), an eminent physician and surgeon, who must have lived before the end of the fourth century after Christ, as he is quoted by Oribasius, and who probably lived later than the end of the second century, as he is nowhere mentioned by Galen. Of the place of his birth and the events of his life nothing is known, but he appears to have obtained a great reputation, and is mentioned in Cyrilli Alexandrini (?) Lexicon
(in Cramer's Anecdota Graeca Parisiensia,
vol. iv. p. 196) among the celebrated physicians of antiquity.
He was rather a voluminous writer, but none of his works are still extant except some fragments which have been preserved by Oribasius, Aetius, and other ancient authors.
These, however, are quite sufficient to shew that he was a man of talent and originality.
The most interesting extract from his works that has been preserved is probably that relating to the operation of tracheotomy, of which he is the earliest writer whose directions for performing it are still extant.
The whole passage has been translated in the Dict. of Ant. s. v. Chirurgia.
The fragments of Antyllus have been collected and published in a separate form, with the title Antylli, Veteris Chirurgi, τὰ Λείψανα ventilanda exhibit Panagiota Nicolaides, Praeside Curtio Sprengel, Halae, 1799, 4to.
For particulars respecting the medical and surgical practice of Antyllus, see Haller, Biblioth. Chirurg.,
and Biblioth. Medic. Pract. ;
Sprengel, Hist. de la Méd.