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μηδείς , μηδεμία^, μηδέν (i.e. μηδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ μία, μηδὲ ἕν): fem. μηδὲ ἴα or μηδεΐα (or -έϊα) IG12(2).6.12 (Mytil.):—
A.not one, not even one, nobody (in neut. nothing), once in Hom. (who elsewh. uses μή τις, v. μήτις)“, ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαιIl.18.500; “μή πως . . μηδὲν ἀνύσσῃςHes.Op.395; “μηδὲν ἄγανPi.Fr.216, etc.: rare in pl. (μηδαμοί being used in Ion.), “μηδένες ἄλλοιX.HG5.4.20; “μηδέναςPl.Euthd.303c.
2. μηδὲ εἷς (so written) is found in Att. Inscrr., as IG12.114.41, 22.487.9 (μηδ᾽ hενί ib.12.73.6), but is used esp. in an emphatic sense, not even one, “μηδὲ ἕνAr.Pl.37: freq. with an intervening Particle or Prep., “μηδ᾽ ἂν ἕναPl.Cra.414d; “μηδ᾽ ἐν ἑνὶ χρόνῳId.Prm.156c; “μηδ᾽ ἐξ ἑνόςId.Phdr.245d; “μηδ᾽ ἐφ᾽ ἑνίId.R.553d; “μηδὲ περὶ ἑνόςId.Tht.171c; μηδ᾽ ὑφ᾽ ἑνός, μηδ᾽ ὑπὸ μιᾶς, Id.Smp.222d, Alc.1.122a; “μηδὲ ὑφ᾽ ἑνόςIG12.32.8.
III. neut. μηδέν as Adv., not at all, by no means, “μηδὲν ἐγκέλευ᾽ ἄγανA.Pr.72, cf. 344; “μ. διαφέρειν πλὴν ὀνόματιPl.Plt.280a, etc.: with an Adv., “μ. αἰνικτηρίωςA.Pr. 949: freq. with Comp., μ. μᾶλλον, ἧσσον, etc., S.Aj.280, 1329, etc.— When other negatives, also derived from μή, are used with it, they do not destroy, but strengthen the negation, μηδέποτε μηδὲν αἰσχρὸν ποιήσας ἔλπιζε λήσειν never hope to escape, when you have done anything base. Isoc.1.16; cf. μηθείς.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (36):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 344
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 72
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 949
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 37
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 622
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 843
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.32
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.137
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.106
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 395
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.500
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 16
    • Plato, Republic, 553d
    • Plato, Cratylus, 414d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 171c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 180a
    • Plato, Statesman, 280a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 245d
    • Plato, Parmenides, 156c
    • Plato, Symposium, 222d
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 303c
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1094
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1114
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1231
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1275
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1329
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 280
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 767
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 234
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1000
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1166
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 918
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.3.20
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.20
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1107
    • Lucian, Rhetorum praeceptor, 2
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