الهَمَّ (tropical:) [He dispelled from me anxiety.] (A.) 2 ذَوَّدَ see above. 4 اذادهُ ذ He aided, or assisted, him to drive, or drive away, (T, S, M, A,) his camels. (T, S, A.) [In the K, أَذَدْتُهُ is said to signify أَعَنْتُهُ عَلَى ذِيَادِ أَهْلِهِ: but اهله is app. a mistake for إِِبِلِهِ: or عَنْ is omitted before اهله; and if so, the meaning is I aided, or assisted, him to defend his family; but in this latter case, we should read ذِيَادٍ, which would be less chaste than الذِّيَادِ.] ذَوْدٌ ذ A number of camels, from three to ten: (Lth, AZ, As, T, S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K:) this is the meaning that is of best repute: (TA:) [in this explanation in the T from AZ, and in the K, the nouns of number are mase.; and so in the next here following: in the rest, fem.:] or from three to ten: and a little more: (IAar, M:) or from three to nine: (M, L:) or from three to fifteen: or from three to twenty; (M, L, K;) and a little more: (L:) or from three to thirty: (M, L, K:) or from two to nine: (M, Mgh, L, K:) [said to be] applied only to females: (Lth, A'Obeyd, T, M, Mgh, Msb, K:) so in the Bári': (Msb:) and it is of the fem. gender; (T, S, M, Msb, K;) i. e., the word is fem.: (MF:) but its dim. is [↓ ذُوَيْدٌ ,] without ة; contr. to analogy: (M:) the word ذَوْدٌ is a pl., (M, K,) meaning a quasipl. n., (MF,) having no sing. (S, M, K) of the same root: (S:) or a sing.; (K;) and its pl. is أَذْوَادٌ: (T, S, M, A, Msb, K:) or a sing. and pl.: (M, K:) the Arabs said ثَلَاثُ أَذْوَادٍ and ثَلَاثُ ذَوْدٍ and so with all the inferior ns. of number, making ذَوْد a substitute for أَذْوَاد: and they also said ثَلَاثُ ذَوْدٍ meaning thereby three she-camels. (M, L.) It is said in a trad., لَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسِ ذَوْدٍ مِنَ الإِِبِلِ صَدَقَةٌ, (T, L,) or لَيْسَ فِىأَقَلَّ مِنْ خَمْسٍ ذَوْدٍ صَدَقَةٌ, (T, Msb,) meaning [There is not in the case of less than five] camels [any poorrate]: for the poor-rate is incumbent on him who possesses five camels whether they be males or females. (L.) And in another trad. it is said, فِى خَمْسِ ذَوْدٍ شَاةٌ [In the case of five camels, a sheep or goat shall be given]. (Mgh.) And it is said in a prov., الذَّوْدُ إِِلَى الذَّوْدِ إِِبِلٌ [A few she-camels with a few she-camels are a herd of camels]; (T, S, M, A;) meaning that a little with a little is much; الى being here used in the sense of مَعَ: (S, A:) or الى is here used in its proper sense; a word signifying “ joined ” or the like being understood; (TA;) i. e. a few joined to a few becomes much: (M:) [or,] accord. to the K [and the T], this prov. shows that ذود is here used in the place of اِثْنَتَانِ [i. e. two she-camels]; for two added to two are a pl.; but this requires consideration. (MF.) ذُوَيْدٌ ذ : see the next preceding paragraph. ذَوَّادٌ ذ : see the next following paragraph. ذَائِدٌ ذ Driving: driving away: and repelling: pl. ذُوَّدٌ and ذُوَّادٌ and ذَادَةٌ. (M, K.) ― -b2- Also, and ↓ ذَوَّادٌ , [but the latter has an intensive meaning,] (assumed tropical:) A man who is a defender, or protector, of that which, or those whom, it is necessary to defend, or protect: (S, K:) who is wont to repel attacks upon his honour. (S, * TA.) مَذَادٌ ذ A place where beasts pasture at pleasure, where they eat and drink what they please, amid abundance of herbage. (IAar, K.) مِذْوَدٌ ذ [An instrument for driving, driving away, or repelling. ― -b2- ] (tropical:) A spear, or short spear, with which one repels from, or defends, himself. (A.) ― -b3- (tropical:) The horn of a bull, (T, A, K,) with which he repels from, or defends, himself. (A.) ― -b4- (tropical:) The tongue: (S, M, A, K:) because with it a man defends his honour. (M.) Hassán Ibn-Thábit says, “ لِسَانِى وَسَيْفِى صَارِمَانِ كِلَاهُمَا
وَيَبْلُغُ مَا لَا يَبْلُغُ السَّيْفُ مِذْوَدِى
” (tropical:) [My tongue and my sword are sharp, both of them; and my tongue reacheth what my sword will not reach]. (S, TA.) ― -b5- (tropical:) [A man who defends well, or vigorously; as also ↓ مِذْوَادٌ :] you say رِجَالٌ مَذَاوِدٌ and مَذَاوِيدُ. (A.) ― -b6- The manger (مِعْلَف, T, K, TA, in some copies of the K معتلف, TA) of a horse or similar beast. (T, K. [A manger is thus called in the present day.]) مِذْوَادٌ ذ : see the next preceding paragraph.
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