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ex-pĕrĭor , pertus (
I.act. experiero, Varr. L. L. 8, 9, 24 dub.), 4, v. dep. a. [ex- and root per-; Sanscr. par-, pi-parmi, conduct; Gr. περάω, pass through; πόρος, passage; πεῖρα, experience; Lat. porta, portus, peritus, periculum; Germ. fahren, erfahren; Eng. fare, ferry], to try a thing; viz., either by way of testing or of attempting it.
I. To try, prove, put to the test.
A. In tempp. praes. constr. with the acc., a rel. clause, or absol.
(β). With a rel.-clause, ut, etc.: vosne velit an me regnare era quidve ferat Fors, Virtute experiamur, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 12, 38 (Ann. v. 204, ed. Vahl.): “lubet experiri, quo evasuru'st denique,Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 93: “experiri libet, quantum audeatis,Liv. 25, 38, 11; cf. Nep. Alcib. 1, 1: “in me ipso experior, ut exalbescam, etc.,Cic. de Or. 1, 26, 121; cf. with si: “expertique simul, si tela artusque sequantur,Val. Fl. 5, 562.—
II. To undertake, to attempt, to make trial of, undergo, experience a thing.
B. In partic., jurid. t. t., to try or test by law, to go to law: “aut intra parietes aut summo jure experietur,Cic. Quint. 11, 38; cf.: “in jus vocare est juris experiundi causa vocare,Dig. 2, 4, 1; 47, 8, 4: “a me diem petivit: ego experiri non potui: latitavit,Cic. Quint. 23, 75; Liv. 40, 29, 11: “sua propria bona malaque, cum causae dicendae data facultas sit, tum se experturum,Liv. 3, 56, 10: “postulare ut judicium populi Romani experiri (liceat),id. ib.—Hence,
1. expĕrĭens , entis, P. a. (acc. to II.), experienced, enterprising, active, industrious (class.): “homo gnavus et industrius, experientissimus ac diligentissimus arator,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 21, § 53: “promptus homo et experiens,id. ib. 2, 4, 17, § “37: vir fortis et experiens,id. Clu. 8, 23: “vir acer et experiens,Liv. 6, 34, 4: “comes experientis Ulixei,Ov. M. 14, 159: “ingenium,id. Am. 1, 9, 32. —With gen.: “genus experiens laborum,inured to, patient of, Ov. M. 1, 414: “rei militaris experientissimi duces,Arn. 2, 38 init.; cf. Vulg. 2 Macc. 8, 9.—Comp. appears not to occur.—
2. expertus , a, um, P. a. (acc. to I.), in pass. signif., tried, proved, known by experience (freq. after the Aug. per.): “vir acer et pro causa plebis expertae virtutis,Liv. 3, 44, 3: “per omnia expertus,id. 1, 34, 12: “indignitates homines expertos,id. 24, 22, 2: “dulcedo libertatis,id. 1, 17, 3: “industria,Suet. Vesp. 4: “artes,Tac. A. 3, 17: saevitia, Prop. 1, 3, 18: “confidens ostento sibi expertissimo,Suet. Tib. 19.—With gen.: “expertos belli juvenes,Verg. A. 10, 173; cf. Tac. H. 4, 76.—Comp. and adv. appear not to occur.
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