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γραμμή , , (γράφω)
A.stroke or line of a pen, line, as in mathematical figures, γραμμῆς λόγος τῶν δύο Pythagorei ap.Arist. Metaph. 1036b12, cf. Pl.Men.82c, R.509d, etc.; περὶ ἀλόγων γ. title of work by Democritus, περὶ ἀτόμων γ., title of work ascribed to Arist.: hence γραμμαί, αἱ, astronomy, AP9.344 (Leon.); also in forming letters, line traced by teacher, Pl.Prt.326d; outline, opp. σκιά, Metop. ap. Stob.3.1.116, cf. Plb.2.14.8; “ ἐκτὸς γ.Hero Aut.27.2.
II. = βαλβίς, line across the course, starting- or winning-point, Pi.P.9.118, cf. Ar.Ach.483; “εὐθὺς ἀπὸ γ.Lib.Or.59.13: metaph. of life, “πέλας γραμμῆς ἱκέσθαιE.El.956; “ἐπ᾽ ἄκραν ἥκομεν γ. κακῶνId.Fr.169; “ ἐσχάτη τοῦ βίου γ.D.S.17.118: hence, boundary-line, edge, dub. l. in Hp.Art.80; cutting edge of a knife, Gal.2.673.
III. line or square on a chequer-board: hence prov., τὸν ἀπὸ γραμμᾶς κινεῖν λίθον to move a piece from this line, i. e. try one's last chance, Theoc. 6.18 (usu. called ἱερά (sc. γραμμή), cf. ἱερός; αἱ γ. the board itself, Poll.9.99.
2. διὰ γραμμῆς παίζειν to play at tug-of-war (διελκυστίνδα), Pl.Com.153.1, Pl.Tht.181a.
V. Medic., linea alba, Gal.2.514.
2. = ζέα, Hippiatr.1.
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hide References (9 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (9):
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 483
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 17.118
    • Euripides, Electra, 956
    • Plato, Republic, 509d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 181a
    • Plato, Meno, 82c
    • Plato, Protagoras, 326d
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.14.8
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 80
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