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μάκαρ [v. infr.], α^ρος, , also μάκαρς Alcm.10, 11; μάκαρ as fem., E.Hel.375, Ba.565, Ar.Av.1722, Eub.104 (all lyr.), Orac. ap. D.S.8 Fr. 29, AP12.52 (Mel.), but usu. fem.
A.μάκαιραh.Ap.14, Alcm.37, Sapph. 1.13, Pi.P.5.11, E.Alc.1003 (lyr.), etc.; Boeot. “μάκηραCorinn.Supp. 1.15: with neut. Nouns in oblique cases, “μακάρων ἐξ ἐτέωνAP9.424 (Duris); “μακάρων τεκέωνNonn.D.21.263. [μα^κα_ρ Archil.Supp.3.5, Sol.14, Diph.126.6 (mock-Epic), elsewh. μα^κα^ρ Il.3.182, etc.]:— blessed, happy, prop. epith. of the gods, as opp. mortal men, “πρός τε θεῶν μ. πρός τε θνητῶν ἀνθρώπωνIl.1.339: abs., μάκαρες the blessed ones, “μακάρων μέγαν ὅρκον ὀμόσσαιOd.10.299, cf. Hes.Op.136, Sol.13.3, Pi.O.1.52, A.Supp.1019 (lyr.); “μ. χθόνιοιId.Ch.476 (lyr.); “οὐράνιοι μ.E.HF758 (lyr.); μ. ὀλίζονες lesser gods, Call.Jov.72.—In this sense always in pl., exc. in addressing single gods, as h.Hom.8.16, Sapph.l.c., Corinn.l.c., S.Ph.400 (lyr.), etc.: freq. in Inscrr., “μ. ΠαιάνIG14.1015; μάκαιρα, of Persephone, ib.12(5).229 (Paros).
II. of men, blest, fortunate, “ μάκαρ ἈτρεΐδηIl.3.182, cf. 24.377, Thgn.1013, Pi.P.4.59, etc.; μάκαιρα Θήβα, ἑστία, etc., Id.I.7(6).1, P.5.11, etc.; esp. wealthy, “ἀνδρὸς μάκαρος κατ᾽ ἄρουρανIl.11.68, cf. Od.1.217.
III. esp. μάκαρες, οἱ, the blessed dead, “μ. θνητοῖς καλέονταιHes.Op.141; μακάρων νῆσοι the Islands of the Blest, ib.171; of an oasis in the African desert, Hdt.3.26: sg., “μ. νᾶσοςPi.O.2.71; “ἀπιὼν εἰς μακάρων δή τινας εὐδαιμονίαςPl.Phd.115d, cf. Grg.523b, R.519c, al.—This sense does not occur in Hom., and is the only usage found in Prose, μακάριος being the common form.
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hide References (27 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (27):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 476
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 1019
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 524
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1722
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 1003
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 565
    • Euripides, Helen, 375
    • Euripides, Heracles, 758
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.26
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 136
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 141
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 171
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.68
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.182
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.158
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.299
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.483
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.217
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 8 to Ares, 16
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 3 to Apollo, 14
    • Plato, Republic, 519c
    • Plato, Phaedo, 115d
    • Plato, Gorgias, 523b
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.339
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.377
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 400
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 410
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