Summary of Book XXXIX

The consul Marcus Aemilius, having subdued the Ligurians, built a road from Placentia to Ariminum to connect with the Via Flaminia. The beginnings of luxurious living are said to have been introduced into the City by the army from Asia. All the Ligurians on this side of the Apennines were subdued. The Bacchanalia, a Greek rite celebrated by night, the breeding-ground of all crimes, since it had developed into a conspiracy of large numbers, were investigated and suppressed by the punishment of many. The censors Lucius Valerius Flaccus and Marcus Porcius Cato (the latter the greatest of men in the arts of both war and peace) expelled from the senate Lucius Quinctius Flamininus, the brother of Titus, on the ground that while he was holding the province of Gaul as consul, at the request of a Carthaginian, Philippus, a notorious degenerate whom he loved, he had, at a banquet, killed with his own hand a certain Gaul, or, as some say, that he had beheaded a man under sentence of death at the request of a courtesan of Placentia with whom he was desperately in love. The speech of Marcus Cato against him is extant. Scipio died at Liternum and, as if fortune were bringing them together, two deaths occurred about the same time of very great men—Hannibal, who committed suicide by poison when Prusias, king of Bithynia, with whom he had taken refuge after the defeat of Antiochus, was about to surrender him to the Romans who had sent Titus Quinctius Flamininus to demand him, and also Philopoemen, chieftain of the Achaeans and a very great man, who was poisoned [p. 403] by the Messenians after they had captured him in war. The colonies of Potentia and Pisaurum and Mutina and Parma were founded. In addition the book contains the victories over the Celtiberians and the beginnings and causes of the Macedonian war. The origin of this was found in Philip's anger that his kingdom was diminished by the Romans and that he was compelled to withdraw his garrisons from Thrace and elsewhere.

[p. 405]

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus English (Rev. Canon Roberts, 1912)
load focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, 1875)
load focus Latin (Evan T. Sage, Ph.D., 1936)
load focus English (William A. McDevitte, Sen. Class. Mod. Ex. Schol. A.B.T.C.D., 1850)
load focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1911)
load focus English (Evan T. Sage, Ph.D., 1936)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: